Arbor’sculpture Garden (AG) means “artistic landscape”. It is a type of garden which consists of sculpted or carved trees and other plants. These gardens are usually located near the homes, where they serve as places for relaxation and contemplation. There are many different types of arborsculptures. Some have only one tree; others may include several trees with varying heights, shapes, colors and sizes. Trees are often placed in groups such as oaks, maples, birch trees and spruces. The most common type of arborsculpture is known as a “tree forest”, in which there are large numbers of trees arranged around a central clearing. Other varieties include those with smaller groups of trees, like a maple grove or a cedar woodland.
The word Arbor comes from the Latin arborem, meaning “wood” or “trunk”. The term was first used in English in 1692 by John Evelyn, a botanist at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. In 1806 it was coined by William Hogarth and applied to woodcuts of trees and shrubs. By the early 20th century it had become popularly associated with carving trees into sculptures.
The first known artistic representations of tree shaping began after the invention of photography. Before this, paintings and drawings served as a way to portray nature. The German artist Ernst Hildebrandt was one of the first known artist to shape trees for aesthetic purposes after inventing a method for growing trees into shapes. After this time, arborsculpting became an art form in which people would grow and carve trees for visual aesthetic appeal.
Sources & references used in this article:
Variability of approaches to arborsculptures by OO Smolina – IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and …, 2019 – iopscience.iop.org
Architecture and planning in arrangement of bionic pieces in modern urban landscape by OO Smolina – IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and …, 2019 – iopscience.iop.org
Tree Shaping by A sycamore stool grown by Dr, C Cattle – mediv.dp.ua
BIOTECTURE—A New Framework to Approach Buildings and Structures for Green Campus Design by K Chithra, KA Krishnan – Implementing Campus Greening Initiatives, 2015 – Springer
The potential of living willow structures in the landscape by J Krubsack, A Erlandson
The” Green Architecture” Definition Development in Modern Projecting and Building by B Gale – 2011 – wierzbamalopolska.eastwind.kei.pl
Using nature in architecture: Building a living house with mycelium and trees by K Katola, B Goy – Środowisko Mieszkaniowe, 2015 – yadda.icm.edu.pl