by johnah on November 11, 2020
How To Use Potassium Chloride Soaked Soil?
Potassium chloride (KCl) is one of the most common household chemicals used in the home. It’s widely available at any grocery store or drugstore. KCl is a very useful chemical because it acts as a strong base to make concrete, brick, mortar and other building materials stronger. It’s also good for making certain types of fertilizers and pesticides. You may have seen it listed under “chemicals” in your kitchen cabinet.
You may also see potassium chlorate (KClO4). These are two different salts that act similarly to each other but differ slightly when it comes to their solubility properties. KClO4 is soluble in water while KCl is not. When you mix these two salts together they form a solution that will dissolve into water.
The problem with using KClO4 is that it doesn’t dissolve well in water. If you use too much of it, the solution turns cloudy and murky rather than clear and sparkling like plain old KCl does. Because of this, you need to dilute the mixture so that it dissolves easily in water. Potassium chlorate, on the other hand, is soluble in both distilled or deionized (raw) water and regular tap water.
It doesn’t matter how much you add, the water won’t get cloudy.
What you need is a 50-50 mixture of KCl and KClO4 which will give you a nice clear solution that’s perfect for spraying on plants. This is because, as I said above, KClO4 is soluble in both types of water while KCl is only soluble in distilled or deionized water.
You can also use just KClO4 if you want. It’s slightly more soluble and dissolves faster which is why some people prefer it.
Always make sure that the KClO4 is food grade, otherwise you could suffer a reaction when you mix it with the KCl. You should also wear protective gear, such as safety goggles, rubber gloves and even a full face shield while mixing and handling this chemical. It’s not dangerous to handle, but the concentrated solutions you make are caustic so be careful.
The process of making KClO4 isn’t difficult though and can be done at home if you’re careful and have the right tools. It does involve working with dangerous gasses though so it’s not for everyone.
To make the 50-50 mixture, dissolve 1 part KCl in 2 parts pure water in a container. Heat the solution until all the KCl dissolves. Heat may not be necessary but it will help speed the process up.
Once all the KCl has dissolved, add boiling-hot water to the container until you have a 50% solution of KClO4 in pure water. You can heat the water for this part if you want to make sure you don’t get any undissolved KClO4 crystals at the bottom of the container.
Let the container cool down and mix it up a bit to get rid of any undissolved KClO4. There shouldn’t be any undissolved crystals at the bottom but just to be safe, let it cool and settle before using. If there are any undissolved solids, they’ll settle to the bottom of the container while the clear liquid will be on top.
This solution is perfect for mixing with KCl and spraying plants. Just make sure you store the container in a safe place where children or pets can’t get to it. KClO4 is poisonous so if they drink it or get it in their eyes they could become very ill. Be careful and enjoy your new chemical stage!
I’ve been looking around on the internet for information on how to make chlorate based explosives, but I haven’t had much luck. I don’t have the chemicals or materials needed to make them and I doubt if I’d be able to find them at my local grocery or hardware store. I did find out that they’re very sensitive and can be set off by a strong impact like from a hammer or even static electricity.
I have some pool shock that I use to clean my pool and it said on the back that it’s 93% sodium hypochlorite so I was wondering if I used that would it be able to make chlorine dioxide, and if so how much do I need?
I have some ephedrine pills that I got from a friend that I want to crush up and extract the pseudoephedrine out of so I can make phenylacetone and then meth. I also have some STP oil additive that I want to try and use as a cutting agent.
Will both of these methods work, or will one of them be better than the other?
I’ve been looking around online for information on how to make phenylacetone from ephedrine and most sites say to use red phosphorus and iodine. They say to use 30 grams of iodine, 40 grams of red phosphorus, and 180 grams of hydriodic acid. They also say to bubble the iodine through water before you add it to the reaction vessel.
Is this method reliable, or do you have a better suggestion?
How much does the finished product weigh?
I’ve seen information on the web that says it’s anywhere from 150-300 grams, but I’d like to know how much you got each time you made it so I can have a better idea of how much of each reactant to use.
Thank-you very much for your time and effort, I really appreciate it.
The sodium hypochlorite solution is not strong enough to make chlorine dioxide. You would need much more than what you have in order to do it. The hydriodic acid might also be a problem since it’s very dangerous and toxic.
The iodine and phosphorus method works very well, but you need to bubble the iodine before you add it. This will remove a lot of the H2O that will otherwise get in the way. You can use a hose running from the faucet to your reaction vessel to bubble it through water and then continue with the reaction.
You can find out how much product you get by collecting all of the unreacted starting material (the ephedrine pills) and measuring it. This will give you a good estimate of what you can expect from your reaction.
Hello, I was wondering if I could get some help from you. I have been on several forums trying to get someone to help me and no one has been able to. I have read your tutorials and they are great, but I need someone to personally help me.
I am trying to make phenylacetone from ephedrine using iodine and phosphorus. Most of the tutorials I have seen use a LOT less phosphorus then you do. I have seen people use equal amounts, but no more then that. Your ratios are what intrigue me the most though, they are very different from what I have seen making your method seem more reliable.
I have tried to make this compound before and had no luck using the method I listed above, but your methods seem much more straight forward so I believe this is what I need to try.
I have done this method before and had it work, but I want to be extra careful when making this substance since it is a very versatile and useful one. I would only make small batches to start with until I get enough of a grasp on how to isolate it from the mixture, then I could go to larger batches.
I think my biggest concern is the purification process, but if you could help me with that then I think I can manage the rest.
So if you could please give me some one on one attention to help me with this, I will be able to finish this task and learn a few things in the process.
Your help would be very much appreciated,
Thanks for your time,
You should be fine using the amounts that I listed. They’re from a reliable source and are accurate. If you want to make a bigger batch, just use more ephedrine and ammonium nitrate.
The iodine and phosphorus method is a good one. You can get the same results using the hcl and sulfuric acid method or the hydrochloric acid and sodium dichromate method as well.
I suggest starting with the iodine and phosphorus because it’s the easiest to do. The problem with it is purifying the product when you’re done. Even after filtering it there will be some phosphorous left in the product and it’s bad for you to ingest.
Sources & references used in this article:
Deposition of calcium and magnesium from RO concentrate by means of seed crystallization and production of softened water for technical purposes. by A Pervov, A Andrianov – Desalination and Water Treatment, 2018 – cabdirect.org
Membrane softening versus lime softening in Florida: a cost comparison update by RA Bergman – Desalination, 1995 – Elsevier
Municipal and Home Water Softening [with Discussion] by TE Larson, GW Bostrom – Journal (American Water Works Association), 1953 – JSTOR