The following information is provided for informational purposes only. You should not use these seeds or any part thereof in your own cultivation projects without first obtaining a license from the appropriate authorities.
Collecting flower seeds: How and when to harvest garden seeds?
When it comes to gardening, there are two types of plants that grow naturally in gardens: those that require water and those that do not. Flowers are one type of plant that produces seeds. There are many different kinds of flowers that produce various kinds of seeds. Some varieties produce fewer than ten seeds while others may yield up to several hundred thousand! Most gardeners have no idea what kind of flower they have just picked because most gardeners don’t keep track of their collections.
Flower collectors, however, are very good at identifying which flowers have seeds and which ones do not. They also know how to tell if a particular variety of flower is going to produce a certain number of seeds. One way that they identify whether or not a flower will produce seeds is by looking at the color of the petals. If the flower is dark purple, for example, chances are it’s going to produce seeds.
Flower collectors usually gather the seeds whenever it starts to wither or during autumn. Another way of gathering seeds is by waiting until the flower has been pollinated and then allows it to naturally dry out before picking the seeds. During the process of harvesting seeds, you have to be careful not to damage them because you will need them for next year’s crop.
Flower seeds can be stored for up to a year in a cool, dry and dark place. You can also put them in a special seed bank where you can store them for up to several years. Before using the seeds for next year’s crop, make sure that they have not become infested by weevils or molds. Check by looking at the seeds under a lens or magnifying glass.
If you see anything that looks like a bug or mold, discard the seeds.
Flower seeds have different varieties and each of these varieties produce a different color when they bloom. Even closely related flowers produce very different colors when it comes to their blooms. There are also some flowers that produce the same color when they bloom.
Sources & references used in this article:
A question of origin: where and how to collect seed for ecological restoration by M Rogers – 1990 – Storey Publishing
Seed to seed: Seed saving and growing techniques for vegetable gardeners by K Vander Mijnsbrugge, A Bischoff, B Smith – Basic and Applied Ecology, 2010 – Elsevier
Collecting and handling seeds of wild plants by S Ashworth – 2002 – books.google.com
Restoration of magnesian limestone grassland: optimizing the time for seed collection by vacuum harvesting by NT Mirov, CJ Kraebel – 1939 – books.google.com
Rapid regulation of light harvesting and plant fitness in the field by JD Riley, IW Craft, DL Rimmer, RS Smith – Restoration Ecology, 2004 – Wiley Online Library