Mulberries are one of the most popular fruits in the world. They grow wild throughout much of Europe, Asia and North America. There are two species: the common mulberry (Prunus serotina) and the weeping mulberry (Prunus occidentalis). Both belong to the family Rosaceae, which includes such well known plants as apples, cherries, grapes and peaches. However there is a difference between these two types of trees. The common mulberry produces only one type of fruit, while the weeping mulberry produces both types of fruit. These two species produce different kinds of berries. The berries from the common mulberry are edible, but they have little nutritional value compared to those found in other fruits. On the other hand, the berries from the weeping mulberry are very nutritious and contain high levels of vitamin C and potassium.
The fruit of the common mulberry tree grows up to six feet tall and weighs approximately four pounds. The fruit contains three main parts: a hard pulp, a soft seed and a white berry called the nectar. The seeds are usually eaten raw or cooked, but they can also be used in salads. The white berry is not edible, but it is sometimes used as an ingredient in jams and jellies. The fruit is soft, so it can easily be crushed by hand.
In fact, this fruit does not keep very well and usually spoils within a day or two after it is picked.
Mulberry trees are popular because they provide tasty and nutritious food for both people and animals. Deer, rabbits and other small mammals all eat the fruit when they are ripe. Many birds, including cedar waxwings, robins and siskins eat the berries as well. Typically, the birds scatter the seeds throughout the countryside as they search for food. The seeds usually only take a few weeks to germinate.
Mulberries have long been used for both medical and cosmetic purposes. The berries have been used to treat diarrhea, arteriosclerosis, diabetes and several other diseases in people and animals. Additionally, the berries can be used to make a red dye. However, the most common use for mulberries is as food.
Mulberries grow wild throughout much of Central and Western Europe, Asia and North America. In some countries, such as Croatia and France, the berries are so common that they are considered to be a nuisance. For this reason, the trees are often cut down or poisoned so that the berries will no longer be a problem for farmers.
In other parts of the world, such as Japan and Korea, the fruit has been used as a staple in the diet for centuries. In fact, mulberries were a major food source for troops during World War II. Several types of birds, such as cedar waxwings and robins, are found all over North America. These birds enjoy eating the fruit and spreading the seeds to the forests, fields and meadows where they stop to rest.
Mulberry trees are not usually grown for their fruit. Instead, they are grown for other reasons, since the fruit is not very popular with most people. People living in rural areas often grow these trees around their houses to provide shade. They are also useful for controlling erosion on steep hillsides. In fact, these types of trees are often planted in rows to create fences.
These trees were first brought to the United States from Europe in 1744. Today, they are grown in many types of soil as long as they have adequate water. They grow best in damp, loamy soil that is not too acidic. They can grow in almost any region that has a warm climate.
The trees are moderate to fast growers and can reach up to 65 feet in height. The leaves of the tree are dark green in color and generally five to nine inches long. The leaves grow directly from the branches and often overlap one another.
The mulberry tree produces both male and female flowers on the same tree. The male flowers appear in cone-like structures that hang downward from the branches. These flowers do not produce fruit. The female flowers are tiny and grow directly on the branches. They are surrounded by a cup-shaped leaf that protects them.
These flowers do produce the fruit, which is ripe when it turns a dark color and falls from the tree. Each female flower produces just one berry.
Sources & references used in this article:
Evaluation of fruit and vegetable containers made from Mulberry wood (Morus alba L.) waste by M Ferrandez-Villena, CE Ferrandez-Garcia… – Applied Sciences, 2019 – mdpi.com
Measurement of mulberry shrubs grazed by cattle by CF Cereti, F Rossini, U Francia – Mulberry for Animal Production …, 2002 – books.google.com
Abundance and morphology of Japanese mulberry trees in response to the distribution of Japanese macaques in snowy areas by H Enari, H Sakamaki – International journal of primatology, 2010 – Springer
Manufacture and properties of particleboard made from mulberry pruning waste. by CE Ferrández García, T García-Ortuño… – … -CIGR-AgEng 2012 …, 2012 – cabdirect.org