Eugene Care: How To Plant Eugenia In Containers And Gardens
The following information was gathered from various sources and is not guaranteed to be 100% accurate. Always consult with your local or state health department before attempting any gardening project.
How To Prune Euonymus Topiaries?
First thing first, what are euonymus plants?
They’re small evergreen shrubs that grow up to 1 foot tall and wide. These plants have long stems with multiple branches. Each branch has its own leaves (which are usually white) and each leaf contains tiny hairs called cilia that move across the surface of the leaf like tiny fans. When these fanlike hairs touch another hair, they cause it to wiggle back and forth at different speeds. That’s why euonymus leaves look so wavy!
When you prune euonymus plants, you cut off all the fanlike hairs on one side of the stem. You then use scissors to snip off the remaining branches. If you want to keep some of those fanlike hairs, just leave them attached to the main stem.
This plant is great for beginners, because it’s so easy to grow. Just a few hours of direct sunlight and some water once a week and your euonymus will thrive!
If you use a watering can, make sure the spout is pointing straight down toward the base of the soil. This will prevent water from running down the side of the container. If water gets on the side of the container, it could cause the roots to rot.
Euonymus plants are very durable. You can get creative with your designs, because this plant can take a lot! Still, there are some things you should know before you get started pruning.
Make sure your euonymus is outside in the best spot you’ve found for it. You don’t want to move it after you start pruning.
Snip all of the extra fanlike hairs off the main stem. You may want to use a pair of gardening shears for larger stems. Afterwards, remove any extra branches you don’t want.
Don’t prune too much at one time. You want to make sure the plant still gets enough sunlight after you’re done pruning.
How To Care For Euonymus ‘Apollo’?
Euonymus plants are very easy to grow – like a weed! All you really need to do is make sure it gets at least 6 hours of sun a day and add water every now and then. Euonymus are evergreen, which means they keep their leaves all year long. Some varieties have really neat colors, such as ‘Apollo’, an orange-red leafed shrub that turns bright red in the fall.
When I first moved into my house, this euonymus was already here and about 5 feet tall. I knew right away I needed to clean up the yard of dead branches, leaves, and weeds. But I didn’t have a clue what kind of shrub this was! So I just cut it all down to the ground and hoped for the best.
The next spring was amazing…I had a full grown euonymus starting from scratch! It grew really fast and looked beautiful.
After 2 years it had grown so much that I decided to start pruning it into shape. I cut it all back to the ground and it grew back as one thick main stem. I kept cutting it back every spring and it just kept on growing! As you can see, it’s full of lush green leaves and stands over 6 feet tall!
How To Trim Euonymus?
Euonymus are very easy to trim. All you need is a pair of hand clippers or garden shears.
Start by removing any dead or diseased branches. These are typically the ones at the bottom of the shrub or at the very top. Also, trim away any suckers that grow out from the roots. These have a different coloration than the rest of the shrub and tend to grow straight up rather than away from the main shrub.
Trim off any stems that hang lower than the rest of the shrub. Typically these are the stems that grew the most during the spring or summer. If you want to keep them, make a separate pot for them and keep them trimmed so they don’t drag on the ground.
After you’ve done this, spread the shrub into the desired shape and look. If it’s still not big enough, you can go back and trim more off to encourage it to grow quicker.
How To Care For Euonymus During Winter?
During the winter months, Euonymus require very little care. They are evergreen, so they will not lose their leaves. However, they do go into a semi-resting state and don’t grow as quickly. They typically drop their leaves during the fall, so the most important thing for them at this time is water.
Keep the soil lightly moist throughout the winter. Don’t let it dry out, but don’t drown it either!
During heavy winters, you may need to cover the shrub to prevent snow from piling up on the branches and breaking them. Simply draping a tarp or plastic sheeting over the shrub should do the trick.
How To Care For Euonymus During Spring And Summer?
During the spring and summer months, your euonymus will start growing rapidly. It’s important to keep these new stems trimmed off so that the shrub is the shape you desire.
Follow the guidelines in the pruning section above to trim your shrub. As it grows and thickens up, you may need to switch from hand clippers to loppers to shears.
During the spring and summer, keep an eye on your euonymus and keep track of how long it gets. As soon as you notice new growth reaching past 12 inches, trim it back to 12 inches. This will encourage shorter growth that is thick and lush. Longer stems will tend to get leggier and thinner, and may even start resembling a small tree rather than a nice thick shrub.
During the summer, also keep an eye on your shrub for any new stems that sprout from the base of the plant. These can be separated and repotted to create new plants! Just make sure that they don’t dry out and they have enough light, and in a few months you should have a new euonymus shrub.
How To Care For Euonymus Problems?
Euonymus are hardy shrubs that require little care. However, there are some problems that can arise if the soil is not kept moist and the plant is not trimmed on occasion. Below are some problems with symptoms and solutions.
Brown Tips: Brown tips usually occur on the newest growth. This indicates that the plant is receiving too much nitrogen. The soil should have a neutral or on the acidic side.
Leaves Curl Up: This problem is caused by constant cold and wetness. The soil should be raised up off the ground and the plant should be given plenty of space between other plants to allow for air to circulate.
Small Yellow Blotches: Occurs most often on the older branches. This may be a sign of dehydration and the plant should be given a deep watering. If the problem persists after watering, the branch may need to be removed.
Dark Brown/Black Patches: Occurs most often on the younger branches. This is usually a sign that there is not enough phosphorus in the soil. A nutrient rich soil should be provided, but take care not to over water the plant.
All leaves fall off: Occurs when the plant is over watered. The shrub needs a resting period to re-establish it’s roots, so keep it dry for a period of a month or more. If the problem continues after the rest period, the plant may be infected with a virus or fungus and should be removed.
When To Prune Euonymus?
Euonymus shrubs require little pruning. If you want the shrub to grow into a specific shape, you can lightly trim it during the spring as it begins to leaf out.
For most homeowners, it’s best to let the shrub grow naturally and only prune back stems that are dead or damaged beyond repair.
How To Start Seedlings?
Euonymus shrubs are easy to start from seed. Take the fruit (not the fleshy part) and slice it open. Scatter the seeds onto a piece of paper and let them air dry for a few days. Then place the paper with the seeds into a Ziploc bag. Put the bag in the refrigerator for three to four weeks.
After this time, the seeds should be ready to plant. Prepare a pot with rich soil, then place the seeds between two pieces of paper and gently hit them with a hammer to break through the outer shell of the seed. Gently water the soil and place the container in a warm location until they begin to grow. Transplant to a larger pot when necessary.
Common Euonymus Problems
Here are some common problems you may encounter with Euonymus and how to fix them.
What Diseases Affect Euonymus?
Below are some common diseases that affect Euonymus and some symptoms.
Red Thread: This fungus infects the plant through the leaves and eventually causes them to turn reddish-brown and hang down from the plant. It then moves into the twigs where it clumps together and creates a fuzzy appearance. The fungus continues to grow and covers the twig. Eventually it may kill the twig, which will then turn black and fall off the shrub.
Red Thread causes the affected plant parts to hang down from the shrub where they previously stood upright.
How To Control It: This fungus can be controlled using a product called Captan. Follow all dosage instructions on the label.
Botrytis: Botrytis can be recognized by grayish-white fluffy mold that grows on the surface of the soil. It can infect the plant through a wound or through the stem, at which point it travels through the vascular system and kills the entire branch.
How To Control It: This fungus lives in areas where there is a lot of moisture and moves into wounded tissue of the plant. To prevent it from spreading you must remove any dead or dying branches immediately. Spread an anti-fungal powder on the soil to prevent it from entering through the roots.
Fusarium: Fusarium affects the leaves of Euonymus shrubs causing them to turn yellow between the veins then to brown and die completely. It also attacks the stems, causing them to become soft and mushy at the base. Eventually this can lead to the death of the plant.
How To Control It: Fusarium spreads from soil to plant, so remove any dead or dying branches and dispose of them. Disinfect your shears after every cut on a diseased part of the shrub.
Euonymus Scale: This pest is actually a type of insect called a scale. It lives under a protective white shell and attaches itself to the plant using a small hook-like structure connected to its underside. This structure pierces the surface of the plant and sucks out the juices, eventually causing the death of that area of the plant.
How To Control It: Handpick the insects and their protective shells off of the plant and discard them. You can also apply an insecticide called Malathion to the plant. Make sure to follow all safety recommendations on the label.
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