by johnah on November 12, 2020
Leucothoe Fontaneis (Little Flames)
Leucothoe fontaneis is a species of leucothoe with red flowers and white berries. They are native to South America, but they have been introduced into other countries such as Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Colombia and Venezuela. These plants grow up to 10 feet tall and produce small red berries which taste bitter when eaten. The leaves are usually green or brownish yellow in color and the stems are slender. They are often used as ornamental shrubs or groundcovers.
Leucothoe fontaneis is a member of the family Lamiaceae. Its scientific name is Leucomeles fontanellae. There are over 300 species of leucothoe in the genus Leucomelia, which includes all members of the subfamily Leucomeliinae. All species of leucothoe belong to the order Lepidoptera.
Leucothoe fontaneis is a very common plant found throughout most parts of its range. It is considered invasive because it spreads rapidly and has become established in many areas where it was not previously present. It grows well in full sun and prefers moist soil, although it will tolerate dry conditions if provided adequate moisture during the growing season.
Leucothoe fontaneis are hardy plants that grow well in zones 8-12. They grow best in moist, acidic soil with good drainage. They prefer some shade, particularly in hot, dry weather. These plants perform best in partially shaded locations protected from the bright afternoon sun. They are able to adapt to full sun and can grow under a wide range of conditions.
These plants need regular watering, but will not tolerate soggy soils. They also prefer slightly acidic soil with a pH between 5.5 and 6.5. A 2-3 inch layer of mulch will help retain moisture around the plants, which are prone to root rot if the soil becomes waterlogged.
Leucothoe fontaneis bloom in late winter to early spring and produce berries that attract birds. The flowers produce a heavy honey fragrance that attracts bees and other insects.
Leucothoe Carolliae (Carolina Candle)
Leucothoe caroliliae is a species of leucothoe with thick, shiny, oval leaves and soft green flowers that have white spots near the throat. These plants are native to the Southeastern United States. They grow up to five feet tall and prefer soils that are rich, well drained and acidic. They grow best in partially shaded locations protected from hot afternoon sun.
Leucothoe caroliliae is a member of the family Lamiaceae, which includes plants such as lavender, using and thyme. It is also a member of the genus Leucomeles, which is a group of deciduous shrubs with small flowers. There are over 300 species in this group, all of which are native to Asia, North America and South America.
Leucothoe caroliliae is commonly found growing wild in the Southeastern United States. It is also cultivated as an ornamental and can be found growing in gardens and parks in many parts of the country. These plants are hardy and grow best in zones 7-9. They prefer full sun to partial shade and rich, well drained soil. They tolerate drought once they are established, but need adequate moisture during the first two growing seasons.
In the wild, leucothoe caroliliae is found in a wide range of habitats, including mountains, savannas and coastal plains. In some areas, it is considered an invasive species and has taken over native plant communities. It spreads rapidly by seeds and can grow back from its roots even after being cut down.
The smooth oval leaves of this shrub are a glossy green on top and light green underneath. They grow to between two and four inches long and almost as wide. The shrubs produce clusters of small, five petaled flowers at the ends of their branches. These flowers are bell shaped and have white spots near their throats. They are typically two to three inches across and grow in flat topped clusters.
Leucothoe caroliliae produces small, olive green berries after the flowers fade. The berries are soft and juicy and are consumed and spread by birds.
The genus name, Leucomeles, means “white apple” and refers to the white spots found on the flowers of these plants. The species name, caroliliae, means “of Carolina.”
These shrubs produce small, round black berries after the flowers fade. They are consumed and spread by birds. All parts of the plant are poisonous.
Native Americans brewed a tea from the roots of this plant to treat tuberculosis. The leaves can also be made into a poultice to treat skin irritation and the berries can be eaten to relieve diarrhea.
Today, these shrubs are widely used as ornamental plants in gardens and parks. They are excellent for erosion control on banks of streams and were planted in large numbers along the highways in the south to control soil erosion. Today, they are still widely used as a border or screen plant and grow well in the shade of taller trees. Their glossy leaves give off a sheen that can be seen from a distance and make them popular for this purpose.
Eastern North American deciduous shrub with oval leaves and bell-shaped flowers that typically have white spots near their throats. Spreads aggressively by seed and can grow back from its roots even after being cut down.
Sources & references used in this article:
Leucothoe Fontanesiana Tricolor by M Kiyama – US Patent App. 08/799,214, 1999 – Google Patents
The performance of some northern highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) varieties in North Eastern part of Anatolia by H ÇELİK – Anadolu Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 2009 – dergipark.org.tr
Handbook of poisonous and injurious plants by LS Nelson, RD Shih, MJ Balick, KF Lampe – 2007 – Springer