Eucalyptus tree is one of the most popular plants in the world. It grows naturally in tropical regions all over the world. There are many types of eucalyptus trees, but they all have similar characteristics: They produce cones (or leaves) which contain aromatic oils; their wood is soft and light; and they require little maintenance.
The wood of eucalyptus trees is used for making furniture, musical instruments, paper products, and other items. Eucalyptus oil is also widely used in cosmetics and perfumes. The wood of eucalyptus trees can be harvested when young or mature. Young eucalyptus trees may be cut down before they reach maturity so that they will not compete with other trees for sunlight during the winter months.
There are two main ways to grow eucalyptus trees indoors: Indoor growing and outdoor growing. Outdoor growing requires less maintenance than indoor growing since there is no need to keep the tree watered. However, it does take longer because you must provide your own lighting and ventilation. Outdoor planting can be done year round if conditions allow it. Before planting a eucalyptus tree outdoors, it is important that you inspect the roots and remove all the weeds that may be growing around it, as well as any other debris.
If you wish to grow the tree in a large container, place fresh soil in the bottom of the container. If you plan to plant it directly into the ground, make sure that you remove all weeds and grass from the area where you want to plant it.
To grow a eucalyptus tree indoors, you will need a seedling or small cutting (not transplanting a large tree). Never pick up eucalyptus litter on the side of the road as most are toxic and only a few are safe to use. Your best option is to purchase your plant from a local nursery or garden center. When transplanting, it is important to keep the roots moist but never wet. Place the cutting or seedling in a large container that has holes in the bottom for drainage.
Fill the container with a mixture of sand and soil. Gently water your plant so that the soil is damp, but not wet. It may take up to a few months for your eucalyptus seedling to adapt to its new growing conditions, so keep it out of direct sunlight until then.
In both cases, when your plant is large enough, it will be ready for its permanent location. When you are ready to plant it in its permanent location, dig a hole that is three times as wide as the root ball and just as deep. Add compost and manure (in equal parts) to the bottom of the hole and mix it into the soil; this will provide nutrients for your tree.
Sources & references used in this article:
The Effect of Planting Espacement and Pruning on Growth, Yield and Timber Density of Eucalyptus grandis by APG Schönau – South African Forestry Journal, 1974 – Taylor & Francis
Eucalyptus: the genus Eucalyptus by JJW Coppen – 2002 – books.google.com
Galls on Eucalyptus trees. A new type of association between flies and nematodes. by GA Currie – Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South …, 1937 – cabdirect.org
Seasonal and diurnal patterns in leaf gas exchange of Eucalyptusglobulus trees growing in Portugal by JS Pereira, JD Tenhunen, OL Lange… – … Journal of Forest …, 1986 – NRC Research Press
Eucalyptus spp by WM Ciesla, M Diekmann, CAJ Putter – 1996 – books.google.com
Speciation and distribution of Botryosphaeria spp. on native and introduced Eucalyptus trees in Australia and South Africa by B Slippers, G Fourie, PW Crous, TA Coutinho… – Studies in …, 2004 – library.wur.nl
Farmers’ knowledge, perceptions and management of the gall-forming wasp, Leptocybe invasa (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), on Eucalyptus species in Uganda by P Nyeko, EK Mutitu, RK Day – International Journal of Pest …, 2007 – Taylor & Francis
Tiny wasp helps protect eucalypts from eucalyptus longhorned borer by L Hanks, T Paine, J Millar – California Agriculture, 1996 – calag.ucanr.edu