What Is Dark?
Darkness is defined as absence of light. So when someone says “dark” they mean absence of light. If you are indoors during the day, then it means there is no sunlight shining into your room at all. When you go outside during the night, then it means there is no direct sunlight shining directly onto your face or eyes. You would not see anything at all if you were out in complete darkness!
When you have been out in total darkness for any length of time, then you will start feeling tired. Your body will feel like it is going to fall asleep. You may even experience a headache or other symptoms similar to those experienced after exposure to bright lights.
In fact, most animals that live in the wild cannot survive very long without light. Animals that spend their lives in the wilderness would never venture out in total darkness. Even some plants don’t require much light to grow. But plants that depend upon light for photosynthesis (the process through which they convert carbon dioxide into sugars) such as tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, and cucumbers do need light to grow.
The reason why these plants need light is because they use up a great deal of energy just to produce sugar from water. They are also very sensitive to changes in light and warmth. So if they don’t get enough light, then they won’t grow at all!
Seeds can either be planted directly into the ground or indoors (in containers). Just as the seeds need water and nutrients to grow, they need light too. They need a lot of light in order to grow into healthy plants. You may have heard that plants need sunlight in order to grow. But only some of them need sunlight.
Some plants actually need only the light from the moon in order to grow. Other plants need both sunlight and the moonlight. There are other types of plants which need only fluorescent lights to grow. And there are other plants, like the one you want to grow, that need sunlight and nutrients in order to grow.
Do Pepper Plants Need Darkness To Grow?
Now that you know that plants need light to grow, you probably want to know which ones actually need darkness or sunlight in order to thrive. It is very important for you to know this information since it will help your plants grow well.
There are three types of plants: sun-loving plants, moon-loving plants, and those that love light from both the sun and the moon. You actually want to plant a moon-loving plant. If you plant a sun-loving plant, then it won’t grow much. If you plant a moon-loving plant, then it will grow a lot. But if you plant a sun-loving plant in dim light or no light at all, then it will grow very tall and strong.
So does your pepper plant fall under the first, second, or third type of plants?
To find out, take one of your seeds and stick it into some soil. Keep it by a window so that sunlight can shine upon it during the day. But at night, take it away from the window and bring it into a room without any lights. After a few days, you should notice how much it has grown.
Did it grow a lot?
Then it is a sun-loving plant.
Did it grow a little?
Then it is a moon-loving plant.
Did it not grow at all?
Then it is a plant that loves both sun and moonlight. You should get more seeds from this plant since they are of the third type and will grow well under just about any condition.
What Do Pepper Plants Look Like?
Pepper plants look very similar to tomatoes plants. The main difference between the two is that pepper plants have thicker stems and don’t grow as tall as tomatoes plants do. There are also several types of peppers and all of them can range in size.
The three main types of peppers that you may want to grow in your garden include bell peppers, chili peppers, and Paprika peppers. The bell pepper is the pepper that you most likely have eaten before. They are long and slim, bright in color and have a slight curve at the top. Chili peppers are small and measure about one to three inches long. They tend to be round in shape and come in many different colors, ranging from yellow to red to green.
They are very hot and most people don’t eat them unless they have been cooked first.
Paprika peppers are also small and measure about one to three inches long as well. Their difference from chili peppers is that they are not hot at all. They are usually brown in color and are picked when they are ripe. From here, they are dried to make the spice “paprika” that most people have in their kitchens.
Where Do You Get Pepper Seeds?
If you go to a gardening center, then you will find that there are hundreds of different types of plants that you can grow in your backyard garden. You will also find that there are a lot of different types of seeds that you can plant and grow into healthy plants.
But where do you start?
The first thing you should do is get a notebook and write down all the types of plants that you would like to grow in your garden. Look through gardening magazines to see pictures of these plants and what they look like. Also, find out when these plants bloom, so you know what to look for when they start growing.
After you have found the different types of plants that you would like to grow in your garden, you will need to go to a gardening center to buy all of your seeds. Once you are there, the friendly workers there should be able to help you out. Tell them what types of plants you would like to grow and they should be able to find them for you. They will probably give you a few packets containing several seeds each.
Go home and plant the seeds in small pots or cups filled with soil. Once the plants start growing, pick the healthiest one in each pot. With the others, either throw them away or give them to a friend. It is not a good idea to let more than one plant grow in the same pot because they will compete for the same nutrients and water.
Then, comes the fun part! Wait patiently for your healthy plant to grow big and strong. Once it starts growing flowers, it is ready to pick. You should be able to pick the first flowers when they are blue. Pick them by the stem, then turn the flower around and gently tug it off the stem.
If you plant more than one type of plant, then you will have to label each pot with the name of the plant so you won’t get them mixed up!
It is a good idea to write down each type of plant that you pick in a notebook or on your computer. This way, you will know exactly how much you pick from each plant and how much is left over. You may even want to draw pictures of each type of plant so you can easily identify them when you are out in the field picking!
The smaller plants, such as cilantro and basil, are grown in small plots all around your home. This is because they don’t take up much space and they are very easy to maintain. They don’t require as much sunlight as other plants do either, so they can be grown in smaller spaces. Your mom probably has several pots full of cilantro and basil growing under solar lights in our backyard.
Don’t Forget the Pests!
When you are growing vegetables and fruits in your backyard, you have to be aware that there are many little “pests” out there that like to eat these things. These pests include rats, squirrels, crows, and raccoons. If you have a lot of a certain vegetable or fruit, then you might find that it has been completely wiped out by one of these pests. There is not much you can do about this, other than building a very tall and sturdy fence. This might work for keeping out the bigger animals such as raccoons and squirrels, but it wouldn’t keep the birds from flying over the fence.
The only thing you can do to keep them out is to close up your garden when you are not around.
To close up your garden, you can use pieces of lumber and rope to construct a little gate that can be easily opened and closed when you are around to do it, but will be very hard for the raccoons to knock over.
You should also grow a few things that attract birds, just in case you need to get their attention in the future. In some cases, birds might be the only things that see a dangerous situation developing in your backyard. For example, if you left your backdoor open, birds might fly into your house and alert you to the open door. Having bird-attracting plants in your garden will help you out a lot if this ever happens. You should try to grow sorghum, sunflowers, and corn.
These are just a few plant species that are bird favorites.
Watering Your Garden
Since you are growing plants that like a lot of water, you will have to make sure that you water them every day. You can’t just rely on the rain to water them, because our planet is slowly getting hotter each year. It doesn’t rain as much as it used to, so you will need to find other ways to keep your garden hydrated.
This is where the large water tank next to our garage comes in handy. We have an automatic water pump connected to it, so all you have to do is turn a single knob and the water gets pumped into the garden. Of course, you will still need to get the water from the tank into the garden, and to do this you will need to periodically pull a big hose around the garden and turn on the pump. This might be hard work if your garden is large, but it’s better than carrying bucket after bucket around for hours!
Once the water is pumped into the garden, you can either leave the water in the channels where the plants’ roots are, or you can have it drain out into the soil. The choice is up to you.
As you can see, there are a lot of things to consider when building your backyard garden. Don’t worry if everything doesn’t go exactly as planned. You can always make changes and fix problems as they come up. Just remember that you want to make the best use of your time, so try to visualize each part of the garden in your head before you start building. This way you won’t end up wasting time having to backtrack or fix problems later.
Good luck and have fun!
● You should grow plants that give you the most food for the least amount of time and effort. For example, potatoes yield nearly 4 pounds per plant, and only take about 60 days to grow. By comparison, beans yield only a pound per plant, but take over 70 days to mature.
You will also have to factor in how much water each plant needs. Watermelons require a lot of water, but also yield the most food per plant, so they are a great choice if you have enough water for them.
● There’s really no way to know exactly how much food you will need to survive until after the growing season is over. Be sure to keep track of how many vegetables and fruits you eat throughout the year so that you know approximately how much you’ll need when it comes to harvest time.
● Having a filtration system for your well is going to be absolutely essential to growing food. Not only will you need water, but the food itself requires it as well. Without enough water, the yield from your plants will suffer greatly.
Your second year of self-sufficiency is going to start out a little differently from your first. For one thing, you’ve already grown a lot of the staples that you eat on a regular basis and don’t have to worry too much about them. Your initial goal this year is going to be to re-plant your primary food supply. This includes things like potatoes, carrots, beans, and anything else that can be stored for long periods of time. Remember, these won’t yield for at least a month, so you’ll have some time to take care of other things first.
Most of your secondary food supply from last year should have been planted a month or two before the first frost. Keeping in mind that there will be a lot more next year, you don’t have to worry about planting quite as many of these this time around. The only things that you’ll need to be concerned about are tomatoes and lettuce. The only things that you’ll need to plant more of are green peppers, cucumbers, and anything else you want more of. Remember, just because you have the space to grow it doesn’t mean that you have to.
As always, only plant as much as you know that you’ll be able to eat.
Keep in mind that while you don’t need to plant things like corn or wheat this year, you may want to in the future. This is especially true of corn, which can be ground into cornmeal to make delicious breads and other baked goods. If you decide to plant anything in the grain family this year, it’s best to do it over the summer while you’re waiting for your early vegetables to grow.
This is really the year that everything comes together. By now, you should have a good idea of how much food you need to live and what you need more of. This is especially true of any animal products you need to consume. If you have pets, you’ll need to think about what you’re going to feed them as well.
Traditionally, farms raise cows for their milk and eggs, chickens for their eggs and meat, and pigs for their meat. The milk from the cows is used to make cheese and other dairy products. Since you already grow potatoes, you might want to consider raising some dairy animals as well. This will require more space and more time, but the benefits may be worth it to you.
You’re really going to have to think about what your goals are. If you just want to be completely self-sufficient, it might be easier and cheaper in the long run to buy your meat in bulk from a local rancher instead of raising your own animals just to slaughter them. It really depends on what your goals are.
On the other hand, if you do decide to raise some animals and dairy, you’re going to need to plant more crops. Instead of broad rows of beans or potatoes, you might want to consider putting in a separate row just for your livestock. It’s up to you and what you want to put into the farm.
Other than animals, the only other thing you might want to think about is getting some bees. The main reason for this is so you can make honey and harvest the beeswax for candles. It’s up to you whether or not the work that goes into this is worth it.
As for fruit, you’re probably better off just purchasing what you need from the store. It’s not really economical to grow fruit if you only need a few apples.
Whatever you choose to do, the important thing is that your farm remains a safe place for your family and friends.
Good luck, Farmer!
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Sources & references used in this article:
Auxin transport is required for hypocotyl elongation in light-grown but not dark-grown Arabidopsis by PJ Jensen, RP Hangarter, M Estelle – Plant Physiology, 1998 – Am Soc Plant Biol
Procuste1 mutants identify two distinct genetic pathways controlling hypocotyl cell elongation, respectively in dark-and light-grown Arabidopsis seedlings by T Desnos, V Orbovic, C Bellini, J Kronenberger… – …, 1996 – dev.biologists.org
Multiple phytochrome-interacting bHLH transcription factors repress premature seedling photomorphogenesis in darkness by P Leivar, E Monte, Y Oka, T Liu, C Carle, A Castillon… – Current Biology, 2008 – Elsevier
Plant hormone signaling lightens up: integrators of light and hormones by OS Lau, XW Deng – Current opinion in plant biology, 2010 – Elsevier