by johnah on November 8, 2020
American Persimmon Tree Facts – Tips On Growing American Persimmons:
Persimmons are native to North America and they belong to the family Solanaceae. They have been cultivated since ancient times.
The first recorded use of the word “persimmon” was in 1597 when it referred to a fruit made from the fruit of a species called the persimmon (Prunus persica). The name “Persimmon” came from the Latin word “pessimus”, which means “to prick”.
The persimmons were originally grown as ornamental trees but nowadays they are used for many purposes such as making wine, jam, juice and syrup. They are popularly known as the most expensive fruit in the world because of their high price.
There are over 100 different varieties of persimmons with varying sizes and colors.
Americans love them! Americans like them so much that they are one of the top five fruits eaten each year.
According to statistics, Americans eat almost twice as much persimmons per person than any other country in the world.
The average size of an American persimmon is 3 inches long and 1 inch wide at its widest point. The largest variety grows up to 5 feet tall and weigh between 25 pounds and 50 pounds.
Class: Hexandria Monogynia
Hexandria Monogynia Subclass: Tetrachia
Tetrachia Order: Sapindales
Sapindales Family: Ebenaceae
Ebenaceae Genus: Prunus
Prunus Species: P. Americana (American)
The average persimmon tree can grow up to 15 m (50 feet) high. It can grow in almost any soil.
It is most commonly found in the southern states of America such as California, Texas, Arizona and Florida.
The trees are usually grown for their sweet and sour fruit. They are also called “wild” because the fruit is very bitter and astringent until it is ripe.
Unlike other fruits, they ripen after they are picked and not when they are still on the tree. Most varieties are picked when the fruit becomes soft to the touch.
Sources & references used in this article:
Provitamin A (Alpha‐carotene, Beta‐carotene and Beta‐cryptoxanthin) and ascorbic acid content of Japanese and American Persimmons by A Homnava, J Payne, P Koehler… – Journal of food …, 1990 – Wiley Online Library
Ploidy Level in American Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) Cultivars by KW Pomper, JD Lowe, SB Crabtree, J Vincent… – …, 2020 – journals.ashs.org
Notes on persimmons, kakis, date plums, and chapotes by SA Spongberg – Arnoldia, 1979 – JSTOR
Notes on persimmons, kakis, date plums, and chapotes by SA Spongberg – Arnoldia, 1991 – JSTOR
Pollen Grain Morphological Characteristics of American Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana L.) by O Grygorieva, S Motuleva… – … , Health and Life …, 2017 – agrobiodiversity.uniag.sk
The common persimmon (Diospyros virginiana L.): The history of an underutilized fruit tree (16th–19th centuries) by J Troop – 1896 – Purdue University Agricultural …
Quality characteristics of oriental persimmons (Diospyros kaki L. cv. Fuyu) grown in the southeastern United States by CH Briand – Huntia, 2005 – faculty.salisbury.edu
Is the coyote (Canis latrans) a potential seed disperser for the American persimmon (Diospyros virginiana)? by BG Lyon, SD Senter, JA Payne – Journal of Food Science, 1992 – Wiley Online Library