by johnah on November 10, 2020
Popular Poppy Varieties: Types Of Poppies For The Garden
The most popular type of poppies are the Oriental (or Persian) variety. They have been cultivated since ancient times.
They were used as medicine during the time of Alexander the Great and they were even mentioned in Homer’s Iliad! These types of poppies grow well in temperate climates, but they do not like cold temperatures or wet soils. Soaking them in water will make them less vigorous. They prefer dry soil conditions.
They are very hardy plants and can survive harsh winters and hot summers. They need light shade to thrive, so they don’t do well in full sun.
Their leaves are opposite, which means their petals face each other when open. When the petals are closed, it looks like a heart shape with a short stem at the top of the flower head. The flower is white and small, measuring 1/4 inch across.
Poppy flowers last from one day to two weeks. Some blooms may fall off before the next bloom occurs.
You’ll want to harvest these blooms if possible because they’re edible and delicious! Poppy flowers contain a sweet liquid called nectar that tastes similar to honey. They’re often eaten fresh or dried for tea or added to baked goods as a substitute for sugar or honey.
There are some highly regarded varieties of this sort of poppy, including the Shirley and the Appleblossom. The color of these poppies can vary from white to pale pink.
Other types of Oriental poppies that are popular are the Dalmatian, with deep red petals with dark purple veins, and the Flaming Gold, with dark orange petals with large patches of dark yellow. All of these varieties have a dark green foliage, like most other types of Oriental poppies.
Another popular type of poppy is the California Poppy. This type of poppy flowers in the spring and grows well in temperate regions.
It’s hardy and can grow in most types of soil. It can grow up to two feet in height and has a mottled dark green foliage. The petals on this type of poppy are very colorful, with orange, yellow and white hues.
It’s a common type of poppy that’s easy to grow from seeds. They can’t tolerate frost, so they need to be planted in well-drained soil or indoors where it’s warm.
They grow back every year if you take the seeds from the pod. If the plant is given enough sunlight or artificial lighting, it will bloom until fall.
Papaver Rhoeas is another popular type of poppy. It grows wild along the coast of Britain and Western Europe.
It’s commonly known as the Corn Poppy because in earlier times, it was grown as a food crop for livestock feed. Nowadays, it’s used mainly for ornamental purposes. The plant can reach up to eight inches in height and has large green foliage. The petals are orange and the center has a black spot.
Papaver Rhoeas is one of the easiest types of poppy to grow from seeds. It grows in most types of soil and is extremely hardy.
It can be transplanted easily, but only blooms when there’s enough sunlight and warmth.
The flowers last for one day only, but they grow back immediately after. The petals close at night or during bad weather.
This type of poppy prefers dry soil, so it should be watered only once a week.
The opium poppy (Papaver Somniferum) is one of the most well known types of poppies. It’s grown for its white latex sap, which contains morphine, codeine and thebaine.
These are used to make prescription drugs such as painkillers and cough suppressants. Poppy seeds (also called grains or pods) are also sold commercially and they’re used as a culinary spice, especially in pastry dishes and breads.
Poisonous varieties of the opium poppy are very rare, but they do exist. The most dangerous variety is called the Russian Poppy.
It’s not used for ornamental or medicinal purposes.
Some people think that growing these types of poppies is illegal. This is a myth.
However, it is illegal to extract the sap or the seeds for commercial purposes if you don’t have the proper license. Most people who grow these types of poppies do it as a hobby or for ornamental purposes.
The red poppy is a symbol for peace and you’ll often see them depicted on posters or in paintings to commemorate those who have died in war. It’s also the symbol of the F.L.N, an Algerian political party that fought for the country’s independence from France.
Poppies are also illegal in some countries. In the United States, it’s illegal to buy or sell opium poppy seeds if you don’t have a license.
Some other types of poppies are also illegal to cultivate or sell in certain countries.
Other types of poppy plants that are sometimes used to make medicinal drugs include: ♦ The Guzmania family, which includes the beautiful tropical ” Puya ” flowers. These flowers contain a substance called “boric acid”, which is used to treat diarrhea.
It’s also used as an antiseptic and a laxative.
These plants can grow up to five feet and they usually grow in South American countries such as Peru.
♦ The Papaver Rhoeas family, which includes the Corn Poppy. These are annual flowers that can reach up to four feet.
They’re used to make a painkiller called “Pethidine”.
The petals of the corn poppy are usually orange with a black center. They have a bitter taste and they’re used in salads or on pizza.
In some countries, people use the petals to make tea or infusions.
The active ingredient in the petal is “Papaverine”, which is used to treat urinary problems such as bedwetting, as well as high blood pressure and heart problems. In low doses it can be used to treat asthma and add intensity to orgasms.
The petals can also be used to make a yellow dye.
In the next section, you’ll learn about the different types of orchids.
Types of Orchids
These unique flowers have been worshipped by humans since ancient times. In some countries, they’re even considered to be “magical”.
Today, orchids are the most popular type of flower that people buy. In fact, they’re the number one seller at many florists.
Orchids come in a wide variety of shapes and colors, which is part of what makes them so special. In fact, there are over twenty-five thousand different types of orchid in the world and scientists are still discovering new ones every year.
Orchids can be found everywhere from Australia to parts of South America. They can also be found on certain islands in the Pacific Ocean.
A lot of orchidaceae is still undiscovered, growing in remote locations such as these.
These plants are also a very big business. There are over two hundred types of orchids that are commonly cultivated for commercial purposes.
Some types of orchids fetch very high prices because of their beauty and rarity.
Some types of orchid can be found in the wild, but most of them have to be cultivated under highly controlled conditions. You need a special type of license to grow orchids commercially without harming the environment.
The U.S. government provides these licenses for a small fee.
Orchids can be found at practically every florist shop in the country. Most of them are used to make bouquets and corsages for proms and weddings.
Orchids are also commonly used in flower arrangements.
The most popular type of orchid is the Monkey Orchid, which is native to parts of South America. It’s name comes from the shape of its petals, which look like a monkey.
The most popular type of orchid for scientific research is the German Orchid, which is also commonly called the Bog Orchid. These flowers contain a chemical that’s very effective at fighting certain types of lymphoma cancer cells and leukemia.
These plants are also used to produce perfume on a commercial basis. They contain a scent called “cardenolide”, which is what makes them so unique.
The U.S. perfume industry uses over three million pounds of orchid blossoms every year.
The petals of most orchids are very delicate and they don’t last very long after being picked. That’s why there’s a big market for freshly picked orchid petals, which can sell for as much as twenty dollars per pound.
Many types of orchid produce a unique seed pod. These pods are called “orchid pods” and they have a leather-like appearance.
They’re used to make a wide variety of products such as handbags, wallets, and shoes. Even automobile seats and interiors contain orchid pods in them.
In the next section, you’ll learn how these unique flowers reproduce.
Orchids are an unusual type of flower because they contain both male and female parts. This allows them to self-pollinate, which means that they can reproduce sexually as opposed to growing from a seed.
While some orchids can reproduce by releasing their pollen onto the wind, most of them attract insects into their flowers, which results in cross-pollination. The only type of orchid that doesn’t attract insects are those that grow underwater.
These orchids release a sweet scent to attract fish, such as trout and eels. When these fish enter the flowers to eat the petals, they also release pollen onto the fish. This is called “pedaling”.
The petals of most orchids are very soft and delicate. This is so that they won’t harm any insects that fly into their flowers while they’re trying to access the nectar.
While all orchids contain male and female parts, some types contain both parts on the same flower. Other types contain male parts on one flower and female parts on another.
This allows the orchid to control which type of insect will fertilize its flowers.
If you’ve ever seen orchids in the wild, then you probably noticed that most of them only bloom for a single day, then they never bloom again. This is so that the orchid will have time to reproduce before its petals naturally fall off and cause it to die.
By growing in this way, orchids can live for more than ten years. During this time, they can grow anywhere from a few inches to over six feet tall.
It’s interesting to note that most orchids that are commercially grown only grow as an inch or two at most. This is so that they can be easily transported and sold to flower shops.
While most of us think of orchids as being “delicate”, the truth is that some orchids are actually among the toughest flowers in existence. There’s a type of orchid that grows over 30,000 feet above sea level on the slopes of the Himalayas.
Some orchids can even thrive in temperatures of over 118 degrees Fahrenheit!
They certainly are an interesting type of flower. If you’d like to learn about the various other types of orchids, I encourage you to watch the video on my profile!
Thanks for watching!
Sources & references used in this article:
Invasive California poppies (Eschscholzia californica Cham.) grow larger than native individuals under reduced competition by EA Leger, KJ Rice – Ecology letters, 2003 – Wiley Online Library
Common factors influence bee foraging in urban and wildland landscapes by VA Wojcik, JR McBride – Urban Ecosystems, 2012 – Springer
Distribution of certain poppy-fumaria alkaloids and a possible link with the incidence of glaucoma by SAE Hakim, V Mijović, J Walker – Nature, 1961 – Springer
Poppies, pipes, and people: Opium and its use in Laos by J Westermeyer – 1983 – books.google.com
Ranunculales‐buttercups, poppies and their relatives by MF Fay, MJM Christenhusz – Curtis’s Botanical Magazine, 2012 – Wiley Online Library
Poppies: A guide to the poppy family in the wild and in cultivation. by C Grey-Wilson – 1993 – cabdirect.org
Assessing the speed and predictability of local adaptation in invasive California poppies (Eschscholzia californica) by JL HARPER – Reproductive biology and taxonomy of vascular plants, 1966 – Elsevier