What are White Spikes?
White spines are not actually spikes but rather small white spots or streaks on the surface of the tomato plant’s leaves. They may appear anywhere along the leaf surface from light gray to black, but they’re most common at their tips. When these spots become larger than 1/4 inch (6 mm) in diameter, it means that there is a problem with the leaves themselves. These spots may also appear on other parts of the plant, such as the fruit, stems and flowers.
How do You Know If Your Leaves Are Infected With White Spores?
If you see white spore growth on your leaves, then yes, you have probably been infected with white spores. However, if you don’t see any white spore growth on your leaves yet and they look healthy to you right now; chances are that they will soon start showing signs of infection.
When Does White Spores Start Showing Up?
The first sign of white spore infection is when the spots begin appearing on the top of the leaves. Then, over time, they spread downward into the lower part of the leaves. Eventually, they reach all parts of your plant and eventually cover them completely. This usually happens within a few weeks after you notice white spots starting to appear on your plants.
What are the other Things That Cause Leaves to Appear White?
There are other things that can cause leaves to appear white. However, if you notice any of these signs, your plant still has a serious problem. It is best to remove these white leaves as soon as you see them, just in case. Of course, don’t blame yourself if you find out that you’ve been growing a diseased plant all this time.
1. Lack Of Sunlight
If your plants are not getting enough sunlight, their leaves will appear pale and weak. This will cause them to be more susceptible to attacks by bugs and mold. So make sure your tomato plants get enough sunlight every day.
Also, check their leaves regularly for any signs of mold or fungus.
2. Bacterial Blight
Bacterial Blight is a common tomato plant disease that causes the leaves to turn yellow and begin to die. If you see yellows leaves with dark spots on them, chances are your plant has this disease.
What Should You Do If You Suspect Your Plant Has White Spores?
The first thing to do is to give your tomato plants the best growing conditions possible. They should have enough sunlight and they should be planted in good quality soil. Make sure you water them regularly and fertilize them as needed as well.
The second thing to do is to keep your eyes open. If you notice anything unusual about your plants, investigate it. For example, if you see little bumps starting to grow on the stems of your plants, these could be primordia.
Primordia are growths that eventually turn into either flowers or tomatoes. However, if you see yellow pustules (bumps) on these growths, you should remove the plant as soon as possible. This is because they’re actually a type of fungus called Cytospora, and it can easily spread to other parts of your garden.
In short, keep your garden clean and remove anything that seems sick or strange. If you do this then you’ll be able to avoid the disease in your garden.
7 Ways to Keep Your Tomatoes and Other Plants Healthy
These are some of the most important things you can do to keep your tomatoes (and other plants) healthy.
1. Give Them Enough Room
It is best to give plant roots enough room in the pot to grow. Crowding them causes weak growth and then diseases become easily able to infect them. This is true for all plants, not just tomatoes and other food plants.
2. Use Good Soil Mixture
Use a mixture of manure, loam, and ashes. This provides nutrients for plant roots and prevents them from drying out.
3. Use Fertilizer
Tomatoes need a lot of nutrients to grow properly. It is best to use a good fertilizer that supplies a lot of these nutrients every time you water your plants. Then, make sure you water your tomatoes regularly so that the fertilizer can be absorbed by their roots.
4. Space Your Tomatoes Apart
Space your tomatoes apart so that they have enough room to grow. Also, be sure to leave enough space between these and other plants so that the roots don’t entangle with other plants’. This prevents the spread of diseases between them.
5. Watch For Disease
If you see anything wrong with your plants, such as discoloration of the leaves or spots, it is best to remove the plant immediately and examine the soil. You may need to replace it with new soil mixture and then burn everything that was infected.
6. Transplant Tomatoes Early
It is best to transplant your tomato seedlings early. This allows them to become healthy and strong before the hot weather arrives. This is an added protection against any diseases that may come.
7. Choose Strong Healthy Plants
Choose the healthiest seedlings to plant. The weaker ones are more prone to getting sick.
What Should You Do If Your Garden Gets White Mold or Dieback?
White mold or dieback is caused by a lack of water in the soil. It will start at the bottom and move up, eventually killing the entire plant. To fix this problem, remove all of the soil from your plants and throw it away. Then, soak the bed with water until it is soaked through. After that, refill the beds with fresh soil.
This is one of the easiest problems to take care of.
How to Collect and Store the Produce
After your tomatoes are red and ripe, you can pick them and use them or you can store them for later use. Pick your fruits by hand using gloves or cut them off using scissors. Put them in a box in a dark place with low temperature for two to three weeks, shaking them every few days.
This will allow the skin to become softer and make them easier to process when you are ready to use or eat them.
Then, you can either cook the fruits like normal or remove their skin and seeds first using a sieve and your hands. This can be done by putting the fruits in cold water mixed with a bit of salt and vinegar. Let this sit for about an hour before pouring the water out.
Then, you can take the fruits out one by one and finish removing the skin and the seeds. You can then either cook them or store them for later use.
Now that you have learned how to grow your own tomatoes in a greenhouse, what are you waiting for?
Start planting today so that you can enjoy fresh produce all year long!
Other Types of Greenhouses
Although the lean-to greenhouse is the most common type, there are other types that you can choose from depending on what you would like to grow and how much cash you are willing to spend. The types of greenhouses that you can build include:
1. Geodesic Greenhouse
The geodesic greenhouse is the modern and most efficient type of greenhouse to date. It uses a sturdy framework made of aluminum with a plastic covering. This covering makes use of the minimum amount of plastic to give the plants just the right amount of sunlight while keeping out as much rain as possible.
2. Hoop House
The hoop house is made up of PVC pipes that are put into the ground with hoops attached at the top. Fabric is then attached to the hoops to create a greenhouse-like covering. These are easy and cheap to make and can be found online if you’re willing to do a little research.
3. A-Frame Greenhouse
The A-frame greenhouse consists of two rectangular roofs that join at one corner to form a triangle. The height of the triangle is equal to the length of the base. These are often made of wood and can either have solid walls or be double walled with air space in between for insulation.
4. Lean-To Greenhouse
Also known as a lean-to apothecary, this greenhouse is shaped like an “A” with the open side facing the south for maximum sunlight exposure and the long side of the “A” attached to a house or another building. This type of greenhouse requires the least amount of maintenance and can be made more cheaply since it only uses one wall of the building it is attached to.
5. Bell Greenhouse
The bell greenhouse consists of two hinged roof sections that form a bell shape. This type is used more in warmer climates where the ability to work during the night is crucial. The frames and coverings can be made of wood, iron, or PVC pipes and plastic sheeting.
6. Geometric Greenhouse
The geometric greenhouse is a complex type of greenhouse that uses various shapes to create an entire wall of glass. These are often used in public parks, schools, university gardens, and similar locations where the public can see just how beautiful a garden can be.
7. Hoop Cell Greenhouse
The hoop cell greenhouse is a simple and effective way of maximizing space inside a greenhouse while still allowing the plants enough sunlight. It consists of PVC pipes set up in rows that hold up to six plants that dangle down from the pipe. The entire system can be placed on shelves that can be adjusted accordingly.
8. Lean-To Greenhouse With Raised Bed
The lean-to greenhouse with raised beds is a fairly simple design that is perfect for people who want to start a serious vegetable or flower garden. The lean-to greenhouse provides enough space for starting seeds and young plants in the Spring and allows them to be transplanted into the raised bed as they grow. The soil in the raised bed should be fertile, loose, and well-draining.
When building the lean-to greenhouse, the angle of the roof should be no steeper than 35 degrees to provide adequate shading. The sides of the greenhouse can be of any height but should not be any longer than 8 ft because any longer and the ends will begin to weaken and sag.
9. Lean-To Greenhouse With Raised Bed And Roof Buttresses
The lean-to greenhouse with raised beds and roof buttresses is the most common type of home greenhouse. This is because it uses a simple design that is easy to build, provides plenty of space for plants, and can easily be attached to the house itself. The addition of buttresses along the length of the roof adds sturdiness without taking away too much space inside the greenhouse.
10. Polytunnel Greenhouse
The polytunnel greenhouse is a simple and effective design that consists of a rectangular base with a sloping roof. The entire thing is supported by four hoops made out of PVC piping and covered with plastic sheeting. While this type of greenhouse does not provide as much headroom as other designs, it allows for simple heating since the sun’s rays stay trapped inside.
11. Quonset Greenhouse
The Quonset greenhouse resembles a rounded-off Quonset hut and is built using galvanized steel tubing as uprights and then covering this with plastic sheeting or other materials for a roof. The benefit of this type of greenhouse is that it uses a lot of material that can be purchased locally, its design is simple enough to be built by most people, and it is very cost-effective when compared to other greenhouses.
12. Obelisk Greenhouse
The obelisk greenhouse is a simple design that uses aluminum pipe for the uprights and stretches the plastic covering all the way from the base to the top of the structure. This type of greenhouse does not allow for much headroom but it makes good use of materials and can be built without any cuts in the pipes – something that many other designs cannot boast.
Greenhouse Garden Plans: The Best Of Greenhouses
The best greenhouses are the ones that you can build yourself because these are the ones that you will take care of and use properly. Greenhouse garden plans can seem overwhelming at first but they really aren’t that difficult to put together. Any person who is moderately handy and has a basic knowledge of construction should be able to handle it.
Once the greenhouse is built, it should last for a very long time and serve your gardening needs for years to come.
Using Greenhouse Garden Plans To Your Benefit
Once you have greenhouse garden plans, you can begin to look for a good spot to build your new greenhouse. It is best to place your greenhouse in a secluded area away from the prying eyes of neighbors and passer-bys because the inside of a greenhouse tends to be much brighter and more colorful than the average backyard. The last thing that you want is for people to start asking questions that you are unable to answer!
Greenhouse garden plans can be used for a number of things. If you are into growing fruit and vegetables, then the greenhouse will be perfect for you. These plans will also work if you want to start growing orchids, carnivorous plants, or any other type of plant that requires extra warmth and care.
Although the main use of most greenhouses is to grow plants, it does not mean that you cannot use yours for other purposes as well. Many people enjoy spending time in their greenhouse reading, relaxing, or even sleeping because the environment is much warmer and more comfortable than outside.
Other Types of Greenhouses
If you don’t want to build a traditional greenhouse, then there are other options. If you have enough money, you can buy or rent a geodesic dome and cover it with plastic. These structures come with their own set of benefits and issues.
While a geodesic dome will keep the rain out, they are not as good at keeping the heat in as a standard greenhouse. They are also not as durable as a greenhouse and may need to be repaired or replaced more often.
If you are looking to save money or do not have much space, there are other options available to you. These include wood frame greenhouses, lath and plaster frame greenhouses, or hoop houses. Each of these have their own benefits and can be easily found online or in your local nursery if you look hard enough.
Sources & references used in this article:
Plant health care: growing tomatoes by D Whiting, C Wilson, C O’Meara – Gardening series. Colorado …, 2003 – mountainscholar.org
The tomato in America: early history, culture, and cookery by AF Smith – 2001 – books.google.com
Vegetables: growing tomatoes in home gardens by CJ Male, K Whealy – 1999 – Workman Publishing
The chimeric repressor version of an Ethylene Response Factor (ERF) family member, Sl‐ERF.B3, shows contrasting effects on tomato fruit ripening by CH Daniels, GR Fredricks, J Cowan – 2014 – research.libraries.wsu.edu
Characterizing Colonization Patterns of Clavibacter michiganensis During Infection of Tolerant Wild Solanum Species by M Liu, G Diretto, J Pirrello, JP Roustan, Z Li… – New …, 2014 – Wiley Online Library