Silver lace vine (Polygonum aubergineum) is a popular ornamental vine that grows naturally in many areas around the world. It’s a perennial vine with short stems that are covered with small white flowers. Its leaves are usually green or purple, but they may turn yellowish brown during the summer months. Silver lace vines have been used for centuries in Europe and Asia as decorative plants, food, medicine and even for their beautiful silver coloration!
The silver lace vine was introduced into North America in the early 1900s by European settlers. They planted it in gardens because it produces large quantities of shiny, bright-colored leaves that make them look like tiny snowflakes. Silver lace vines were initially thought to be non-invasive, but over time they spread throughout the landscape and now cover most of our landscapes from coast to coast.
It is estimated that there are at least 2 million acres of silver lace vine in the United States alone. Silver lace vines are found in all types of climates and soils, so they’re not just for cool places like the desert. They’ve even invaded some parks and forests where they can thrive without any competition!
In addition to being attractive foliage, silver lace vines produce seeds which can germinate if disturbed. It does not take a lot of damage to their roots for silver lace vines to grow, so they are difficult to remove when they’re growing outside. It is much easier to keep them from spreading in the first place.
Silver lace vine is also one of the worst threats to oak trees in North America. The vine grows into the oak tree and clogs it, depriving it of nutrients. Eventually it begins to kill the tree. It is thought that silver lace vine has killed more oak trees than man.
There are several methods for controlling silver lace vines. The most effective way is to destroy the flower buds before they bloom. If you do this, it is unlikely that you’ll get many seeds. It is best to pull up the entire plant before it blooms, because it will quickly re-sprout if you try to cut it down or dig it up. Silver lace vines grow very quickly, which makes controlling them difficult.
If you decide to remove silver lace vines, it is best to plan for several years ahead. Since silver lace vines bloom just once every three years, it takes a while to get rid of them. It is best to use the following three-step program:
Year 1: Dig up all the plants that you can find. Cut down the vines if you can reach them.
Year 2: Pull up any new plants as soon as you see them. Spray herbicide on the flower buds if possible.
Year 3: Repeat step 2. The following year, you should be able to stop the spread of silver lace vines because there will not be enough flowers to set any viable seed.
Silver lace vines are very difficult to control once they have spread throughout an area. The best way to keep them from spreading is to “zero tolerance”!
WHITE TROUT LILY
White Trout Lilies are a beautiful garden flower, but they cause great harm to the environment wherever they grow. They are native to the forests of North America, but have been transported to many other places.
White Trout Lilies grow best in moist soils, especially near rivers or creeks. They usually appear in great numbers, which makes them all the more dangerous. The bulbs can lie dormant in the soil for many years without growing. Then, when some unexpected event provides exactly the right conditions, they can all sprout in just a few weeks!
White Trout Lilies do not have many natural enemies, which is why they have no fear of taking over the environment. Their seeds are even nutritious for small birds, some of which have learned to eat the bulbs as well.
Unfortunately, White Trout Lilies pose a serious threat to many types of native plants. They can grow very quickly and out-compete other wildflowers in their immediate area. They can even prevent other plants from getting the sunlight they need. Their shade-demanding roots can rob nearby plants of moisture.
This aggressive growth habit can turn a beautiful scenery into a brown and lifeless wasteland.
The best way to keep White Trout Lilies from spreading is to pull them up before they bloom. It is important to get them all, because one forgotten bulb can grow into a large patch within three years.
If these plants do get out of control, it can be hard to get rid of them. The roots can reach depths of up to three feet underground, and the plants themselves are very tough to kill.
Because White Trout Lilies have few natural enemies, it is best to try to prevent their spread whenever possible.
The most effective way to control White Trout Lilies is to remove them before they bloom. This must be done every year for at least three years. It is also important to get all the bulbs, because one forgotten bulb can produce a large patch of White Trout Lilies within three years.
If you are unable to remove all the plants in this time period, it is best to treat the area with herbicide. The chemical of choice is glyphosate. It is very effective on most broadleaf plants, and will kill almost all the White Trout Lilies. However, it should be used with caution on some types of soils or substrates. In those cases, it is best to hire a professional.
It is possible to use biological controls to get rid of White Trout Lilies. A type of moth knows the White Trout Lily very well. The “variegated cutworm” lays its eggs on the leaves. The larvae then eats all the plant matter it can reach, which, in turn, kills the entire plant. Unfortunately, there is no way to tell the good from the bad when they are small.
It is a hit or miss situation.
The last control measure for the control of White Trout Lilies is a herbicide, which is also a dangerous option. “Glyphosate” affects only broadleaf plants and should not affect most types of grass. (But you should test a small area before spraying an entire lawn). The chemical can be found at most garden supply stores.
Remember, these are last resorts. They should only be used by professionals or people with experience using such chemicals. It is important to note that none of these will kill the bulbs. If there are still white trout lily bulbs underground, they can sprout again the next year.
Warnings: “Glyphosate” can cause serious injuries if used improperly. It should never be ingested, inhaled, or come in contact with the skin. It is a good idea to wear protective gear (a face mask, goggles, gloves, long sleeves and long pants) when spraying herbicide.
The Best Way To Get Rid Of White Trout Lilies: Prevention
When using herbicides, always READ THE LABEL first before using. Different types of plants may react differently to the same product. What works on one plant may not have any effect on another.
“Glyphosate” is a broad-spectrum herbicide that should kill most types of plants. However, it may also kill grasses if applied incorrectly. It will not kill bulbs covered by soil. For White Trout Lilies, you should always apply “glyphosate” when the bulbs start to sprout in the early spring.
It is best to test a small area before spraying the entire lawn.
Always follow the directions on the label.
Do not apply this product in the autumn when grass is going into dormancy.
The main disadvantage of using an herbicide to kill a plant is that it will also kill everything else around it. The only way to be sure is to spray the “glyphosate” in a circle around the plant. This should prevent the herbicide from killing anything else.
-Applying “glyphosate” on White Trout Lilies:
Always read the label first!
This process will involve mixing various chemicals and could be dangerous. It is always advised to wear protective gear (goggles, gloves, long sleeves and long pants) when working with chemicals. It is also advised to do this in a place with good ventilation. Never smoke or have an open flame while applying herbicides.
Cautions aside, It is best to kill White Trout Lilies early in the year before they start growing. This should also give time for the surrounding grass to recover from the chemical.
In the early spring, when the ground has thawed, dig up and remove White Trout Lilies as described above.
If there are patches of dead grass around the lilies, this is an indication that there were lilies growing there the previous year. Treat these areas with herbicide before new grass starts to grow.
After a couple of weeks, the dead grass may begin to grow again. This is an indication that the herbicide has worked.
Spray the entire area that may have had lilies last year.
One application of “glyphosate” should kill off any lilies that may be hiding underground.
Wait a week or two for it to dry, then refill the hole(s) with fresh soil.
You may have to repeat this process for a couple of years before all the lilies are gone.
It may be easier to eradicate the lilies close to the house first. Then, the following year, you can start further away from the house.
After a few years, this process should greatly reduce the number of lilies growing in your yard. After a few more years, there should be very few lilies in your yard.
After five or six years, you can stop treating the lilies. Any lily bulbs that grow will not have enough energy to produce flowers. They will eventually weaken and die. The dead lily bulbs will nourish the soil and provide nutrients for your lawn and garden. This process may take up to ten years before most of the lilies are gone.
After the lilies have been eradicated, you will need to start a maintenance program. This involves spraying herbicide on any patches of lilies that may pop up during the year.
This may not seem like the most environmentally friendly approach, but it can be effective in controlling an invasive species like the White Trout Lily.
The main disadvantage is that it can take many years before the lilies are gone. Also, you may have to do this every year for many years. It can become a real pain. The best solution is prevention. If you can stop a few new lily bulbs from growing, there will be less work to do in the long run.
There are many other methods of eradication listed on the internet and in print. Most are variations of what has already been described. It is important to remember that it may take years to rid your yard of this plant. Be patient and persistent and you can get rid of White Trout Lily.
If you need anymore help, you can contact your local nursery or garden center.
They may have the solution for your particular problem.
Silver Lace Vine Care: How To Grow A Silver Lace Vine By: James Johnson
Silver lace vines are a pretty climbing plant that add a unique touch to any garden. They are a deciduous vine with leaves that are an interesting mix of wavy and straight edges. As the name implies, they also have beautiful white flowers in the spring that become light pink in the fall.
Along with their unique foliage, silver lace vines also have a lot of interesting characteristics. They are a vigorous vine that can reach up to 15 feet but can be pruned to waist high if you desire. They also need little attention and can survive in a wide range of conditions. These are just a few of the reasons why they are one of the best vines to grow.
There are three types of silver lace vines. While they all have the same characteristics, they do differ in their growth patterns. These differences can help you decide which one is best for your particular needs.
Silver Falls has leaves that have wavy edges and a strong upright pattern. It can reach up to 15 feet high although it can be pruned to waist high. This is the most popular of the three types.
Silver Streak has leaves that have straight edges and a more creeping habit. It does not grow as tall as the Silver Falls but it spreads wider. It also matures later in the season than the other types.
If you need a vine that can cover wide areas quickly, then the Silver Mist is the one for you. The leaves are smaller than the other types but they also tend to grow more. It spreads quickly and has an almost rampant habit. It can reach 15 feet but it is also pruned to waist high.
Silver Lace Vine Care
Regardless of the type, silver lace vines are very easy to maintain. They can grow in a wide range of conditions including wet soil and full sun. They are not picky about the type of soil and are not severely affected by pests or disease.
In fact, they are one of the few plants that can actually survive in wet soil. Other types of plants will generally die if they are in ground that is constantly wet.
Silver Falls Vine Care
If you want a vigorous vine that can grow in wet soil, then the Silver Falls is the type for you. They can tolerate partial shade but will grow faster in full sun. They also need little maintenance and only need to be pruned if you desire a shorter plant. They do not grow as tall as the Silver Mist but they do spread out more.
You can expect this type of vine to grow up to 15 feet high and to spread out as far. They tend to start growing early in the year but usually do not produce flowers until late summer or fall. This is still plenty of time to enjoy their beautiful leaves and as an added bonus, this is also when the flowers are the prettiest.
The flowers are white and have a pink tinge on the edges. Sometimes they are called pink lace vines because of this unique trait. They have a sweet smell and will attract butterflies and bees to your garden.
Silver Mist Vine Care
This type of silver lace vine is also referred to as the Pink Lace Vine. It has the widest growth habit of all three types. They start growing early in the year and flower late. They produce large flowers that are pink with white edges and give off a lovely scent.
These vines can grow up to 20 feet high but are often pruned to waist high. They do not tolerate full sun but can tolerate some shade.
These vines are also commonly used to make herbal medicines. The flowers or leaves can be infused to water to make a refreshing drink. The roots can be ground up and used as a pain reliever. The berries are mildly poisonous but can be cooked and made into a syrup for coughs and colds.
There are many advantages to having silver lace vines in your garden. You can grow them anywhere and they will survive and even look attractive. They are easy to maintain and even easier to propagate. You can get a head start on the growing season by planting them in the early spring or you can beautify your summer garden with them late in the year. They also produce lovely flowers that are great for attracting butterflies and bees.
If you are a gardener, I highly recommend these lovely vines.
These are just a few of the many advantages to planting and caring for silver vine plants. There are still many other types of vines that you can try, each with their own unique properties and quirks. If you want to grow something a little different, I suggest you try out some of these vines. You never know, it might just become your new favorite plant.
Sources & references used in this article:
Tolerance of Lands. cape Vines to Selected Pre-Emergence Herbicides by MS EL TON, SA TREASTER – Ornamental Plants-1987: A Summary of … – kb.osu.edu
Plants not favored by deer by LG Jull – 2001 – oclw.org
a History of Hand-made Lace by MF Jackson – 1950 – books.google.com
Pruning trees, shrubs & vines by KD Cutler – 2003 – books.google.com