The first thing to do when you have a new esperanza plant is to remove it from its pot. You need to make sure that the roots are not going anywhere else! If they are, then you will need to dig them out yourself with your hands or use some sort of tool such as a shovel.
You want to get rid of any dead wood at all. That means no leaves, twigs, branches or anything else that might cause problems later. There is nothing worse than having a tree that needs trimming down the road.
When you have removed everything from the root ball, you can start removing the outermost layer of bark so that it doesn’t interfere with future growth.
If you are planning to grow the plant indoors, you may want to leave the top part of the bark intact since it provides protection from light. You don’t want to lose any of the beautiful colors that come from a healthy bark. (Read: How To Make A Beautiful Esparto Bark)
Once you have removed most of the outer bark, you can begin cutting away at it until only bare wood remains. This is where your fingers will hurt! You have to push really hard and dig into the wood so that you can separate it from the roots.
You need to keep the roots intact as much as possible since this is where most of your nutrients come from, but you do want to separate the root ball into sections. If you don’t do this, the tree won’t be able to get proper water and nutrients.
Once you have done this, it’s time for transplanting. Make sure that the holes you dig for the roots are larger than the root ball. You want to make a hole that is wider than the size of your root ball and then anywhere from 2 to 4 feet deep depending on the type of tree you have.
You can use fertilizer in the holes before putting the trees into them, but this isn’t strictly necessary. You don’t need to water them for one month after transplanting since they won’t be getting enough water through their roots anyway. Keep an eye on them and watch out for signs of wilting.
If they start to wilt then you will need to give them a little water since they are still getting used to their new home. You can also plant them in a bigger pot or different location if you believe that the soil is not good enough for them.
As far as sunlight goes, you can trim off most of the outer bark to allow for more light. The more sunlight they get, the faster they grow. This is especially true if you live in a warmer climate.
You can also trim the leaves if you need extra sunlight since they will still be able to photosynthesize and create energy even if they are missing a few leaves. (Read: How To Create A Beautiful Goldfish Pond)
The last part of esperanza plant care is to make sure that you water it enough to keep the roots from drying out. It will need a lot more water as it gets bigger, especially if you living in a place with a warmer climate. (Learn more about: How To Create A Beautiful Cinder Block Planter)
If you are having problems with your tree drying out too quickly or not putting on enough growth, you might try adding some fertilizer to the soil.
This should be enough to get you started with proper care for your bonsai esperanza. Just remember that it will take a while for your tree to grow large enough to look good as a bonsai. You will have to be patient and diligent in your care, but it will be worth it if you are committed.
Here are some pictures of my own personal bonsai esperanza.
This picture was taken about a year after the tree was first transplanted. It looks pretty bad at this stage, but that is to be expected.
This picture was taken a few years later. As you can see, there has been a lot of growth in such a short period of time.
This picture was taken about 5 years after the beginning stages of care for the tree. I really think that this one is my best tree.
These are some other trees that are still in the early stages of development. I have a few more that I am going to show a little later on in this article.
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