What Makes Plants Grow: Plant Growing Needs

by johnah on November 10, 2020

What Are Plants Need To Grow?

Plants need sunlight, water, nutrients, air and other elements to grow. These are some of the basic needs of plants. There are many factors which influence these basic requirements. For example, temperature affects all the above mentioned factors. So does soil type and its quality and quantity. Other than these basics there are others like pests or diseases which affect their growth negatively too.

Soil Types And Their Quality & Quantity

The soil type determines the amount of moisture and nutrients available to plants. Some types have higher nutrient content while others are low in it. If the soil is not rich with organic matter, then it will be deficient in nitrogen and phosphorus. Organic matter is the material left over after decomposition of dead plant parts such as leaves, stems etc. Soil texture also plays a role in determining whether it’s suitable for growing plants or not.

Soil with a fine texture is good for growing plants because they don’t require much water. On the other hand, soil with coarse texture requires more water and therefore is unsuitable for growing plants.

Temperature Affects All The Above-mentioned Factors

Plant growth depends upon several factors including temperature. Temperature affects the rate at which roots grow and absorb nutrients from the soil. A uniform temperature is required for healthy growth of plants. If it’s too low, then plants stop growing; if it’s too high, they grow too fast causing weak and tender stems and roots.

What Are The Other Elements Needed To Grow?

Other than the basic needs mentioned above, there are other factors which are equally important for growing healthy plants. For example, most plants require some amount of acidic soil. This can be achieved by adding some amount of soil with acidic content like decomposing organic matter or crushed pine boughs. Calcareous soils have high calcium content which is good for plants that prefer such environment.

How Do Pests And Diseases Affect The Growth Of Plants?

Pests and diseases are a threat to the growth and development of plants. Most of the time, they spread so quickly that plants don’t get enough time to recover from the stress caused by them. Not only this, some pests secrete poisonous substances which are harmful to plants.

Do Plants Need Space To Grow?

Yes, Most Of Them Do. If you’ve grown plants in a small pot or a glass jar then you’ll be aware of the fact that they start growing in all directions. The roots reach out towards the circumference of the pot while stems and leaves struggle to grow upwards towards the source of light. This phenomenon is known as overcrowding. Not only this, it also leads to under-growth and weak stems. If plants don’t get enough space to grow then they won’t be able to reach their full potential. However, there are some types of plants that are content with the little room they have to grow.

How To Prevent Overcrowding?

Overcrowding can be prevented by constantly pruning the stem, roots and leaves of plants so that they don’t suffer from lack of space. This process is generally known as pruning and is carried out by gardeners to improve the overall health and appearance of plants. Pruning needs to be carried out on a regular basis if you want your plants to look aesthetically pleasing. Another way of preventing overcrowding is by transplanting the plant into a bigger container.

How To Transplant A Plant?

There are several ways of transplanting a plant into a bigger pot or a new soil. You can divide the root ball of a plant and transplant it into two different pots. This process is known as splitting. On the other hand, you can take a cutting from a plant and plant it into a separate pot. This process is referred to as Cloning. Whichever method you choose to go with, make sure that the soil you use is well aerated so that the roots get enough space to spread out.

Do All Plants Need A Lot Of Light?

Most plants need a lot of light in order to grow and develop properly. If you want your plants to grow really big then you will have to provide them with copious amount of light. It is generally recommended to place your plants near a window which receives direct sunlight throughout the day. However, if there isn’t a window nearby which fits this description, then you can always opt for artificial lighting. These days, there are several types of light bulbs which can help you out in this regard. Most common ones are fluorescent tubes, high-intensitydischarge lamps and LED lights.

How To Water Your Plants?

Just like humans, plants also need water to grow and develop. In fact, water is one the most essential elements for plants because they are unable to transport any kind of nutrients without it. One of the most common reasons behind plant death is a lack of water. The amount of water a plant needs varies depending on the type of plant it is. In some cases, over-watering can also be detrimental because it can cause the roots to rot. A good way to check if your plant needs water is to stick your finger in the soil. If your finger goes in with ease then the plant doesn’t need water. If it goes in with a little difficulty then it needs water right away and if you can’t put your finger in the soil at all, then the plant has already received too much water.

Watering can be done using a normal watering can or using a hosepipe. For plants that are located outdoors, using a watering can is more suitable because it prevents the roots from being damaged because of the force of the water coming from a hosepipe. There are several ways in which one can water plants. One of them is known as deep watering. The process involves watering the plant thoroughly until you see a few drops coming out from the bottom of the pot or the ground.

On the other hand, surface watering involves giving the plant just enough water that you see it coming out from the top layer of soil. This type of watering is recommended for plants that have a weak root system. In addition to this, it’s also important to keep in mind the following tips:

* Cold and cool weather plants need more water than warm weather plants

* Water your plants early in the morning or late in the day because the water is more likely to evaporate if there’s sunlight

* Don’t water your plants on a cloudy day since the clouds act as a shield for the sun’s heat

Why Do My Plants Have Brown Leaves?

It’s common for plants to lose some of their leaves however if your plants lose all of their leaves then you have a serious situation on your hands. There are several reasons due to which this can happen. One of the most common reasons is overwatering. Due to excess moisture, the roots of your plant aren’t able to absorb all the nutrients it requires from the soil, thus causing the leaves to shed off. Another reason can be under watering. This isn’t common but it does happen in some cases. If not taken care of, the plant might die.

What Makes Plants Grow: Plant Growing Needs - Image

Another possible cause is diseases. The most common disease that affects houseplants is root rot. There are several other reasons as well such as insects or animals that can eat away at the leaves. In that case, you should take a look at our pest control guide. Other reasons can be incorrect transplantation, exposure to direct sunlight and poor quality soil among others.


Most people think that pests are limited to ants and mosquitoes. The truth is that there are thousands of different types of pest that thrive in your garden, some even more damaging than the former. It’s important to deal with them before they become a bigger problem. Let’s take a look at some of the most common plants and how to deal with them.

There are several different types of squirrels that enjoy eating fruits and vegetables, especially nuts. Since these rodents can easily climb trees, it becomes a bit of a problem when growing nuts. The best way to prevent this from happening is by covering the plants that grow nuts using a net or some sort of fencing. If prevention fails however, then you can always use rodenticides.

This is probably the most common pest that is found in gardens and there are several steps that one can take in order to prevent them from destroying your plants. First of all, you should keep your garden clean. This means raking up any fallen leaves, plants or other debris that can be eaten. Also, make sure to remove any insects, as these can attract the pests.

Another good idea is by planting mint around the base of your garden. Not only does it have a nice smell, it also discourages most insects from coming anywhere near your garden. In addition to this, you can always use insecticides.

snails and slugs This is another common pest that most people have to deal with. If you find any holes of chewed leaves in your garden, it’s likely that you have these pests. One of the best ways to stop them from destroying your garden is by putting some used coffee grounds around the base of the plant. As silly as this sounds, it actually works quite well and is completely eco-friendly as well.



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