What Is Rose Picker’s Disease?
Rose picker’s disease (RPD) is a rare but serious bacterial infection caused by bacteria called Roseburia. RPD can occur anywhere in the body including the brain, heart, lungs, eyes and skin. There are several strains of R. baumannii that cause different types of infections in humans. Some strains are easily treatable with antibiotics while others may require hospitalization or even surgical removal of infected tissue.
Symptoms Of RPD
The most common symptom of R. baumannii infection is fever.
Other symptoms include headache, muscle aches, chills, fatigue and nausea. If left untreated, these symptoms can lead to shock and death. However, if treated promptly with antibiotics the illness usually clears up within two weeks without complications.
Treatment For R. baumannii Infection
Antibiotics are effective against many types of infections, however they do not cure them completely. Antibiotic treatments for R.
baumannii infection consist of three main components: 1) antibiotics that kill off all the harmful organisms; 2) drugs that weaken the organism so it cannot survive in your body anymore; and 3) drugs to prevent future infections from occurring.
Prevention Of RPD
If you have a fever or other symptoms of infection, see a doctor immediately. It is important to start treatment as soon as possible to prevent potentially life-threatening complications.
Due to the high rate of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, it is vital that only antibiotics approved by the CDC for that type of infection are used. These antibiotics should always be taken exactly as your physician prescribes and never shared with others.
Prognosis For R. baumannii Infections
The prognosis for an infection caused by R. baumannii is good if treated with proper antibiotics in a timely manner.
Without treatment, the mortality rate is nearly 100%, but only about 10% of people infected die from the illness. Many people do develop long-term complications, such as neurologic or cardiac problems, and require ongoing medical attention.
Is There A Vaccine?
Unfortunately, there is no vaccine to prevent R. baumannii infection at this time.
Prevention Of RPD: What can you do to prevent Rose Picker’s Disease?
There are several things you can do to prevent R. baumannii infection. First and foremost, wash your hands after touching plants or soil with possible R. baumannii contamination. Also, avoid contact with rodent feces as this is one of the primary ways the disease is contracted. Do not eat raw or undercooked meats. When handling rodents or other animals, wear gloves and avoid touching your face.
What is a thorn injury?
A thorn injury is a skin puncture wound caused by the penetration of one or more sharp foreign objects such as thorns, nails, splinters or glass fragments. Injuries vary in nature, from small superficial breaks in the skin to large deep puncture wounds with major internal trauma.
What causes a thorn injury?
Thorn injuries are caused by penetration of one or more sharp foreign objects into your skin. These can be nearly anything: thorns, nails, splinters, wood fragments, slivers, glass shards or even tiny pieces of metal. Most commonly, you will experience a thorn injury from thorns while working in a prickly bramble patch or rose thicket.
What are the symptoms of a thorn injury?
Thorn injuries are characterized by skin punctures, gashes or tears and deep cuts. The wound may be dry or wet. Some wounds will ooze a clear liquid while others will have tiny specks of blood around the area. You may experience pain immediately or you may not feel the injury until several hours afterwards as swelling develops and inflammation occurs. In more severe cases, you may also experience tingling, numbness or even a loss of feeling in the affected area.
What should you do for a thorn injury?
The first thing you should do is remove any obvious objects still embedded in the skin such as pieces of glass, wood or metal. Do not attempt to remove thorns or similar plant material as this may cause further damage and tear the wound open. The second thing you should do is wash and clean the area to avoid potential infection. The best way to do this is to gently wash the area with warm soapy water. If warm water is unavailable, rinse the lesion with bottled water (if available) and wipe it with a cloth or paper towel.
What first aid treatments can you use for a thorn injury?
There are many first aid treatments that can be used for treating a thorn injury such as: Anti-bacterial ointment to reduce the risk of infection.
Gauze and bandages to reduce bleeding and prevent loss of body fluid.
Over-the-counter pain medication such as Acetaminophen or Ibuprofen to reduce pain and fever. You can also take a pain reliever such as Paracetamol.
A tetanuss vaccine booster shot if you haven’t had one recently. While this isn’t a first aid treatment, it is something that is important to take care of as soon as possible.
Continue to watch for signs of infection such as redness, swelling, fever or discharge and seek professional medical help if you think it is necessary.
What are the survivalist recommendations?
The main survivalist recommendation for treating thorn injuries is to avoid them entirely by being careful when working amongst prickly plants. When this is not possible, wear protective clothing and gear such as gloves and long sleeve shirts to prevent injury. If you do get stuck, try to remove the thorns safely without jerking or twisting your body. If this is not possible or the object does not come out, follow the steps listed above to prevent infection and seek professional treatment if necissary.
How to identify a thorny plant?
There are several plants that fall under the category of “thorny”, including: Acacias, Agaves, Aloes, Feather Cactus, Huisache, Mesquites, Niggersheads, Prickly Pears, Torotees and Turk’s Turts. There are many species of cactii that have barbed prickles or spines. All of these plants are adapted to dry, arid conditions and most can be identified by their spines, which can be sharp or soft.
There are several types of cactii that can be found in different parts of the world. Most are adapted to dry conditions and have multiple adaptations such as thick skin, spikes and tiny hairs to protect themselves from hungry herbivores such as goats, sheep and rabbits.
Some cactii species can be eaten raw, but all should be boiled or roasted before eating to remove any toxins and to make them more palatable. The various parts of the cactii such as the flowers, stems, fruit, pods and roots are all edible.
Cactii can provide a nutritious diet when other food sources are not available, but it should only be eaten in small quantities and not on a regular basis as part of a balanced diet.
The spines of some cactii can also be used as fish hooks, the needles can be used as sewing material for underwear or socks and the plant’s juice can be used as glue.
Always ensure that the cactii you are collecting has spines and is not a prickly pear or some other plant that looks similar to a cactii. Some cactii also have edible fruit, so be sure to check before harvesting.
Do not consume any parts of the cactium that you are unsure about as some may be poisonous.
Always use caution when foraging for cactii. It is best to have someone with you who knows what they are doing or at least have a book about the various types of cactii and their uses.
The burrs, or burs, produced by plants in the genus “bur” such as the common hoptree, striped maple and others can also cause a lot of discomfort if they become attached to your clothing or skin. In some cases they can even become embedded and require medical attention to remove.
Some types of burrs such as those of the common hop tree can be hazardous if eaten, even requiring medical attention. Others, such as those of the green sida can be eaten and are even considered to be somewhat tasty.
Most burrs, like most thorns, will become embedded in your skin when you come into contact with them. When this happens they work their way deeper and deeper until they work themselves out of their own accord.
In the meantime they can cause a lot of pain and injury if you move around a lot or drag them along with you.
Sometimes it is possible to remove small burrs by pulling them straight out with your fingers, but for some, especially those deeply embedded, this can cause as much damage as leaving them in your skin. One way of removing a burr safely is to drag it over a piece of cloth or clothing as this can work the burr loose enough that it can be pulled out slowly and carefully.
You can also try pricking the burr with a fine hair or using tweezers or another similar tool to grasp it and then slowly remove it.
Another way to remove a burr is to slowly and carefully burn it off. To do this you you will need something that is not flammable as close to the skin as possible without burning you.
A layer of cloth, the edge of your pants, road flares or whatever else you may have that is safe to use. Gently apply the burning material to the burr and drag it around until the burr has burned up close enough to you for it to be easily removed. Be careful not to burn yourself or set anything else on fire.
This technique can also be used to remove splinters, small bones, pieces of glass and other small sharp objects embedded in your skin by dragging the flame slowly over the affected area until the object burns its way out.
If you do not have anything that is safe to burn immediately next to your skin, you can still create a small fire and move it slowly over your skin. However this is not recommended as it is more likely to cause a burn than if you used something safe to burn and moved it slowly.
Also be aware that once the foreign object has started to burn it may begin to burn deeper into the skin causing more damage, so removing it as quickly as possible is the best option.
When changing bandages that are covering a wound, it is important to keep the wound clean and free of dirt, dust and other debris that may get inside. It is best to do this in a location where the ground is fairly smooth or has a solid sheet of material laid on it.
This will help prevent injury from occurring to the person changing the dressing as well as preventing the dislodgement of any foreign objects that may be in the wound.
Small pieces of debris can become embedded in the wound and if left there, can cause serious infection over time. It is important to check every time you change a wound dressing that no small pieces of gravel, dirt or other objects have become lodged inside.
This is especially important in the case of a puncture, wound where foreign objects can easily become embedded under the skin.
One of the safest ways to check for small objects that may have become dislodged is to lay the injured person down on their back and slowly drag your hands over the entire area being checked, paying close attention to areas that are tender or have lumps in them.
If you find anything that feels like a small stone, grain of sand or bit of glass, it can usually be removed by gently rubbing your finger over it to free it from the top layer of skin and then carefully sliding a finger under the skin and out the other side to lift it out.
Other larger objects may require other techniques.
Lifting out objects that are deeply embedded in a wound can be extremely dangerous as it is possible to further damage the tissues or even break bones if you attempt to do it without the proper knowledge and tools.
This type of procedure can easily turn an otherwise simple injury into a life threatening situation.
However, if the object is somewhat shallow or you know what to expect when you attempt to remove it, then there are several methods that can be used.
Most objects that are in a person’s skin fall into two general categories:
Those that are under the top layer of skin but not deeply embedded. Those that have gone all the way through the top layer of skin and may or may not be embedded further into the tissues below.
The first type is fairly easy to remove. Gently clean the area around the object and then carefully lift it out using a pair of tweezers.
Avoid pulling on or lifting the skin too much as this will cause unnecessary stretching and make the object more likely to break off or become embedded further into the skin.
When lifting out the object, if it feels like it is becoming lodged in the skin, do not attempt to jerk it free. This may cause the object to break off and become even more deeply embedded.
Gently wiggle and pull on the tweezers while checking to see if you are lifting the object out at the same time.
If it appears that part of the object has broken off and is still embedded, do not try to remove what is left as this may cause more problems. Instead, allow the person to seek medical attention as soon as possible.
The second type of object is a little more difficult to deal with since you cannot be certain that all of it has been removed.
Surround the area with a clean dry sterile cloth or bandage to prevent the spread of infection and do not attempt to remove the object unless it has been at least two weeks since the initial injury.
Place a small amount of disinfectant around the wound, then carefully incise (cut) the skin around the wound so that it opens up enough to see what is going on inside.
When you have visual access, look carefully at what is in there without moving anything around. If you see a glint of metal, a wood fragment or something similar, carefully try to remove it using the same basic guidelines as above.
It is also possible you might not see anything at all and this can happen with certain types of objects (skin, hair and other organic materials can bond with the object and conceal it from view).
When you are satisfied that you have removed anything that is there, clean out the wound thoroughly and apply a clean dry bandage. If you see no sign of the object after several attempts, seek medical attention as you may not have found it all.
If any part of the object breaks off and remains in the wound, this too must be removed if possible or else it can cause severe problems so once again, seek medical attention.
Note: Do not try to dig around inside the wound with anything other than your fingers. This can damage tissue and move the object into even less accessible areas.
The third type of object is perhaps the most dangerous since you do not know what it is made of or how it is interacting with the body.
Clean the area around the object using a clean cloth and seek immediate medical attention. The person may need surgery to have the object removed.
The fourth and last type of object is the most difficult to deal with since it is inside the eye itself.
At this point seek medical attention immediately since any attempt at self-treatment may result in making the situation a lot worse.
If you are far enough from medical help, try cooling the eye (never put anything cold or hot into the eye itself, but hold a cloth cooled in cold water against the injury area) and seek medical attention as soon as possible.
When you reach medical help, they will be able to tell if the object can be easily removed or if surgery will be necessary to remove it.
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Sources & references used in this article:
Irritant contact dermatitis from plants by GM Modi, CB Doherty, R Katta, IF Orengo – Dermatitis, 2009 – journals.lww.com
Unravelling Rose Rosette© by M Windham – Proceedings of the 2014 Annual Meeting of the …, 2014 – actahort.org
Bacterial modulins: a novel class of virulence factors which cause host tissue pathology by inducing cytokine synthesis. by B Henderson, S Poole, M Wilson – Microbiological reviews, 1996 – Am Soc Microbiol
Stripping thorns from rose stems by AF Jensen – US Patent 5,651,212, 1997 – Google Patents