Information About Witch Finger Grape Vine Facts: Information About Witches Finger Grapes
Witch Finger Grape Plant Facts:
The plant name “witch” refers to its shape. Its leaves are pointed and it looks like a witch’s broomstick. The vine bears white flowers with red berries, which are eaten fresh or dried for use in salads and soups.
There are many different varieties of witches finger vines, but they all have the same characteristics. They grow from a single stem up to five feet tall.
They are native to North America and they were introduced into Europe during the Middle Ages. Some of them survived the Black Death (1350-1400) and the Spanish Inquisition (15th century). A few of these vines still survive today in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Italy, France and Spain.
There are two types of witches finger vines, the long-stemmed type and the short-stemmed type. Both types produce fruit, but only one variety produces wine. The longer-stemmed variety is called “long witch finger” because it grows from a stalk over six feet high.
The shorter-stemmed variety is called “short witch finger” because it grows from a stalk under three feet high.
The short-stemmed type was the original grape, but it was bred into different sizes by monks in the Middle Ages. It is the short-stemmed variety that survived the Black Death and the Spanish Inquisition.
Witch finger vines are very adaptable to a wide range of soils and weather conditions. They grow best in fertile, well-drained soil with a slightly acidic pH. They need a lot of nutrients and organic matter in the soil to grow well.
They grow best in full sun, but can survive in part shade. They do not grow well in heavy clay soil or sand. They are highly sensitive to frost, so they need to be planted where they are protected from late spring frosts.
The short-stemmed variety is more resistant to cold than the long-stemmed variety. It grows wild in dry riverbeds and will also grow along the edges of forests.
You can grow short-stemmed witches finger vines in containers if they are container grown. They need a deep pot, at least 15 inches deep. You will have to stake the plant when it grows larger or the wind blows it over.
You can also grow long-stemmed witches finger vines in large containers.
The long-stemmed variety can also be trained up trees or posts. They need a support structure as they get larger. They also need to be staked.
Witch finger vines do well in climates with cool summers and mild winters or hot summers and mild winters. They can survive frost, but if there is an extremely cold winter they will freeze and die. There are some varieties that are frost tolerant, but not as resistant to frost as European grapes (Vitis vinifera).
You can harvest short-stemmed witches finger grapes as soon as they turn a light purple color. The longer you leave them on the vine, the sweeter they will get. You should pick them before the first frost in the fall.
They do not always survive a frost and will die back to the roots. Cut off all of the leaves and wait until spring to see if it comes back. Long-stemmed witches finger grapes take longer to ripen and need to be left on the vine until they are a deep purple color. Some varieties of long-stemmed witches finger grapes have seeds, while others are seedless.
Witch finger grape vines do not need large amounts of fertilizer. If the soil is deficient in nitrogen, they may not produce as much foliage or fruit.
Witch finger vines are susceptible to the same diseases as other varieties of grapes.
Witch finger vines can be grown from seed, but the seeds have a low germination rate. It is best to buy seedlings.
The short-stemmed variety of witch finger grapes are more resistant to powdery mildew. Powdery mildew can be a problem in areas with high humidity or light rainfall. Long-stemmed varieties are more susceptible to this disease.
They are also susceptible to downy mildew and phomopsis blight.
Witch finger vines have few insect or disease problems when planted in an area that does not have an overabundance of competing vegetation. They can suffer damage from animals such as deer or rabbits that like to eat the foliage.
Witch finger vines are susceptible to the vine mealy bug. This is a small, light brown, flat insect that looks like a mealybug. It secretes a white, cottony wax substance around itself as it feeds on the inside of the vine.
This clogs the vascular system and slowly kills the vine. It is difficult to control this pest unless you use an insecticide that is applied directly to the plants and soil. If you have vine mealy bugs, you may also have problems with other insects and diseases.
The short-stemmed witch finger variety is more resistant to vine mealy bugs. If you live in an area where the long-stemmed variety does well, it can still be grown without high numbers of vine mealy bugs if you keep the area around the roots free of competing weeds and grasses. You can also put a layer of plastic around the base of the vine to keep grass and weeds from growing up and around the vines.
This is one of the oldest known domesticated grapes. It has been cultivated in the Middle East for at least 5,000 years.
The name “Witch” comes from an old German word that means “curved” or “twisted”. This variety was so-named because it was often used in witches’ brews.
Wine made from this variety of grape has historically been used as a contraceptive. It has also been used to treat kidney and liver problems.
The “long” in the name comes from the long season of ripening in which the grapes are left on the vine. They start out green and turn red as they ripen.
“Long” is sometimes used to describe the vine as well. It can reach upwards of 25′ and needs sturdy support.
The long-stemmed witch finger variety was brought to America by the early colonists.
The long-stemmed witch finger grapes are the most popular form of this fruit in the US.
Wine made from this type of grape is deep red with a hint of purple.
The long-stemmed witch finger variety is less susceptible to vine mealy bugs than the short-stemmed variety. This makes it a better choice if you live in an area where vine mealy bugs are a problem.
Witches’ broom disease causes the berries on the vine to swell into a large, twisted mass. The berries tend to be small and seedy but are often used to make wine.
The long-stemmed witch finger variety is susceptible to powdery mildew. This is a fungal disease that causes a powdery white coating over the leaves, stems, and berries. It may prevent the berries from ripening properly.
It can be prevented by using proper mulching and pruning techniques.
Also known as the Isabella grape, this is a black-skinned, green-fleshed hybrid. It was created in 1934 by a grower from Fresno, California. It is much hardier than other grapes and is able to withstand temperatures as low as twenty below zero.
The Isabella (long-stemmed) has one major drawback. It has very little natural resistance to fungus or disease of any kind.
Sources & references used in this article:
Halloween: An american holiday, an american history by L Bannatyne – 1998 – books.google.com
The Facts of Life: A Novel by MA Murray – 2019 – Good Press
Witch Hunt: The History of Persecution by G Joyce – 2003 – books.google.com
The book of useless information by N Cawthorne – 2003 – books.google.com
The Functions of Folklore in Charles Chesnutt’s” The Conjure Women” by N Botham – 2006 – books.google.com
The magician, the witch, and the law by R Hemenway – Journal of the Folklore Institute, 1976 – JSTOR
Dionysus and the Witches’ Sabbath in Merezhkovsky’s” The Romance of Leonardo da Vinci” by M Murray – 2019 – e-artnow
The Witch of Plum Hollow by E Peters – 1978 – books.google.com