by johnah on November 20, 2020
Hibiscus Varieties – How Many Kinds Of Hibiscus Are There?
There are various kinds of hibiscus plants. They all belong to the genus Hibiscus. Some of them are known as hardy, some are not so much, but they’re still good to grow in your garden or even indoors. You can choose from different color varieties, which means there’s a wide range of hibiscus colors available today.
The most common type of hibiscus is the white variety. White hibiscus flowers are considered to be the easiest to grow, because they don’t require any special care. They produce small pinkish red berries with no bitter taste. They’re easy to harvest and store. However, their fruit is very large and heavy; it needs a lot of space in order to grow properly.
Yellow hibiscus flowers are often called “sweet” because they contain no bitterness at all. Their fruits are smaller than those of white hibiscus and they’re less likely to bruise easily when picked. They need more room in order to grow well, so you’ll probably want to plant them outside where they will get plenty of sunlight.
Pink hibiscus flowers have the smallest fruits of all other types. They like acidic soil and prefer to grow outside where they can get as much sunlight as possible. The flowers themselves are small, but they look very elegant and pretty.
Red hibiscus flowers are great for making tea and wine. They also produce good-tasting berries when harvested, but they need extra care when watering.
Orange hibiscus flowers are large and beautiful, but they need a lot of space to grow. They can also tolerate less sunlight than most other varieties and they’re prone to having their fruits bruised when picked. But they taste great and look so impressive that many people are willing to put up with the extra hassle.
Violet hibiscus flowers are very easy to grow, but they don’t produce any berries at all. They do look very nice in flower arrangements and other types of decorations though, so if you’re not interested in making tea or wine with your hibiscus plants then you might want to go with this color instead.
White Miniature Hibiscus Varieties: There are a few white miniature hibiscus plants on the market today. These are small hibiscus plants which grow no larger than 3 feet. They’re ideal for people who don’t have a lot of room in their yards. Some varieties include:
Alba – This is one of the most popular miniature white hibiscus plants on the market today. It’s a great choice for people who live in small houses or apartments. It has large flowers which are 4 to 5 inches in diameter and the plant itself only grows to be about 3 feet tall. It tolerates most types of soil. The only problem is, this plant can become infected by a virus, which causes the edges of the leaves to turn yellow and the flowers to have a mottled look.
Rosea – This is another popular white miniature hibiscus plant. It’s a great choice for people who want to add a little bit of color to their yards, but don’t have a lot of room. The flowers are slightly smaller than Alba (about 3 inches in diameter), but they grow in clusters of several blooms and the plant itself only grows to be about 2 feet tall. It can tolerate most types of soil.
Where Will You Put Your Miniature Hibiscus?
If you’re going to grow your hibiscus outside, the first thing you need to do is make sure you plant it in a sunny location. Most species of hibiscus do best in areas which get at least 6 hours of direct sunlight a day. The exception to this rule are the Alba and Rosea varieties (which can also be grown indoors.) These can be grown in partially shaded areas. If there’s a large tree in the yard, you should still be able to get a good display of flowers by planting your hibiscus in a spot which is directly next to the tree trunk, but receives a few hours of sunlight each day.
If you’re going to grow your hibiscus indoors, the best place to put it is in front of a large window which gets a lot of sun throughout the day. If this isn’t possible, you’ll need to purchase and install a grow light, so that your plant will get the light it needs to survive.
It’s also very important to make sure you add some bottom heat to the flower pot. This will help the plant grow stronger roots and thrive. You can do this using a simple heating pad or you can simply use the sun. For the Alba and Rosea varieties, it’s best to put the pot in a window frame that’s exposed to direct sunlight for several hours each day.
Your miniature hibiscus will need soil that is rich in organic matter. You can either buy potting soil from a garden center or you can make your own. To make your own potting soil, you’ll need to combine several ingredients. Start by shoveling about 2 inches of compost into a garbage can. Then, add a mixture of 1 part peat moss, 1 part sand and 1 part soil.
Lightly spray the mixture with water and then mix it together. If you need to, add more of any of the ingredients until you have the right consistency. Keep the soil moist but not soaked throughout the growing season.
During the spring and summer months, your hibiscus will need 1 to 2 inches of water per week. This can be provided by a simple drip irrigation system or by simply watering the plant yourself. In the winter, cut back on the water, but don’t allow the soil to dry out completely. If it does, the roots will begin to die off and the whole plant will start to show signs of stress.
Fertilize your hibiscus plant once every 2 weeks throughout the growing season with a fertilizer that is high in phosphorus. This will ensure that the flowers are as vibrant as possible.
Pests And Diseases
Your hibiscus may be susceptible to a few different types of insects and diseases. Occasionally, you may notice some worms eating the insides of your flower buds. If you catch the problem early enough, you can simply remove the worm and discard of it. You can also spray the plant with a mixture of 1 part milk and 9 parts water. This will kill the worms as well as any other insects that happen to be eating your plant.
If you notice any type of mold or fungus on your plant, you’ll need to cut off all of the affected foliage as soon as possible. Mold and fungus won’t typically invade the whole plant, but will rather start in one particular part. If you remove that part, then the rest of the plant should be fine.
If you notice any type of spotting or blotching on your leaves, this may be a sign of a more serious disease which can quickly spread throughout the whole plant. Your best bet in this case would be to pull out the entire plant immediately and dispose of it. Then, clean out the pot very well and don’t put any other plants into it until the soil has completely dried. It’s also a good idea to coat the inside of the pot with a layer of paint and let it dry before putting in new soil. That way, any pests or viruses lingering in the soil will not have anything to cling to and can be easily washed away when it rains.
Sources & references used in this article:
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Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus), roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) by FD Wilson, MY Menzel – Economic Botany, 1964 – Springer
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The biochemical response of electrical signaling in the reproductive system of Hibiscus plants by J Fromm, M Hajirezaei, I Wilke – Plant physiology, 1995 – Am Soc Plant Biol
Differential pollen‐tube growth rates and nonrandom fertilization in Hibiscus moscheutos (Malvaceae) by AA Snow, TP Spira – American Journal of Botany, 1991 – Wiley Online Library