by johnah on November 26, 2020
White Plant Photosynthesis: How Plants That Aren’t Green Photosynthesize
The white plant photosynthesis is one of the most interesting facts about life forms. There are many different types of white plants which are classified into three main groups:
1) Chlorophytum comosum (Chloroplasts) – These are the cells that contain chlorophyll, and convert sunlight energy into chemical bonds with oxygen to produce sugars and other compounds.
They are found in all plants, but are especially abundant in certain species of trees such as oak and birch.
2) Chlorella vulgaris (Plants Without Leaves) – These are algae that live symbiotically with other organisms and provide them with nutrients.
Some examples include sea lettuce, blue-green alga, purple loosestrife, and red tide algae.
3) Rhododendron spp.
(Rhododendrons) – These are evergreen shrubs or small trees that have no leaves at all. They are not true plants, but rather they lack chlorophyll and use other processes to obtain their food.
There are several theories about why some plants have white leaves while others do not, however there is no conclusive evidence that supports any of these hypotheses.
What Is Chlorophyll?
The main pigment that absorbs light energy for plants is chlorophyll, which makes leaves appear green. There are other pigments in plant cells that help reflect some of the light that is not absorbed, and this is what gives plants their other colors.
The green color that is commonly seen in plants comes from the chlorophyll molecule. There are two main types of chlorophyll: Chlorophyll a and Chlorophyll b.
These chemicals have a similar structure, except that the latter has a methyl group in the side chain.
Both of these pigments can be found in the chloroplasts of plant cells. Their main function is to capture light energy and use it to synthesize sugars from carbon dioxide and water.
This process is called photosynthesis. The food that plants produce in this way is then used to carry out all the processes in the cell.
Plants need sunlight to live and grow. They use the sun’s rays to create energy for themselves and in an effort to keep plants from wasting their rays, nature covered their leaves in green chlorophyll.
The green pigments in plants absorb all but the red portion of the sunlight, so human eyes see them as green.
While all plants have chlorophyll, not all of them appear green. Some plants, such as the white campion and ground pine, have little or no chlorophyll at all.
As such, they don’t have green leaves. Instead, they offer other pigments to reflect the light that they can’t use, so that they appear colored.
The color of a plant depends on what other pigments it contains that are able to reflect back the light that chlorophyll can’t absorb. Carotenoids and anthocyanins are two of these compounds.
Carotenoids are responsible for the orange and yellow colors seen in autumn leaves. Anthocyanins are the pigments that give flowers their red and blue colors.
Carotenoids are also responsible for the red color of carrots, which is why carrots became associated with good vision. Carrots do contain an abundance of carotenoids, but their main function is to make carrots edible, not improve your vision!
What Is Chlorophyll A?
Chlorophyll a is a green molecule that is the most common form of chlorophyll found in plants. Chlorophylls, such as chlorophyll a, contain magnesium, which gives them a strong green color and absorbs nearly all other frequencies of light.
This magnesium atom is located at the center of a “paddle-wheel” structure formed by carbon and hydrogen atoms.
What Is Chlorophyll b?
While chlorophyll a is most common in plants, chlorophyll b is the second most common type of chlorophyll found in plants. Like chlorophyll a, it contains magnesium and is green in color but absorbs slightly different wavelengths of light. These two types of chlorophyll help plants utilize different frequencies of light energy during photosynthesis.
What Is Chlorophyll Used For?
Chlorophyll’s main use is in plants, but it has a number of other functions, too. It has been used as a tracer in the detection of metals and other non-living things in pollution studies. Chlorophyll is also used to detect the presence of red blood cells, as cancerous cells, and in the detection of silk and identification of non-synthetic fibers.
The benefits of chlorophyll come from it being a rich source of magnesium and iron. Magnesium helps your body build proteins and keeps your nerve functioning, while iron is crucial for your blood.
Because it has these ingredients, chlorophyll helps maintain healthy hair, skin, and nails. It also helps your body utilize other nutrients such as Vitamin C.
It also has a strong cleansing effect on the digestive tract and can help alleviate issues, such as diarrhea. Other benefits of chlorophyll include having anti-inflammatory effects and anti-cancer effects.
Chlorophyll is not intended to treat, prevent or cure any medical conditions. It should not be taken instead of medication prescribed by a doctor.
Chlorophyll and the Photosynthetic Process
As mentioned above, chlorophyll is essential for the process of photosynthesis. During photosynthesis, chlorophyll absorbs energy from sunlight and uses it to combine carbon dioxide, water, and minerals into carbohydrates.
This is how plants make food. When plants produce carbohydrates they release oxygen as a waste product. This is why so much of our oxygen comes from plants!
Chlorophyll also helps protect cells from damages caused by sunlight. It even helps them grow in strong light by protecting the DNA and repairing any damages.
Chlorophyll also prevents the loss of water during photosynthesis.
Where to Get Chlorophyll
It’s not always easy to get enough chlorophyll in your diet. If you eat a lot of fresh leafy greens then you’re certainly getting chlorophyll, but eating enough can be difficult.
This is why some people turn to chlorophyll supplements.
There are many chlorophyll supplements on the market. Some come in tablet form, while others are in liquid form.
You can take chlorophyll tablets or drink liquid chlorophyll as a supplement or to flavor foods and drinks. Keep in mind that some tablets may have an aftertaste, which you may or may not like.
As with anything, check with your health care professional before starting on a chlorophyll supplement. This is especially important if you’re on any medication or have a health condition.
Why Take a Chlorophyll Supplement?
There are many reasons why you’d want to take a chlorophyll supplement. Not everyone has time to eat a healthy diet that’s high in leafy greens. You might not like the taste or even know how to cook them. Some people just don’t like the texture of leafy greens or don’t even like vegetables at all!
If you fall into this category, then a chlorophyll supplement is a good option for you. Chlorophyll is also great if you travel a lot and don’t have access to healthy foods.
We all lead very busy lives and taking a chlorophyll supplement can help fill in the nutritional gaps in your diet.
Most commonly, people take chlorophyll as a detoxifier. It’s believed that chlorophyll helps to draw out toxins from the body.
These toxins could be pesticides, heavy metals like lead and mercury, or other chemicals you might be exposed to on a daily basis.
Children can benefit greatly from taking a chlorophyll supplement. Their bodies are still growing and developing and exposing them to a lot of toxins can cause developmental problems.
Taking a chlorophyll supplement helps minimize the amount of toxins they’re exposed to and this helps keep them healthier.
Some chlorophyll supplements have additional ingredients. Many also contain herbs and other nutrients that are beneficial to health.
For example, some come with additional vitamin C.
What the Science Says
There hasn’t been a lot of research on chlorophyll and human health. Most of what is known about chlorophyll focuses on its use in helping plants grow.
There is some evidence that chlorophyll has anti-cancer properties though. There’s also some evidence that it may help with blood sugar regulation and gastrointestinal issues.
Chlorophyll and Cancer
Laboratory and animal studies have shown that chlorophyll can help prevent the growth of tumors. Human studies haven’t shown this, but again, there haven’t been that many studies done.
More research is needed to determine if chlorophyll can help prevent or treat cancer in humans.
Chlorophyll and Blood Sugar
Some research suggests that chlorophyll may help with blood sugar control. This comes from animal and test-tube studies as well as some limited human research.
Chlorophyll and the Gut
Some research shows that chlorophyll can help protect the lining of the stomach. It also helps with the growth of beneficial bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract.
These are just some of the reasons why chlorophyll is believed to help with gastrointestinal issues like Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS).
Sources & references used in this article:
Diagnosing student misconceptions: Using drawings as a research method by S Köse – World Applied Sciences Journal, 2008 – Citeseer
Adaptive significance of evergreen vs. deciduous leaves: solving the triple paradox by TJ Givnish – Silva fennica, 2002 – silvafennica.fi
Turfgrass Physiology and… by D Rauh – The Botanical Artist, 2009 – JSTOR
The Potential of Plants by GE Bell – 2011 – books.google.com
Water’s H-two-O: An introductory demonstration lecture on chemistry by MC Flannery – The American Biology Teacher, 1983 – online.ucpress.edu