by johnah on November 5, 2020
Types Of Kiwi For Zone 3: Choosing Kiwi For Cold Climates
The types of kiwifruit are known as “Kiwi” or “Celosia”. There are many varieties of these fruits.
They have different shapes and sizes. Some are round while others are oval shaped. Most of them grow in warm climates like tropical regions and some in cold ones such as arctic zones.
The best type of kiwifruit for your garden depends upon the climate where you live. You may want to choose one variety that grows well in hot climates and another one that grows well in cold climates.
One variety will not suit all areas so it is better to pick two or three varieties rather than picking only one kind of fruit.
When choosing kiwifruits, keep in mind that they ripen at different rates depending on their location. If you live in a cold climate, then the time when they become ripe is much later than if you live in a warmer region.
So you need to select kiwifruit that ripens earlier.
You can buy kiwifruit seeds from nurseries but they do not always produce good quality seeds. Also, there are no guarantees that the seedlings will survive in your garden even after planting them.
If you want to be sure of the types of kiwifruit that will thrive in your garden, then it’s better to buy plants or even young kiwifruit vines from nurseries.
One of the most popular types of kiwifruit is “Hayward”. This fruit has a green, oval shaped skin.
Inside the skin, you can find brown furry strings. The flesh of this kiwifruit is juicy. The taste is comparable to that of apples. It is sweet and mildy acidic.
Another popular type of kiwifruit is the “Eve”. This fruit has a light green skin with a few brown spots.
The skin is smooth and thin. It has fluffy beige flesh. This type of kiwifruit has a rich taste which is both sweet and sour at the same time.
The “Hayward” and the “Eve” are the two most popular types of kiwifruit in the USA. There are many other types including the “Hercules”, the “Monarch”, the “Sentry”, the “Zespri”, the “Mara des bois”, and the “Changawhai golden”.
More About Types Of Kiwi For Zone 3: Choosing Kiwi For Cold Climates
Kiwifruit is a delicious fruit that is rich in nutrients and antioxidants. It is naturally gluten-free and fat-free so it is suitable for people who want to lose weight.
But kiwifruit alone is not enough to maintain good health. It must be eaten with other nutritious foods like lean meat, whole grains, vegetables, and fruit.
You can buy kiwifruit at supermarkets. Choose those that have a bright green color and feel heavy for their size.
Avoid those that are mushy or have soft spots. Kiwifruit can be stored in your refrigerator for about a week.
Kiwifruit is rich in nutrients. It is a good source of vitamin C and a very good source of vitamin E, vitamin K, potassium, and magnesium.
One kiwifruit provides half of your daily need of vitamin C and 10 percent of your need for vitamin K, potassium, and magnesium.
Kiwifruit also contains antioxidants. These antioxidants protect your body’s cells from damage caused by harmful free radicals.
Some research suggests that eating foods rich in antioxidants can help prevent some types of cancer and heart disease.
Kiwifruit is a good source of fiber and it also has plenty of water content so it is sure to keep you hydrated.
If you want to include kiwifruit in your diet, then buy plants or young vines at nurseries. They are easy to find.
If you live in a cold region, then plant the kiwifruit vine under shelter and provide it with extra protection like covering it with a waterproof material. In time, as the vine grows, you can uncover it and let it stand on its own.
Kiwifruit vine can grow really big so you need a lot of space to plant it.
Kiwifruit plant, also known as Actinidia chinensis, is a vigorous vine that belongs to the botanical family of Actinidiaceae. It originated in China and was later cultivated in the country now called New Zealand.
In both countries, kiwifruit is called a Chinese gooseberry.
Kiwifruit can grow really big. The largest vine ever grown had a perimeter of 49 feet and it took more than 50 people to help support its weight.
Kiwifruit vine can live up to 100 years. It flowers in the spring and produces green kiwifruit in the summer. It tolerates cool climates as well as hot ones.
Kiwifruit is very similar to a grape in flavor and it can be eaten both raw and cooked. Green kiwifruit is usually peeled before eaten.
It can also be eaten with its skin when it has fully ripened.
Kiwis can be prepared in many different ways. They can be made into jam, jelly, juice, or wine.
Kiwifruit can also be used as an ingredient in preparing meat dishes, desserts, and salad.
Kiwifruit is nutritious. It is high in vitamin C and contains more vitamin C than oranges or other citrus fruits.
It is also a good source of fiber and potassium.
Kiwifruit has the following nutrients:
Potassium 11 mg
Carbohydrates 21 g
Dietary fiber 3.5 g (Sugars 0 g)
Protein 1.1 g
Vitamin A Equiv. (2%) 1 µg
Vitamin C 24 mg
Calcium 2 mg
Iron 0.2 mg
Sodium 3 mg
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.05 mg
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.04 mg
Niacin 0.3 mg
Folate (DFE) (2%) 4 µg
Food energy 1 kcal
The history of kiwifruit dates back to the 19th century when it was brought to New Zealand by a Chinese migrant. A Scottish botanist later noticed the plant and initiated its cultivation in New Zealand.
Kiwifruit is a good source of vitamin C and also has many other nutrients like potassium, magnesium, pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), copper, dietary fiber, vitamin K, manganese, biotin (vitamin H), and folate (vitamin B9).
Sources & references used in this article:
Hardy Kiwi in the Garden by T Maughan, B Black – 2015 – digitalcommons.usu.edu
Growing Kiwi Fruit by BC Strik, H Cahn – 2000 – research.libraries.wsu.edu
Comparative ecology of northern brown kiwi (Apteryx australis mantelli) in Tongariro National Park and Tongariro Forest Park, central North Island: a thesis presented … by JRG Miles – 1995 – mro.massey.ac.nz
The endangered kiwi: a review by J Sales – FOLIA ZOOLOGICA-PRAHA-, 2005 – researchgate.net
Relationship between invertebrates eaten by little spotted kiwi, Apteryx owenii, and their availability on Kapiti Island, New Zealand by R Colbourne, K Baird, J Jolly – New Zealand journal of zoology, 1990 – Taylor & Francis
An analysis of the gizzard contents of 50 North Island brown kiwis, Apteryx australis mantelli, and notes on feeding observations by B Reid, RG Ordish, M Harrison – New Zealand Journal of Ecology, 1982 – JSTOR
Microstructured devices for chemical processing by MN Kashid, A Renken, L Kiwi-Minsker – 2014 – books.google.com
Explosive ice age diversification of kiwi by JT Weir, O Haddrath, HA Robertson… – Proceedings of the …, 2016 – National Acad Sciences