Africa is home to some of the most beautiful flowers in nature. From the exotic African Violets to the rare and elusive African Violet, there are many varieties of each species. Each variety has its own unique characteristics which make it stand out from all others. There are several types of soil used for growing these flowers including clay, sand, perlite or even composted manure!
But what type of soil do you need? And how much does it cost? How do you get started with making your own soil?
The answer to both questions is “it depends”.
Soil Types For Afrikaans Violets
1) Clay Soil: This type of soil is made up of crushed rock particles mixed with water.
It is usually the easiest kind of soil to grow in because it requires little care and attention. You don’t have to dig holes in the ground or mow down bushes and trees to provide moisture for your plant roots.
However, this type of soil doesn’t hold enough nutrients for African Violets. If you want them to thrive, then you will need to add fertilizers like fish emulsion or liquid fertilizer into their container before planting.
2) Sand Soil: This type of soil is made up of fine gravel particles mixed with water.
It drains water very quickly. This kind of soil doesn’t hold nutrients either.
You will need to fertilize your plants every once in awhile. And just like with the Clay Soil, you also have to worry about drainage since the gravel acts as a filter and will not allow water to stay in the soil for very long.
3) Peat Moss Soil: This type of soil is made up of partially decayed vegetation.
It is often used in container gardens. Peat moss holds water very well and also provides nutrients for African Violets.
But the problem with this soil is it doesn’t drain water out of the container very well, leading to the roots being water-logged. After a few days the plant will start to droop and will soon die.
4) Composted Manure Soil: This type of soil is made up partially decayed vegetable and animal matter.
It provides nutrients for your African Violets and can also be used to influence the pH level of your soil mix. Composted manure can be bought in bags at most garden supply centers or you can make your own by putting vegetable and fruit peels in a trash can, burying chicken or cow manure in it and then mixing it all up before use.
The problem with this soil is that it takes months to make.
So how do you know what kind of soil to use?
The best soil to use is a combination of different types. First put down a layer of peat moss, then a thin layer of sand, then a thin layer of clay. Then you will need to add liquid fertilizer and mix everything together very well in order to provide the nutrients that your African Violets need in order to grow.
Sources & references used in this article:
Lighting Indoor Houseplants (2002) by DH Trinklein – Extension publications (MU), 2002 – mospace.umsystem.edu
Growing indoor plants with success by MC Ribas, MA Adebayo, LDT Prola, EC Lima… – Chemical Engineering …, 2014 – Elsevier