What Is Indian Pipe Plant?
Indian pipe plant (Piper methysticum) is a type of fungus which grows under the soil. Its name comes from its habit of growing underground. There are many types of these fungi, but they all have one common characteristic: They produce their spores inside other fungi or bacteria. These spores then germinate and grow into new mushrooms, which are called mycelia. Mycelium is the term used to refer to the vegetative part of a mushroom.
The most famous species of this genus is Psilocybe cubensis, which is found in South America. The genus names come from the Latin word psilocin, meaning “magic” or “mysterious.” Other names include magic mushroom, sacred mushroom and sacred stone. Some people believe that these mushrooms contain powerful healing properties.
Indians have been using these mushrooms for centuries to cure various ailments. The medicinal use of these mushrooms dates back thousands of years, when the indigenous peoples of North America were using them for medicine. Today, some cultures still make use of the mushroom’s powers for spiritual purposes. For example, some Native American tribes consider certain kinds of mushrooms sacred and forbid anyone else from eating them except those who have received special permission from the tribe chief or shaman.
Some people use these mushrooms as an alternative to conventional medical treatment. They are used mainly for treating depression and other mental illnesses, as well as alcohol and drug addiction. Some users also believe that they can be used to treat cancer and AIDS. Unfortunately, there is no medical research to support these beliefs.
These mushrooms contain psychoactive chemicals called tryptamines. Their main psychoactive substance is psilocybin, which is known to cause hallucinations. Not much is known about the long-term effects of these mushrooms, although it is known that extended use can lead to severe depression. Some people report having flashbacks, or random moments of hallucination, for weeks after using the mushrooms.
The main active ingredient in these mushrooms is psilocybin, which was first identified by Albert Hofmann in 1958. Psilocybin is a prodrug, which means that it must be metabolized by the body before it can have an effect. When ingested, psilocybin is converted into psilocin, which is the compound that causes the psychoactive effects.
Psilocybin has a very low toxicity and the potential for recreational use is limited. It takes a relatively high dosage to experience the psychoactive effects, and these effects last up to six hours. Psilocybin is structurally similar to serotonin, and this is the reason that it is believed to cause hallucinations.
Terence McKenna was one of the most prominent advocates of the use of psilocybin mushrooms. He believed that these mushrooms could improve a person’s spiritual well-being and even hasten evolution. He claimed that when large groups of people ingested these mushrooms they had profound psychic experiences which unified them all in a sense of universal connectedness.
Other enthusiasts have claimed that psilocybin can be used to treat depression and other mental illnesses. However, the evidence that these mushrooms are effective for this is very limited. What’s more, the psychoactive effects of these mushrooms can be very unpredictable and unpleasant, so they are unlikely to be a viable treatment option in the future.
These mushrooms are banned throughout most of the world, with the exception of a few countries such as Mexico, where they are legal for religious groups. It is also legal to possess or grow psilocybin mushrooms in a few other countries. In the U.S., it is illegal to possess, produce or sell psilocybin mushrooms.
Psilocybin mushrooms are part of a group of fungi known as psilocybe, which is derived from the Greek word for bare. This refers to the fact that the spores of this fungi are not released from capsules, like other mushrooms.
There are more than 100 species of psilocybe, but only around a dozen of these contain significant amounts of psilocybin or psilocin. Four of these species are most commonly used for recreational purposes.
Most parts of the world have laws controlling the possession, use, production and sale of psilocybin mushrooms. For instance, it is illegal to possess or sell psilocybin mushrooms in the U.S. although they are still legal as a recreational drug in Jamaica.
However, in recent years there has been an increase in the use of these mushrooms throughout the world. This is because they have become very easy to obtain on the internet for use in entheogenic (spiritual) practices. In fact, it is not difficult to find forums online that provide information about how to grow psilocybin mushrooms.
How are psilocybin mushrooms used?
Psilocybin mushrooms can be eaten or brewed into a tea. They can also be dried and crushed into a powder, which can then be sprinkled on food. The effects of these mushrooms take around 30 minutes to an hour to kick in and can last for up to 6 hours.
If you are using fresh psilocybin mushrooms then 1 gram is a typical dose, but less is usually adequate. If you are using dried psilocybin mushrooms, then 2 to 3.5 grams is a typical dose. Larger doses do not provide a stronger experience, but can lead to a very uncomfortable experience including nausea and panic attacks.
It is recommended that you have a sober person with you while you are using these mushrooms, as you can find yourself in a bad situation if something goes wrong.
Psilocybin mushrooms have the potential to trigger psychotic episodes in people who are pre-disposed to psychosis. If you suffer from mental illness, it is recommended that you do not use these mushrooms.
What happens if you use too much?
If you use more than you intended to, you may experience an acute overdose of psilocybin. The effects of a serious overdose include:
Loss of coordination.
Nausea and vomiting.
Tremors or twitching.
Agitation or restlessness.
If you experience any of these symptoms, you should seek medical attention as soon as possible as you may also require treatment with benzodiazepines and antipsychotics.
What are the short-term side effects?
The majority of people that use psilocybin mushrooms don’t suffer any serious short-term side effects. However, there are some potential issues that you may experience shortly after taking the drug. These include:
Loss of appetite (nausea).
Severe stomach pains.
Sources & references used in this article:
Proving: Indian Pipe (Monotropa Uniflora) by M Norland, M Norland – 2011 – schoolofhealth.com
Soap bubbles, their colours and the forces which mold them by CV Boys – 1959 – books.google.com
The Top 10 fungal pathogens in molecular plant pathology by R Dean, JAL Van Kan, ZA Pretorius… – Molecular plant …, 2012 – Wiley Online Library