The first thing to understand is that a pomegranate tree needs sunlight to grow. If the soil is too dry or if there are no trees nearby, then the tree will not get enough light. Soil moisture content (Moisture Content) is one of the most important factors affecting plant growth and development. Moisture content is measured in parts per million (ppm). When the soil moisture content is less than 15 ppm, plants cannot survive. But when the soil moisture content reaches 30–40 ppm, plants may begin to grow and develop normally. Soil moisture content of 50–60 ppm is considered optimal for growing pomegranates. The higher the Moisture Content, the faster the plant grows and develops better.
When you have a pomegranate tree in your garden, you need to ensure that the soil moisture content is at least 30–40 ppm. You can do this by using drip irrigation system or even with regular watering. However, it is very difficult to maintain the soil moisture content of 60–70 ppm for long periods of time. This is because pomegranate roots require constant water supply to grow and develop properly. Drip irrigation is actually a system of tubing, valves, and emitters that deliver water directly to the base of the plants.
This has been found to be more effective than using sprinklers or other such equipment.
If you are determined to plant a pomegranate tree in your yard, it is best if you hire a professional arborist or gardener. Arborists and gardeners have years of experience in growing and maintaining flowers, shrubs, and trees. You can also choose to buy pomegranate cuttings from a nursery instead of growing from seeds. Nurseries all around the world provide top quality pomegranate cuttings to customers who want to grow them in their gardens. You can get these cuttings in your local nursery or online.
Many people order pomegranate cuttings online and have them shipped to their house. This is convenient if you do not have a nursery close by. If you do not feel like planting a tree at your property, then you can consider planting pomegranate bushes. They grow just as well as the big trees if you take care of them.
You need to create an area in your yard where the root system will not encounter any underground obstacles, such as pipes or concrete. Dig a hole three times wider and deep than the size of the pomegranate cutting that you are going to plant. Fill the bottom of the hole with a mixture of organic matter and topsoil. You can also plant the pomegranate cutting in already established garden beds if you have them. Pomegranates need a lot of space to grow so it is best if you plant them in their permanent locations right away.
If you are planting your pomegranate tree in a hole that you have dug, make sure that the bottom of the hole is below the original soil line. This prevents the plant’s roots from escaping out of the bottom of the hole.
Carefully place your pomegranate cutting in the hole. It should be at least a few inches below the soil line. After placing the cutting in the ground, fill in the hole with dirt and tamp it down firmly. Water the plant well and keep an eye on it for a period of a few days. The first two or three winters will be crucial for your pomegranate tree.
It is important that you keep the trees well hydrated during these first few winters.
After the third winter, your pomegranate tree should be well rooted in the soil and ready to survive on its own. At this point, you should stop babying it like you have been doing so for a few years and let it grow naturally.
Before You Start:
Prepare the location where you are going to plant the pomegranate tree by digging a hole that is 3 times as wide and deep as the root ball. The bottom of the hole should be lined with a 1 foot layer of compost.
Remove the tree from its pot. Cut the root ball so that it is about 2 feet in diameter and remove any dead or damaged roots. Place the tree in the center of the hole so that the base of the tree is at the same level as the surrounding ground.
After positioning the tree in the center of the hole, backfill with soil and firm gently. Water thoroughly immediately after planting.
Watering Your Young Pomegranate Tree
Your young pomegranate tree is going to require a lot of water during its first couple years. Be sure to water your tree at least twice per week. If there is not enough rain in your area, you will have to manually water your tree. When watering, make sure you are using room temperature water (cold water can actually shock the plant). It is also a good idea to use some type of water holding crystals, such as those used with house plants, in your newly planted hole.
This will ensure that your pomegranate tree has the necessary water it needs.
Fertilizing Your Pomegranate Tree
During the first two years of growth, it is important that your pomegranate tree is fed at least twice per month. Use a general purpose fertilizer. Follow the instructions on the package for proper application.
After the first two years, your tree will only need to be fertilized once per month during the growing season (when it is actively growing).
Pruning Your Pomegranate Tree
Your pomegranate tree will normally not require pruning unless it is getting too large for its growing area. If this is the case, you can prune the tree back in order to control its size and shape.
Unfortunately, your new pomegranate tree will probably experience some type of pest or disease at some point. If this occurs, you can generally treat it yourself or remove the tree and get a new one (it happens sometimes when you’re first starting out).
Here are some common issues that can occur with pomegranate trees:
Powdery Mildew : This is one of the more common diseases that affect pomegranates. It appears as a white powdery substance on the surface of the plant. This is a fungal disease and should be treated immediately with a fungicide.
Leaves with Small Holes : This is usually due to some type of insect boring into the leaves (thus creating small holes). The insects themselves are very small and difficult to locate. You can spray the tree with an insecticide but it must be done several times per year until all of the insects are gone.
Pruning Leaves with Multiple Small Holes : This is a sign that you have some type of insect that is boring into the leaves and creating multiple small exit holes. In addition, these insects are also laying eggs on the underside of the leaves which are causing more damage when the eggs hatch. This process can create a lot of damage very quickly. If this is occurring, you will need to carefully remove the affected leaves and then treat the tree with an insecticide.
This concludes everything that you should need to know in order to grow a pomegranate tree from a seed. It can be a long process but the benefits are well worth the wait!
If you have any comments or suggestions, please feel free to leave them in the comment section below.
Sources & references used in this article:
Rooting response of five pomegranate varieties to indole butyric acid concentration and cuttings age. by SJ Owais – Pakistan journal of biological sciences: PJBS, 2010 – europepmc.org
The effect of different mediums and cuttings on growth and rooting of pomegranate cuttings by L Alikhani, K Ansari, M JAMNEJAD, Z Tabatabaie – 2011 – sid.ir
Standardization of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) propagation through cuttings by N Sharma, R Anand, D Kumar – Biological Forum–An International Journal, 2009 – Citeseer
Effect of IBA concentrations on the rooting of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) cv. Ganesh hardwood cuttings under mist house condition by KK Singh – Plant Archives, 2014 – pdfs.semanticscholar.org