Controlling Greenbrier: How To Get Rid Of Greenbrier Vine
Green brier is a small evergreen shrub native to North America. It grows up to 15 feet tall and produces white flowers that are followed by red berries.
The plant’s leaves are long and narrow, dark green at the tips and light green along its margins. Leaves grow from the stems that branch out into many branches, which produce new shoots called runners. Runners eventually turn brown and die.
The plants have been used medicinally since ancient times, but it wasn’t until the 19th century that they were widely cultivated commercially. Today, there are over 100 species of them found throughout North America.
They’re commonly known as “the berry mania.” Many people use them for their edible berries or juice made from the seeds, although some people prefer to eat the whole plant. Some growers even cultivate them as ornamental trees.
Greenbrier is one of the most toxic plants in North America. Its sap contains oxalic acid, which causes severe skin burns when contact occurs.
It can cause blindness if ingested, inhaled or absorbed through the skin. If left untreated, it can lead to kidney failure and death. There are no antidotes for this poison; only home remedies such as applying lemon juice to the affected area and wrapping in cloths to keep away insects and flies. It is recommended to seek immediate medical attention if these are ineffective.
The berry contains oxalic acid crystals, which can cause mouth and throat irritation and swelling of the tongue. The berries also contain dimethyltrisulphide, an odorless, tasteless liquid that can cause vomiting when ingested in large amounts.
Greenbrier leaves have been used medicinally as a laxative and purgative. It can also be made into a tea to ease chest congestion and bronchial issues.
The berries are sometimes used in wine-making.
Greenbrier plants can grow as tall as 15 feet and have long, narrow leaves. Its stems branch out into several runners that produce new shoots, which makes it especially difficult to eradicate.
It has green flowers that bloom in the spring and clusters of red berries that ripen to dark purple in the fall. They are most often found in forested areas and thrive in wet soil or even standing water.
It grows throughout North America but is most common in the eastern region. While it may be beneficial to some people, most people consider it a troublesome weed.
Greenbrier is listed as an endangered species in Illinois, Indiana and Pennsylvania. It’s also listed as threatened in New York, endangered in Ohio and Massachusetts, and its federal status is candidates as endangered or threatened.
It is protected from being collected or killed in most states.
The green brier makes an excellent ground cover, even growing through cracks in pavement. It can also be used as a living fence or natural boundary.
Its sharp thorns are sometimes used as toothpicks. The shoots can be eaten by livestock and wildlife, and it yields tannin and gallotannic acid, both of which are used to treat leather. During the Civil War, soldiers used its vines to help set broken bones. The berries were also used to treat diarrhea, fevers and heart conditions by Native Americans.
The greenbrier is considered a desirable companion plant for other plants because it provides natural insect and fungal disease control. Its deep roots help to keep soil from eroding.
It can also be used as firewood and hedge.
Greenbrier is one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in Chinese medicine. It is the source of several important medicines in traditional Chinese medicine.
It is used to treat painful urination, acute gonorrhea, and a condition known as “burning urine.” It is also believed to be a diuretic, and to prevent or relieve kidney stones.
Greenbrier is recognized as a noxious weed in most places where it grows. It has been called “the most notorious of all North American weeds.” It can grow through asphalt and is difficult to remove.
Most efforts to control it have been unsuccessful.
It’s common for new greenbrier growth to appear a year after initial plantings, even when grown inside. It has a high tolerance for a wide variety of soils and can thrive in dry, damp, shaded or sunny locations.
It can even grow in standing water.
Greenbrier is a fast-growing plant that can reach heights of 8 to 15 feet, with the ability to spread nearly as wide. It has long, slender stems that grow from a network of runners.
It has multiple branches that are covered in sharp, hooked thorns up to an inch long.
The plant’s leaves are hairless and glossy, with three to five points. The thorns tend to grow in clusters of three or five, and have reddish tips.
Greenbrier grows white flowers that become red berries, which remain on the plant through the winter months. The berries have the flavor of raspberry and are sometimes used to make jams and jellies or eaten fresh.
Greenbrier grows in forests, fields and along roadsides. It favors rocky or sandy, well-drained soils.
It also grows in pine forests and open woodlands. It tolerates shade and can be found growing under larger plants.
Greenbrier is a hardy plant that can grow back from its roots if the stem is cut down. Its sharp thorns make it difficult to walk through infested areas, which helps prevent the growth of other plants and trees.
It was once believed that sleeping on a mattress made from woven greenbrier vines would prevent rheumatism. The vines were also used to make fishing lines and nets for catching birds.
Greenbrier has been used in herbal remedies for hundreds of years. It is high in antioxidants and flavonoids, which are believed to prevent disease and improve health.
It is used to treat conditions like mouth and throat infections, gout, arthritis and other joint pain, urinary tract problems and many more.
Sources & references used in this article:
Controlling greenbrier by M Czarnota – 2014 – athenaeum.libs.uga.edu
Pollination in an understorey vine, Smilax rotundifolia, a threatened plant of the Carolinian forests in Canada by PG Kevan, JD Ambrose… – Canadian Journal of …, 1991 – NRC Research Press
Controlling weedy vines by WT Penfound – Advancing Frontiers of Plant …, 1966 – … for the Advancement of Science and …
Characteristics of fuel beds invaded by Smilax rotundifolia by TG Dyer – 2007 – athenaeum.libs.uga.edu
Control of oaks (Quercus spp.) and associated woody species on rangeland with tebuthiuron by MC Ohman – 2005 – firesciencenorthatlantic.org
In the forest vine Smilax rotundifolia, fungal epiphytes show site-wide spatial correlation, while endophytes show evidence of niche partitioning by CJ Scifres, JW Stuth, RW Bovey – Weed Science, 1981 – JSTOR
Managing cranberry fields by CB Zambell, JF White – Fungal diversity, 2015 – Springer
Small Ruminants For Biological Control Of Invasive Weeds by GMM Darrow – 1924 – books.google.com