Top 5 Plants for Rocky Soil:
1) Ginkgo Biloba (Ginko biloba)
The gingko tree is one of the most popular trees that grows in rocky soil. It is native to China and Japan. Its leaves are dark green with white spots on them.
The bark is smooth and shiny, but it does not have any sharp points or edges. It produces large round fruits which are red and juicy. The fruit is edible when ripe, but the seeds are bitter and toxic if eaten raw. The leaves contain a mild laxative effect. The leaves can be used fresh or dried. They make great tea, they can also be used as a substitute for coffee in cooking.
2) Ficus benjamina (Ficus benjamina)
The ficus tree is native to Brazil and India. It grows up to 10 feet tall and can reach 50 feet in height. The branches are straight and slender, while the trunk is broad at the base.
The leaves are small, oval shaped, light green with five petals. The flowers bloom from March through June and produce a yellowish purple flower cluster called an inflorescence. The ficus plant is poisonous if ingested. It can be used for ornamental purposes or in herbal medicine.
3) Olive (Olea europaea)
The tree is native to the mediterranean region of Europe. It can withstand temperatures up to -28 degrees Fahrenheit. The oval shaped green leaves have a waxy surface and they are sometimes covered with a white powder.
They grow to be 3-5 inches long and almost as wide. The ripe fruit turns black when it falls from the tree. In warmer climates it is in season all year round. Olive oil can be made by crushing the ripe olives with stones or mallets. The oil is used for cooking and cosmetics.
4) Evergreen Rose (Rosa everreata)
The rose bush is native to Afghanistan and produces a beautiful white flower. The flowers grow in clusters that bloom throughout the year. The leaves are dark green and shiny.
They produce 1-3 inch diameter red berries that ripen into a dark purple color. The berries can be used to make tea. Each plant can grow up to ten feet in both height and width.
5) Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus)
The eucalyptus tree is native to Australia and Tasmania. It grows up to 115 feet tall in the wild. The tree has a straight and tall trunk with gray-brown bark.
The leaves are green and glossy. They smell very strong and the scent can be detected from a distance of more than a mile. It is used for treating insect bites, fever, muscle pain, and skin eruptions. It is not safe to use while pregnant or breastfeeding.
6) Cabbage Palm (Cabbage palmetto)
The palm tree is native to the southern United States and can grow to a height of 40 feet tall. The leaves are fan shaped and split into 5-9 smooth ribbed segments. The leaves are green with hairy edges.
Each leaf is 2-5 feet long and 3-4 feet wide. It can contain remain fresh for several weeks before wilting. It can be eaten cooked or raw. It is also popular as an ornamental plant and an indoor foliage plant. It is safe to eat and provides a large amount of vitamins and minerals.
7) Edelweiss (Leontopodium alpinum)
The edelweiss is native to the Alps mountain range of central Europe. It grows up to 6 inches tall and produces white flowers with yellow centers, each with five petals. The flowers bloom between may and September.
They contain a sweet nectar and are very popular with bees.
The flowers contain a sweet nectar and are very popular with bees.
8) Ebony Tree (Diospyros ravennea)
The ebony tree is native to central and Southern Africa. It grows up to 65 feet tall. The bark is dark brown and smooth, with deep creases.
The leaves are glossy and dark green. The fruit is small, shiny black, and egg-shaped. The fruit grows in clusters of 5-10. It is very popular as an ornamental plant and an indoor foliage plant. It can grow in most climates and soil types, including those that are dry.
9) Olive Tree (Olea europaea)
The olive tree is native to the Middle East. It grows up to 30 feet tall and produces small purple flowers. Each flower grows on a short stem and has four petals.
The flowers bloom between December and May. They are edible and contain high levels of antioxidants. Olive oil is made from the ripened olives and is used for cooking and cosmetic products.
The flowers are edible and contain high levels of antioxidants. Olive oil is made from the ripe olives and is used for cooking and cosmetic products.
10) Passionflower (Passiflora)
The passionflower is native to South America and Central America. It is an annual vine that grows up to 30 feet long. Each leaf is opposite of the others and contains three to seven deep lobes.
The flowers are purple and contain a sweet nectar. They produce passionfruit which are edible. They contain high levels of vitamin C, B12, and potassium. The flowers can be eaten or turned into a nutritious tea.
The flowers, fruit, and leaves are all edible. They are high in vitamin C, B12, and potassium.
11) Bottle Tree (Brachychittum)
The bottle tree is native to South Africa and grows up to 15 feet tall. It produces yellow flowers that grow in clusters at the base of the trunk. They produce fruits with a bottle-like shape filled with seeds.
The leaves are glossy green and contain two shallow lobes. The trunk is grey-brown in color and contains rings which reflect the tree’s age. It can grow in most soils and climates, but it does prefer wet, marshy areas. The leaves are edible.
The leaves are edible and contain high levels of protein and antioxidants.
12) Sugar Maple (Acer Saccharum)
The sugar maple is native to Eastern North America and Central America. It grows up to 70 feet tall and 40 feet wide. It produces flowers in spring and fall.
They are yellowish-green in color and display five petals. The leaves contain four lobes and grow in pairs. The bark is brown and contains diamond shapes across the trunk. The wood from the tree was often used for building canoes, houses, furniture, and musical instruments.
The wood, seeds, and sap are all edible. They contain high levels of antioxidants, protein, vitamins, minerals, and sugars.
13) Olive (Olea europaea)
The olive is native to the Middle East and Mediterranean region. It grows up to 30 feet tall and displays flowers in spring through to early summer. The flowers are purple and contain four petals.
The flowers develop into oval-like fruits which contain one to two seeds. They contain a bitter oil called Olein which is used in cooking, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.
The flowers, seeds, and oil are all edible. They contain high levels of antioxidants, proteins, and vitamins.
14) Sago Palm (Cycas Revoluta)
The sago palm is native to the Northeastern and Eastern regions of Australia. It grows up to 15 feet tall and produces flowers between September and December. They are wind pollinated and produce seeds after flowering.
The seeds are poisonous, but the trunk is edible. It contains a large amount of starch which is often processed into edible flour.
The whole plant is edible. It contains high levels of starch and antioxidants.
15) Giant Sequoia (Sequoiadendron Giganteum)
The giant sequoia is native to the Sierra Nevada Mountains in California, USA. It grows from 90 to 300 feet tall and 6 to 20 feet in diameter. It produces flowers between June and September which are wind pollinated.
They produce seeds after flowering. The seeds are edible. The bark contains high levels of tannins and is often used in herbal medicine.
The bark, flowers, and seeds are all edible. They contain high levels of antioxidants and proteins.
16) Western Larch (Larix Occidentalis)
The western larch is native to North America. It grows from 80 to 150 feet tall and 6 to 12 feet in diameter. It produces cones between May and August which contain seeds that are edible when cooked.
The wood is used in the construction of buildings and furniture.
The seeds, wood, and needles are all edible. They contain high levels of sugars, oils, antioxidants, and proteins.
17) Elderberry (Sambucus Nigra)
The Elderberry is native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. It grows up to 15 feet tall and produces flowers between May and August which are pollinated by insects. It’s often used in herbal medicine due to it’s anti-bacterial and anti-viral properties.
The berries and flowers are edible. They contain high levels of antioxidants, fiber, and Vitamin C.
18) Beech (Fagus Sylvatica)
The beech is native to temperate regions of Europe, Asia, and North America. It grows from 80 to 150 feet tall and 15 to 30 feet in diameter. It produces flowers between April and June which contain seeds that are edible when cooked.
The wood is used in the construction of furniture.
The flowers, seeds, and wood are all edible. They contain high levels of antioxidants.
19) Sweet Gum (Liquidambar Styraciflua)
The sweet gum is native to Eastern North America. It grows from 80 to 100 feet tall and 15 to 20 feet in diameter. It produces flowers between April and May which are wind pollinated.
The flowers produce seeds that are edible when cooked. The tree has a variety of uses among Native American tribes.
Sources & references used in this article:
Mobility of arsenic in soil from the Rocky Mountain Arsenal area by DL Corwin, A David, S Goldberg – Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 1999 – Elsevier
Water source of typical plants in rocky mountain area of Beijing, China by ZQ Liu, XX Yu, GD Jia, HZ Li, WW Lu – Ying yong sheng tai xue bao …, 2017 – europepmc.org
Plants of Rocky Mountain National Park: With Illustrations and Keys for Identification by RA Nelson – 1953 – books.google.com
Seed biopriming with indigenous endophytic bacteria isolated from Wakatobi rocky soil to promote the growth of onion (Allium ascalonicum L.) by GAK Sutariati, A Khaeruni, A Madiki… – … Series: Earth and …, 2019 – iopscience.iop.org
Root systems of some chaparral plants in southern California by H Hellmers, JS Horton, G Juhren, J O’keefe – Ecology, 1955 – JSTOR
Root habits of certain plants of the foothill and alpine belts of Rocky Mountain National Park by AE Holch, EW Hertel, WO Oakes, HH Whitwell – Ecological Monographs, 1941 – JSTOR