Mayapple is a popular name given to the genus Vaccinium. The species of Vaccinium includes several species which are commonly known as wild apples or wild cherries. These include: Vaccinium arvense (wild cherry), Vaccinium corymbosa (cherry tree) and Vaccinium dulcamara (dwarf plum).
The term “may” refers to the fact that these fruits contain high levels of flavonoids. Flavonoids are polyphenols, compounds with antioxidant properties.
They have been shown to possess anti-inflammatory, anticancer and neuroprotective effects.
In addition, they can reduce blood pressure and improve cardiovascular health.
It is interesting to note that there are many different types of wild cherries; some are tart while others are sweet. Some are large while others are small.
There are even varieties which do not ripen at all!
Wild cherries vary greatly in color from pale yellow to dark red. Their flesh is firm, juicy and smooth when ripe.
Its flavor varies widely depending upon the variety of wild cherry it comes from.
One of the most popular varieties is a large, round and black wild cherry. It is a common sight in woodlands, where it grows abundantly.
These cherries can range from dull red to almost purple in color. Its juice is very sweet and makes an excellent treat on a hot summer’s day.
On the other hand, there are some varieties which never reach the ripe stage. They hang on the tree throughout the year, ripening and coloring very little.
For this reason, the wild cherry generally has a bad reputation. Many people believe that it causes diarrhea when eaten in large quantities.
This is not true, of course. A large number of people can eat wild cherries all day and suffer no ill effects.
There are some who claim that the wild cherry does nothing for them at all, even when taken in large quantities.
Most likely, eating too many wild cherries leads to diarrhea. In reality, this is due to the fact that it contains a high water content and very low calorie count.
It is a common temperate fruit and can be found in various areas of the world.
The mayapple plant (Pfaffia paniculata), also known as Brazilian potato or arrioba, is a creeping vine which grows in moist areas like swamps and riverbanks. It has large green leaves and yellow flowers with five petals.
The plant usually grows to around a foot in height, but it can grow larger in favorable conditions. It has tuberous roots and thin yellow sap which can cause a rash if it comes into contact with the skin.
It is native to Central and South America. The tubers can reach up to a weight of 5 pounds.
They were traditionally used as a famine food by Native Americans and early settlers to North America. They can be eaten raw, cooked or baked like potatoes.
Today, pfaffia is used as an ingredient in certain weight loss products due to its ability to reduce hunger.
Hunger can be somewhat of an illusion. When we are hungry, it often leads us to crave specific foods which might not necessarily be good for us.
In some cases, hungry can lead to overeating and subsequent weight gain.
The mayapple plant contains various chemicals which can help to curb the appetite. These include:
It also contains various vitamins, minerals and other nutrients which can improve overall health. For these reasons, pfaffia has traditionally been used for treating conditions like anorexia, diarrhea, dysentery and stomach ulcers.
It is important to note that pfaffia is not intended to be a weight loss shortcut. Rather, it should be used for ongoing weight maintenance after weight has been lost through sensible diet and exercise.
It can be used in the following ways:
Powdered dried tubers – Add 2-4 teaspoons to food, three times daily.
Liquid extract (1:1) – 1 teaspoon three times daily.
Tincture (1:5) – 10-15 drops in water three times daily.
Pfaffia may cause allergic reactions in some people, especially those with existing skin conditions. Also, due to the presence of chlorogenic acid, it might interfere with diabetes medication and blood sugar levels.
It should not be used without medical supervision.
It should not be used during pregnancy or while breastfeeding.
In addition to pfaffia, green coffee bean powder is one of the more popular natural weight loss supplements on the market right now. It contains similar compounds to help metabolize fat, suppress the appetite and improve overall health.
The main compound found in green coffee bean is chlorogenic acid. This substance has been shown to have various antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
It can help to improve the health of blood vessels, preventing diseases like type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
It also helps the body to produce enzymes which break down fat. This causes a slower rise in blood sugar after meals, stopping cravings and helping to prevent weight gain.
It also prevents the breakdown of muscle in the body, so that even when you are dieting you don’t lose muscle mass.
Green coffee bean is often used in combination with other ingredients. It is often used with pfaffia to give a more rounded daily dose of nutrients which can help with weight loss.
Green coffee bean should not be used by those who are allergic to coffee, have a caffeine intolerance or suffer from any medical condition without first consulting a doctor.
Do not use green coffee bean if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
People with autoimmune conditions like lupus, multiple sclerosis, inflammatory bowl disease or other immune disorders should not take green coffee bean.
If you are currently taking any medications, please consult your doctor before using green coffee bean.
Green coffee bean may cause headaches, anxiety and jitteriness in some people. If this is the case, reduce the dosage or discontinue use.
Make sure to keep green coffee bean in a cool, dry place, away from children.
Green coffee bean extract may interfere with certain prescription drugs, so if you are taking any medications you should consult your doctor before using it.
Those who are diabetic or have diabetic relatives should not take green coffee bean as it may alter blood sugar levels.
Green coffee bean has a fairly strong taste and can leave a bitter aftertaste in the mouth for an hour or two after consumption. To counter this, it can be taken with foods or beverages that have a strong flavor, such as orange juice or yoghurt.
The recommended dosage is 200-300mg, 1-2 times per day. It is a proprietary formula of green coffee bean extract and pfaffia, to be taken with meals for weight loss.
Do not use if safety seal is broken. Not intended for individuals under 18 years of age.
Keep out of reach of children. Do not exceed recommended dosage. Consult a physician prior to using this product if you are pregnant or nursing or have any medical conditions.
Get the true benefits of green coffee bean and pfaffia by combining them into one easy-to-take supplement.
Green coffee bean extract (providing 50% chlorogenic acid), pfaffia extract (600mg). Other ingredients: microcrystalline cellulose, magnesium stearate, silica.
Green coffee bean is generally considered to be safe. Some people may experience minor side effects such as headaches, nausea and vomiting.
Manufactured in a facility that handles milk, wheat, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, fish and shellfish.
If you are diabetic, consult your physician before using this product.
Please refer to packaging label for the most updated information.
Sources & references used in this article:
Pollinator scarcity drives the shift to delayed selfing in Himalayan mayapple Podophyllum hexandrum (Berberidaceae) by YZ Xiong, Q Fang, SQ Huang – AoB Plants, 2013 – academic.oup.com
Color-forms of the May-Apple by JA Steyermark – Rhodora, 1952 – JSTOR
The may apple by Aug. F. Foerste – Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 1884 – JSTOR
Severity of Leaf Removal Affects Regrowth of American Mayapple by K Cushman, M Maqbool, E Bedir, H Lata, I Khan… – …, 2005 – journals.ashs.org
Propagule Type and Planting Time Affect Subsequent Growth of American Mayapple by K Cushman, M Maqbool – HortScience, 2004 – journals.ashs.org
(396) Growth of American Mayapple Rhizome Segments Affected by Time of Transplant by K Cushman, M Maqbool – HortScience, 2005 – journals.ashs.org
Pollination and Pollen Limitation in Mayapple (Podophyllum Peltatum L.), A Nectarless Spring Ephemeral. by JE Crants – 2008 – deepblue.lib.umich.edu
Sustainable bioproduction of phytochemicals by plant in vitro cultures: anticancer agents by …, J Windhövel, O Krohn, E Fuss, H Garden… – Plant Genetic …, 2005 – cambridge.org
Guide to the Medicinal Plant Garden by MP Garden – imhm.org