The cherry tree is one of the most popular ornamental trees in Japan. There are many varieties of cherry trees and they have different uses. Some are used for their fruit while others are grown as houseplants or even ornamentals.
A few types of cherry trees produce edible fruits like apricots, peaches, nectarines and plums. However, most cherry trees are not eaten at all. They are mostly used for their wood and bark which is used to make furniture, fencing, flooring and other products.
In Japan there are two main kinds of cherry trees: Japanese cherry (Prunus cerasus) and Chinese cherry (Prunus amygdalus). Both types of trees have similar characteristics but differ in size, shape and color.
Japanese Cherry (Prunus cerasus)
There are two types of Japanese cherry trees. One type produces large, round, red cherries called kurobuta cherry. These cherries are used for making sake and other alcoholic beverages.
Another kind grows smaller, rounder, yellowish-green cherries known as hanami cherry. Hanami cherries are used to make sake and other alcoholic beverages such as beer and wine. When grown outside, they can grow up to 15 meters but when grown inside they only reach a maximum height of 3 meters.
This tree has small, slender leaves which grow in clusters of five. The flowers bloom from early spring to late spring and are usually white or yellow in color. During the summer months the tree produces cherries which are round in shape and ripen from green to yellow to red.
Sources & references used in this article:
Beneficial effects of intercropping on the growth and nitrogen status of young wild cherry and hybrid walnut trees by V Chifflot, G Bertoni, A Cabanettes, A Gavaland – Agroforestry systems, 2006 – Springer
Strategies for controlling the size of sweet cherry trees by AD Webster – III International Cherry Symposium 468, 1997 – actahort.org
Impact of global warming on a group of related species and their hybrids: cherry tree (Rosaceae) flowering at Mt. Takao, Japan by AJ Miller‐Rushing, T Katsuki… – American Journal of …, 2007 – Wiley Online Library
Dynamic responses of sweet cherry trees under vibratory excitations by X Du, D Chen, Q Zhang, PA Scharf, MD Whiting – Biosystems Engineering, 2012 – Elsevier