JASMINUM OFFICINALE JASMINE PLANT TYPES
India: Jasmine, Indian Jasmine, Indian Rose Jasmine, Jasminum Officinalis (Rose) , Jasminum Spicatum (Spice), Jasminum Nigra (Black Tea), Jaspinae (Japanese Blue Lotus), Kudzu Flower, Moringa Flower, Nasturtium Leaf, Phlox Flower.
USA: Black Jasmine, Blue Jasmine, Chinese Jasmine, Egyptian Jasmine, French Jasmine, Gold Rush Jasmine, Red Indian Rose, White Indian Rose.
China: Jasmine, Jasminum Officinalis (Rose), Jasminum Spicatum (Spice).
The name “jasmine” comes from the Arabic word for rose. It is a genus of flowering plants native to India and Pakistan. There are several species of jasmine, each with its own distinctive scent and coloration. Jasmine plants are often used in perfume making due to their strong fragrance.
Jasmine flowers bloom in Spring and Summer, and are white, yellow, pink, or red. They grow on erect stems that can reach to around 2-4 feet (60-120 cm). The leaves are glossy green and have a light fragrance. The flowers are several inches across and each has five petals.
The jasmine flower is also known as the “Moonlight,” due to its nocturnal blooming period. The flowers are most strongly scented at night, when their fragrance can be detected from hundreds of feet away.
Cultivation: Jasmine plants prefer warm weather and are most common in areas such as California and Florida. They bloom late into the summer (July and August), before producing berries that ripen in the autumn months.
The jasmine can be grown from seed. The seeds need to be scarified and pretreated before planting, and should be planted outdoors once the weather reaches above 60 degrees.
The plant prefers well-draining soil and harsh sunlight, similar to that of a Mediterranean summer. It grows rapidly in Spring and Fall, but slows down during hot or cold weather. The plant cannot survive in temperatures below 11 degrees. It is frost-sensitive and requires pruning after each season.
The Jasmine can be propagated by cuttings, division, and seed. To produce a more stable clone, it is recommended that the cuttings be taken in the late spring when the plant is growing rapidly.
The jasmine is a fast-growing vine that can spread over an area of around 20 feet in diameter in just three years if left unchecked. It is closely related to the “Star Jasmine”, which is an invasive pest in Australia.
Uses: Jasmine is the name given to a number of plants with sweet-smelling flowers, and is used in everything from perfume to cooking. It is an important ingredient in Mughal incense, and has been used medicinally throughout history.
The Jasmine is a symbol of love in many cultures, due to the legend that the Goddess of Love, Aphrodite, created it when she spilled her perfume on the ground.
It can be eaten, and can also be used to make a nourishing and refreshing drink. The Jasmine is high in sugars and vitamins, and more nutritious than most cereal crops when uncooked. When made into a juice it can help soothe allergic reactions, as well as being antibacterial and antiviral. It can also help in the treatment of depression and anxiety.
It can cause hallucinations if too much is consumed.
The Jasmine flower is a common ingredient in Asian cooking. It has a sweet and tangy taste. It is often dried and steeped in water to make tea, which is high in vitamins and minerals.
History: The lavender was known to the ancient Greeks and Romans, but was first used medicinally by the French, where it got its name. “Lavender” comes from the Latin word “lavare,”, meaning “to wash.”
The ancient Egyptians used lavender oil to treat depression and high blood pressure. The Romans used it as a culinary spice to improve the taste of meats. During the Middle Ages, it was used as an insect repellant and had a reputation of driving away evil spirits. During this time, many herbalists wrote in great detail about the lavender’s many uses in herbal medicine.
In the Victorian Era, it was used as a remedy for cramps, migraines and even epilepsy. It was also used to fragrance clothing and bed linens.
Constituents: Over 150 compounds; Specific ones include linalool, linalyl acetate, lavanduly acetate.
Psychoactive Contituents: Linalool, Linalyl Acetate
Effects: Euphoric, Calm, Relaxing, Sleepy
Common Combinations: Lavender is commonly used in a number of different combinations to treat migraines and headaches. In herbal smoking blends it is combined with Tulsi and Valerian. It is also an ingredient in the sleep remedy “Herbal Haze.” It is also used as an ingredient in massage oils.
Risks: Large doses of lavender can be dangerous, and can cause heart arrythmias and hypotension. It should not be used when pregnant, as it is an emmenogogue.
Legal Status: The herb itself is legal, but there are no legal markets for the essential oil.
Other Information: The lavender plant is a very pretty purple color. It’s flowers bloom from June to September, and thrive in rocky, dry soil.
Lavender has a long history of use in perfumes, with the first written account dating back to ancient Greece. In modern times, it is among the most commonly used scents in perfumes.
The flowers can be eaten, and have a taste similar to a cross between celery and blueberries. The flower petals can be used as a substitute for lavender in cooking.
History: Lemongrasses have been used medicinally for centuries by Indian, Chinese and Indonesian cultures.
The ancient Indians and Chinese would use the plant for culinary, medicinal and spiritual purposes. The plant was brought to Indonesia by Chinese colonists, where it is quite popular to this day. In both China and Indonesia the grass is commonly made into tea and taken to relieve digestive problems.
Some Chinese literature even claims that the plant can be used to make a man “stronger than ten bulls.” Whether this is true or not, I do not know.
The Legend of Sleepy-Time Tea: The story of how this plant came to be called “Sleepy-Time” tea is quite an interesting one.
A long time ago in China there lived a very cruel and ruthless emperor named Ching-Chong. Ching-Chong was feared by all for his ruthless and brutal tactics, even his own guards feared him. It was not uncommon for people to be executed for the most trivial of reasons, or sometimes even when no reason at all.
One day, Ching-Chong declared that he would bring back the ancient Chinese punishment of death by a thousand cuts. This was a particularly brutal and drawn-out form of punishment in which the convict was killed by having his skin slowly cut away in patches.
Ching-Chong had a gardener named Lee, who was particularly fond of growing strange and exotic herbs and vegetables. One day while Lee was out walking in the forest, he came across a patch of particularly unusual looking plants that he had never seen before.
He picked some of the leaves and took them back to his room to inspect them closer. On the leaves were some small writing which he was unable to read. He decided to take the herbs to Ching-Chong, perhaps he would know what they were.
When he arrived at the palace, Ching-Chong identified the herbs as coming from the lost island of Lilliput. He told Lee that the herbs were extremely dangerous, and that he should throw them away.
Lee, ever the polite and respectful servant, obeyed his master.
Later that night, Ching-Chong had terrible stomach cramps and diarrhea. The pain was so great, that he let out a scream…
Ching-Chong called for Lee and told him to get more of the lost island herbs, as he was in great need of relief from his pain.
Lee went to his room to get the herbs, but instead grabbed a handful of ground up bugs and some other random ingredients he found around the room. He made Ching-Chong a nice big batch of this mixture, and gave it to him as a medicine to help with his pain.
The emperor took one look at the concoction, and instantly felt better. Lee was hailed as a hero, and Ching-Chong made him his royal doctor from then on.
Ching-Chong eventually died of natural causes (for a change), but many still remember him to this day. For some odd reason, whenever someone is having a stomachache, they want Lee’s special tea. The mixture is now commonly referred to as Sleepy-Time Tea.
Addiction Rating: 1/5
There have been no cases of anyone or animal becoming addicted to the tea. It seems that most people can drink it whenever they like without any worry of developing a dependency on it. Those that do drink it on a regular basis, tend to have systems with strong stomachs.
Other than possibly getting a weakened immune system, there are no negative effects to drinking Sleepy-Time tea.
Sleepy-Time tea is made from the leaves of a plant that grows on the lost island of Lilliput. The plant is small enough that three can stand on top of each other and still not reach your knee. The island got it’s name from the fact that it is smaller than most people’s front yards, yet still has diverse plant and animal life.
The island was once owned by the British government.
Sources & references used in this article:
Foliar traits of jasmine plants intercropped in coconut by V Arunachalam, DVS Reddy – Agroforestry systems, 2007 – Springer
Colletotrichum species from Jasmine (Jasminum sambac) by S Wikee, L Cai, N Pairin, EHC McKenzie, YY Su… – Fungal Diversity, 2011 – Springer
Genetic diversity determination of jasmine species by DNA fingerprinting using molecular markers by S Shekhar, S Sriram, MP Prasad – International Journal of …, 2013 – ripublication.com