The USDA plant hardiness zones are divided into eight categories: hot, moderate, cool temperate, subtropical, arid and semiarid. These zones represent average temperatures at which plants grow best. Plants grown in certain areas will tolerate higher or lower temperatures than their neighbors. For example, a tree planted in a warm area may not survive long if it experiences extreme cold during winter months.
In addition to temperature, other factors such as soil type, rainfall and altitude affect how well a plant grows. Soil types include clay, sand and silt; these all have different effects on growing conditions. Sand is poor for most crops but good for some perennials like roses. Silt slows down growth while clay holds water better than either one alone. Soil types vary widely from region to region, so it’s important to know where your plants need to thrive.
Soil type affects the amount of light available to a plant. Some soils hold water better than others, so watering is easier in some places than in others. When choosing a site for planting, consider the soil type and drainage characteristics of each location.
Planting zones are based on averages and don’t reflect individual differences between locations. For example, according to the map, a planting zone of 8b runs from the southern tip of South Carolina all the way up to and beyond Columbia, which is in the central part of the state. But just because Columbia has a zone of 8b does not mean that you’ll grow oranges there.
In addition to temperature and soil types, climate is affected by many other factors such as precipitation, day length, cloud cover and wind speed. While you can’t control these factors, you can identify them through historical records kept by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
You can find a hardiness zone for any city or town in the US, or you can search by county or state. The tool also lets you compare locations to see which one is likely to have more favorable growing conditions. For example, the area in California that falls into the 8b zone is the southern part of the state, and this zone extends further north into Oregon.
You can also use this online tool to learn more about your current or future location to spot areas that might be better for certain crops. A comparison of average rainfall, temperature and humidity for Columbia show that the area around South Carolina State University has a slightly higher percentage of average rainfall than other parts of the city.
By comparing weather data for two or more locations, you can see how the different percentages affect the overall averages. For example, the city of Portland has an average annual rainfall that’s about 10% higher than Columbia’s. But since it doesn’t rain nearly as much in the summer months, you can predict that summer droughts will be more of a problem in the area.
You can also use this tool to compare the average minimum and maximum temperatures for different states.
The hardiness zones, soil composition and growing conditions for each state are all factors that you’ll want to keep in mind when choosing a location to grow your marijuana plants outdoors. Because of the possibility of mold or mildew, you should also avoid wet climates.
The amount of sunlight available to your plants is also an important factor. While most indoor grow lights are set to a wavelength of light that’s ideal for the plants, the amount of sunlight available to your plants outdoors varies based on location and season.
Your light and water bills will be less if you can find a place with low incidences of clouds and rain. The lighting conditions should also be taken into account when choosing a location. For some plants, more sunlight is better while for others, diffuse light works best.
Overwatering can sometimes be a problem in arid zones because water doesn’t evaporate as quickly.
The amount of sunlight, and the portion of the day it is available, fluctuates depending on the time of year. The tool offers a way to compare sunlight levels based on the month, so you’ll want to do your research for the specific area that you’re considering.
For example, the city of Columbia receives an average of 9.3 hours of sun in the month of December. But as you get further into summer the amount of sunlight available increases to 12.5 hours per day.
Both water and light are essential for healthy marijuana growth, so you’ll need to take these factors into account when considering your options for a location to start your outdoor grow op.
If you’re thinking about starting an outdoor grow op in your backyard, you should think about how often your neighbors can see your garden. Marijuana cultivation is illegal in most states and according to the federal government, so the more discretion you can practice, the better.
It’s important to remember that marijuana is a green plant and as such, it stands out when surrounded by other plants. For this reason, it’s best to choose a location that doesn’t have a lot of other vegetation around it.
You don’t want to stand out or call attention to yourself in any way. You also don’t want your plants to be easily visible from the street. While surrounding your grow op with other tall plants is likely to make it harder for someone to spot your marijuana plants from a distance, it is important not to overdo it.
This is because your plants will still need some sunlight and if they are surrounded by plants that grow too tall, then they might not get enough sunlight.
The tallest plants in your garden should probably be no taller than about four feet. This will ensure that they don’t block out too much sunlight from the shorter plants. For this reason, it is also a good idea to avoid growing indoors if you can.
Outdoor grow ops give the best sense of freedom because you’re not limited by electricity and can take advantage of natural sunlight. If you have your heart set on growing indoors, be sure to invest in a grow tent so that you can start small with less of a chance of getting caught.
Grow tents are easy to set up, all you have to do is hang it from the ceiling and then you can start planting your seeds and growing your plants.
These tents come with their own lighting systems so you don’t have to worry about investing in something more complicated. It also makes it easy to adjust the lighting as your plants grow and require more or less light.
Choose a Grow Tent
You can find grow tents at most garden supply stores or you can get them online. Just be sure that you choose one that is made from a durable material like the Mylar that’s found in some of the better-known grow tents.
These tents are made from a reflective material that helps to maximize the amount of sunlight that your plants can get.
Not only will this allow you to grow healthy marijuana plants, but it also makes it less likely that someone will be able to spot your grow op from the outside.
Choose the Right Spot
As we’ve already said, Marijuana is a green plant and as such, stands out when surrounded by other plants in the wild. This means that if you want to keep your outdoor grow op a secret from prying eyes, then you’ll need to choose a spot that isn’t likely to be disturbed.
Gardening stores often sell seeds that are meant to grow well in certain types of climates.
Take the time to research which types of plants and flowers grow best in your area. This will help ensure that your garden doesn’t stick out like a sore thumb.
You should also do some research on the types of trees and other vegetation that grow in your area. Avoid spots that are mostly devoid of vegetation. Instead, try to find areas that are covered with bushes, tall grasses or other types of plants that grow wild in your region.
You should avoid building your garden in areas that are known to get a lot of foot traffic. This includes parks, hiking trails and other places where people like to spend time outside.
Instead, try to find a more isolated spot that’s off the beaten path. This could be a patch of woods, a field or even a hilltop. It’s all about choosing a location that isn’t as likely to get visited by anyone other than you.
Of course, if you live some place like New York City, then your options are going to be a lot more limited. That’s fine, just try to pick the least populated and/or private spots whenever possible.
If you live in an apartment building or a home where your yard is shared, then it might be best to start off growing indoors until you can save up enough to buy your own place somewhere isolated.
Grow Marijuana From Seed
Some people like to buy marijuana plants that are ready to harvest. Others like to start their plants from seed.
It’s up to you which method you choose, but keep in mind that there is a greater risk of getting caught if you buy seeds online and try to have them shipped to your home.
There are plenty of places to obtain legitimate marijuana seeds, but be careful about going down the route of buying illegal seeds off of some guy selling them out of the back of his van at a concert.
Choose Your Strain
There are hundreds of different types of marijuana plants and each one has its own special list of characteristics and effects. While many of these strains are more mental, others are more physical.
Some make you hungry, while others are known to kill your appetite. Some put you into a deep sleep, while others keep you awake.
You could spend years trying different strains until you find the exact combination of effects that you’re looking for. The strain that you chose is going to play a big part in your overall experience, so choose wisely.
Remember, this isn’t like picking out the same type of weed from the corner drug dealer. You now get to choose from literally hundreds of types, all of which have different effects.
If you don’t have any particular type in mind, then try going online to find reviews for different types of marijuana. There are whole websites devoted to reviewing types of weed and their effects.
You can also find advice on which types of marijuana to use for certain ailments or for particular activities, such as working on a puzzle or playing video games.