Oxlip Plant Info: Information On Growing Oxlips Plants

The name “oxlip” comes from the Greek word “oXe”, which means “flower”. The plant itself is called oxlipa, which literally means “the flower of the ox”. Some say it’s a reference to the fact that oxen are used for plowing and other agricultural work.

Others believe it refers to the fact that oxlips plants grow on hillsides where they look like flowers.

Owl Lip (or Owl Lip) Meaning:

In ancient times, owls were thought to have magical powers. They could see far away places and objects, but they couldn’t fly very high. So when they saw something that was pretty close up, their eyes would focus on it so much that they wouldn’t be able to get rid of the image once they got there.

That’s why owls tend to wear owl feathers in their hats. They’re usually depicted with one eye closed, which makes them look like they’re looking at something far away.

Primrose Meaning:

It may not seem like it, but this beautiful flower looks just like a rose! Primroses are actually quite common in nature. They have many uses including being edible and having medicinal properties.

The flower has been known to ward off evil spirits and heal wounds. Primroses are commonly grown for their bright colors and fragrant blooms. They have jagged edges, which are meant to defend the plant from hungry animals. They’re considered to be a symbol of hope and courage.

Primula Meaning:

Primula is a flower that you’ve probably seen in your own back yard before. It’s a very common plant that grows in most types of soil and can survive in the harshest of conditions. The plant grows in the shape of a daisy, with flowers that come in several bright colors.

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Primulas can be found nearly everywhere in the world. The plant has been used as a food source for centuries and its oils are said to have healing powers. Primula elatior is a particularly rare type of primula that is known for its bright red petals and its unusual height, growing to be about eight feet tall.

Primula elatior Meaning:

Primula elatior is a very common type of primula, with bright red flowers and long green stems. These plants can grow to be up to 8 feet tall and 4 feet wide, though most plants tend to stay smaller than that. The flowers grow in clusters of three and the petals have jagged edges.

Primula elatior grow best in wet, grassy fields. They like damp soil and prefer cooler temperatures. The flowers bloom from late spring all the way into fall, and sometimes even into the winter months. The roots, stems, and petals can be eaten, and they don’t taste terrible.

Oxlips are plants that are easy to find in the wilderness. They are recognizable by their red petals and heart-shaped leaves. It can be seen growing both in the wild and along the side of roads.

The plant has existed for centuries; it has been a popular choice among parents who want to teach their children about flowers. It has also been used as a symbol for romance in popular culture.

Oxlip Meaning:

The oxlip is an easy plant to find in forests, and along the side of roads. It’s recognizable by its red petals and heart-shaped leaves. The oxlip has been around for centuries; it’s a popular flower among parents who want to teach their children about flowers.

It has also been used as a symbol of romance in popular culture.

Pansy Meaning:

The pansy is a type of flower that comes in a wide variety of shapes and colors. Pansies are known for their bright faces and interesting personalities. While they are not the hardiest of creatures, the brighten up the lives of those who are willing to take care of them.

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Water Lilies Meaning:

The water lily is a plant that grows on the surface of lakes and ponds. The pads can range in color from green to red to purple and more. The flowers bloom during mid to late summer and have large petals that can range in color as well.

The plant can grow as big as a small boat for as small as a few inches, depending on how fertile the soil is. The roots of the lily pad help to purify the water that passes through it.

Beetle Scales Meaning:

The strange marking on this seed reminds you of a beetle’s shell.

Daffodil Meaning:

The daffodil is a type of flower that comes in a variety of shapes and sizes. The one you found is mostly yellow with a slight orange tint. It’s among the first flowers to bloom in the spring.

Foxglove Meaning:

The foxglove is a poisonous plant that bears purple or pink flowers with a bell shape. While the poison of the plant is strong it can be rendered harmless by removing its most toxic ingredients. The main psychoactive ingredient is digitalis, which can be turned into a medicine called digoxin to treat heart ailments and other conditions.

It can also be turned into a poison, which can cause death by an irregular heartbeat.

Hemlock Meaning:

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The hemlock is a plant that is well known for being extremely poisonous. Eating the roots or drinking water contaminated by the roots is enough to cause death within minutes. The plant regularly grows both in Persia and Greece, but it can be found in most areas of the world where it has been introduced.

Holly Berry Meaning:

The holly berry is the fruit of the holly plant. It’s commonly used during the winter months for celebrations and festivals. In some regions it’s sacred due to being a rare plant that grows only in a few select areas.

Eating the berries can be dangerous as they contain small amounts of poisonous hydrogen cyanide.

Juniper Berry Meaning:

The juniper berry is commonly found in the berries of the juniper plants. It’s commonly used as a flavoring in meals, and also to prevent food poisoning due to the berries antibacterial properties. It’s also been known to be used as medicine to improve one’s health.

Larkspur Meaning:

The larkspur is a type of flower that can grow just about anywhere. They’re small and relatively unremarkable, save for their pretty colors. The flower has no real purpose other than to look pretty, as it bears no fruit or seeds.

Life Tree Meaning:

The life tree is a large, sturdy tree that has a very long lifespan — some are even said to be immortal. They grow in most areas of the world. The life tree is often used as a symbol of longevity and long life, hence the name.

Lily Meaning:

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The lily is a type of flower that grows on both land and in water. It’s known for its large size and swollen stalk. Many different types of lilies exist in the world.

Lotus Meaning:

The lotus is a type of flower that can be found in most wetland areas. It’s known for its large, round shape and the thick scent it gives off. It’s a very rare plant that many consider beautiful and unique.

It has been said that the lotus can be found in three different variations: as a underwater plant, a land plant and a plant that grows in the air.

Lungwort Meaning:

The lungwort is a fungal species that is common in areas with much precipitation. The fungus earns its name from the fact that it looks like a cluster of lungs. They are most commonly blue, but other colors exist as well.

Marsh Marigold Meaning:

The marsh marigold is a type of flower that grows mostly in wetland areas. It’s known for its sunny disposition and cheerful demeanor. It emits a very bright yellow color, which has given it another name: the candleflower.

Meadow Glory Meaning:

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The meadow glory is a type of flower that grows in grassy areas with abundant sunlight. It’s known for its vibrant colors and its heavenly scent. It’s a very common sight in many parts of the world.

Morning Glory Meaning:

The morning glory is a flower that grows commonly on vines. It gets its name from the fact that it opens up around dawn and closes when the sun gets high in the sky. There are many different types of morning glory, but most are blue or purple in color.

Nettle Meaning:

Nettles are small plants with tiny, hard to see needles. They hurt just to touch, and they can get caught in your clothes. Some people have been known to react badly to nettles (similar to poison ivy) in certain areas of their skin.

Oak Meaning:

The oak is a large tree that grows commonly in many areas of the world. Its wood is used to create many things, such as furniture, buildings and oars. The acorns can be eaten or made into nutritious porridge.

Oak trees are important parts of both wildlife habitats and many human societies.

Oats Meaning:

Oats are a type of grain commonly grown in colder climates, but they grow in other places too. They’re easy to grow and most find their taste agreeable.

Olive Meaning:

Olive trees are common in the southern regions of the world, but can be grown in other places as well. They’re known for their oily fruits that are pressed to make oils. It’s an important ingredient in many food products.

Olive farmers often fall victim to pressers, thieves who steal the fruits before they can be pressed.

Olive trees grow fairly large, so their wood can be used to make things like weapons and tools.

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Orchid Meaning:

The orchid is a flower that grows commonly in jungle-like environments. It’s known for being very fragrant and having exotic purple colors. Some orchids are very large, while others are tiny.

They often play host to small insects that feed on their nectar. Many people enjoy the look and smell of these flowers.

Most orchids are rare and grow on high trees, so their collection is difficult. Many kings and queens desire these flowers for their beauty and rarity.

Owl Meaning:

Owls are a type of bird that’s known for its distinct calls in the evening. Their eyes can rotate in their heads, allowing them to see behind themselves without turning their bodies. They’re nocturnal and known for their sharp hearing and sight.

Owl feathers can be used to make quills, which are useful for writing.

Oyster Meaning:

Oysters are a type of shellfish that live in water. They’re known for being somewhat clumped together on rocks near water. While they’re edible, most find them to have a somewhat foul taste and prefer to spit out the slimy bivalves in their mouths rather than swallow them.

Oysters can be ground up and used as a nutritious supplement, but this is only practical if you have a lot of oysters.

Paintbrush Meaning:

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A paintbrush is a tool used for painting. It comes in many shapes and sizes, but the most common one consists of a block of wood with bristles coming out of it. The bristles are usually tied together at the base with some sort of string.

Paintbrushes are usually used for coloring in paintings, but some artists use them to “paint” words and symbols on surfaces such as stone.

Paintings can be created by using pigments of various colors. These can be mixed together to create more colors. Water is also used for this purpose, as it allows certain colors to blend and smudge into other colors.

The process takes a steady hand and a creative mind.

Paintings are sometimes valuable, depending on their subject matter and the artist who painted them. Most paintings are kept on the walls of homes, so they can be viewed regularly.

Painting requires the use of a brush mixed with various pigments. The pigment is then water is then applied to parchment, canvas or some other flat surface. The painting process is very time consuming.

Paintings can be created using a variety of tools. The most common choice is paintbrush mixed with water and pigment, but some artists create pencil sketches before painting them with a paintbrush.

Panther Meaning:

The panther is a large feline predator that lives in the forests and fields. They’re known for their sleek black fur and their great speed. While they’ve been known to hunt in the daytime, they’re most active at night.

They tend to hunt in the tall grass of a field or the trees of a forest. They can be identified by their pairs of dark ears and black eyes with a pinpoint of white in the center.

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Panthers are among the more peaceful creatures in Thyr. While they can be dangerous if provoked, they otherwise just try to get on with their lives. A panther will only attack another creature if it feels threatened or is trying to protect its kill from other predators such as bears.

Panthers aren’t picky when it comes to food. They’ll readily eat fruits and vegetables when they can get them, but they’re happy to feast on the meat of a freshly killed animal just as easily.

Parchment Meaning:

Parchment is a material made from dried skin. It is smoother than animal skin and can be used for writing. While parchment is more durable than regular paper tends to be more expensive.

Parrots Meaning:

Parrots are birds with colorful feathers and a talent for mimicking sounds.

They’re common in tropical climates, but can also be found in warmer regions.

Parrots are commonly kept as pets, but some species of parrot are endangered.

A popular myth states that parrots can live up to one-hundred years or more. While they don’t live quite that long, they can live for several decades.

Parsnip Meaning:

A parsnip is a root vegetable that grows under the ground. It has a soft, white interior and a lightly flavored taste. While most commonly eaten mashed or boiled, some chefs cut them into thin slices and fry them until they’re crispy.

Parrots are often fed parsnips as a treat, especially in lands where these birds thrive.

Pavement Meaning:

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Pavement are flat stones glued together used to create even ground. It’s most commonly used for roads. When ground is paved with stone, it makes it easier for people and horse drawn carriages to travel from one place to another.

Pavise Meaning:

A shield made of wood with leather or metal fasteners, Pavises are primarily used by archers and crossbowmen. While the shield protects the shooter from behind, it’s not as strong as a normal shield and will splinter and crack if it takes too much abuse.

Pawn Meaning:

The pawn is the least valuable piece in chess. It’s the most numerous piece on the board and can only move in one direction – forward. If a pawn moves into the final row, it becomes any piece the player chooses.

This piece could become anything from a wazia to a rook.

Paw Print Meaning:

Paw prints are left behind when a creature passes through an area. These prints are often found near the scene of a crime or in the dirt around a dead body.

The shape of a paw print can be analyzed by experts to see what creature left it behind.

Peacock Meaning:

A peacock is a large, vibrant bird with both male and female peafowl having an extremely large tail often referred to as a train. The long, multicolored feathers of the train are called ocular feathers. These feathers are so named for their resemblance to eyes.

Peacocks are known to be territorial and will aggressively protect their territory from others of its kind and other creatures that invade it. There is an inherent beauty to all creatures, but none more than the peacock, for God has imbued them with an innate desire to bedeck themselves with beautiful feathers.

Pelican Meaning:

A pelican is a large sea bird that has a large pouch under its beak. It uses this pouch to hold fish for its young. As the young pelicans grow, they push the already caught fish further into the pouch.

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Sometimes the parent pelican will have to use its beak like a barb on a fishing pole to pull the caught fish from the pouch and back out into the open, but it is well worth the struggle. Pious Christians hold this bird in high regard for its care of its children and symbolize motherhood with its image. It is sometimes referred to as a father bird, but this is incorrect.

Pendletons Meaning:

Pendletons are an undergarment that goes under the clothes. They’re usually worn by men in colder regions to keep them warm. They’re typically made of wool and have long sleeved shirts integrated into them.

It takes a certain type of bravery to wear one in the sweltering heat of a desert climate. It takes a sort of foolishness as well for, without the protection of your clothes, the sun can burn your skin.

Pendletons are considered by some to be a type of armor worn under normal clothing.

Peregrine falcon Meaning:

A peregrine falcon is a bird of prey with sharp, curved talons that it uses to kill its pray. These talons are strong enough to kill a hare, though the falcon prefers to feed on smaller prey such as birds and rodents.

This bird is very fast and can reach top speeds of 255 km/h during its dives. It flies in a specific type of vertical dive called a stoop to kill its prey. During this dive, the peregrine falcon reaches a speed that can shake its prey apart from the g-force alone.

Phylactery Meaning:

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A phylactery is a container used to hold the ashes of the dead. When someone dies, their body is burned and the remaining ashes are placed in a small container shaped like an urn. The urn is then enchanted so that it can never be opened.

These vessels are very hard to destroy and are often used to hold powerful creatures back from returning from whence they came.

Physical Resurrection:

A risky process that involves the dead individual being brought back from the dead. This is not a function of necromancy, but rather a natural talent some individuals have. The soul of the dead individual must first be captured and then brought back to the body.

A powerful ritual is then cast over the body to awaken it. It’s a very taxing ritual, and only works with humans. It can’t be cast over multiple people at once, the ritual can only work on one dead body at a time. If the body isn’t fresh, then the ritual usually fails.

It takes months for a body to become physically resurrected from death. The longer the body has been dead, the more decayed it is, and the less likely the ritual will be a success. This process can take years and requires frequent upkeep and maintenance to keep the individual alive and healthy.

Physical resurrections are very taxing for the individual body. There are complications that can easily arise due to the age of the body. Muscle decay, organ failure, brain death, and many other bodily functions can fail.

It is not unusual for a body to be resurrected only to enter a coma shortly after.

The amount of willpower an individual brings into the process also plays a major role in whether or not it succeeds. An individual who struggles against the ritual has a much higher chance of failing. Those with little to no willpower have a much better chance of success, but often die shortly after they’re resurrected.

This process is very expensive and can only be afforded by the extremely wealthy. Powerful nations that have made policies to support it rely on their slave trade to bring in fresh bodies for their necromancers to use. Very few individuals can afford such a luxury and are usually in the highest social classes.

If a body has been dead for more than a week, it cannot be resurrected due to the amount of decay that would’ve already set in.

The physical resurrection is the most complex ritual of all necromantic practices. It requires an extensive knowledge of the human anatomy, strong magic abilities, and a vast amount of resources to pull off.

Necromancers who perform this ritual are often given the title “lich”, which is short for “Lichedr”.

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Scourges are undead abominations that have been twisted by dark magic. They are often created in factories or “factories” where necromancers use large vats to create an endless supply of scourge bodies. The bodies are harvested from those that have been condemned to death, the criminal element, and the dead.

A necromancer will fill these tanks with various bodily fluids, chemicals, and ground up bodies. They will then cast a ritual to infuse the bodies with negative energy and see what comes out as a result.

The scourge are an incredibly morbid creation, as they are completely mindless and have to be constantly prodded into battle through dark magic. They’re often weak, but their numbers are bolstered by the fact that they can’t die, at least not permanently. Killed scourges can be raised again from the dead eventually.

The tank that creates these abominations is often labeled “the meat grinder” by those that have had to fight them.

Only the most sadistic and cruel necromancers practice this type of magic. They often work in factories, creating a never-ending supply of scourge to be used for their nation’s military endeavors.


The dark magic known as Chaos is unique in that it is not controlled by any nation. It’s often used by mercenaries, orques tribes, and other groups who do not have access to a nation’s support. A few wizards have also chosen to forsake their nations and practice chaos in remote locations out of sight.

Necromancers can draw upon the power of Chaos in place of Fel. They summon and create undead horrors. They can be used for any number of things, from infiltration to frontline assaults.

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Chaos often draws upon dark and negative emotions. It is a wild force that can inspire detrimental affects against those that channel it. Users of Fel are less affected, but all who practice it slowly loose their minds to insanity over time.

This has lead to the stereotype of chaos users being insane.

A group of chaos users. Most are likely to be orques or from orque tribes, mercenaries, or from non-aligned tribes.

Creatures of Chaos:

There are a number of creatures that draw upon the power of Chaos. The most notable are the svelk, elves that traded their very souls for the ability to wield dark magic centuries ago.

These elves often have pale white skin and black hair as their very souls are dyed with the color of midnight. They are much like the elves they originated from, except they’ve traded their mundane lives for the ability to draw upon the power of chaos. They often become mercenaries, or wander to other parts of the world to practice their skills.

Chaos magic can also be found in the creation of abominations. These include horrific beasts like the centaurs, harpies, minotaurs and similar creatures. While these creatures have been “tamed” to an extent and can be used in battle, they cannot be controlled and are considered too wild for use in other ways.

Chaos magic is also found in the form of auras. Auras surround powerful beings, such as the Emperor. They affect the minds of others and can change the tide of battle.

While rare, some individuals can be born with a natural aura. Most auras have static affects, but there are rumors of sentient auras, such as the one possessed by the Emperor. These auras can actively affect the mind and are more like a magic spell than an innate trait.

The final notable feature of chaos is the existence of daemons. The daemons are immortal creatures that draw their power straight from the realm of chaos itself. Their nature is to destroy and consume, and it often times on the mortal realm.

They are not native to Nalzambor and appear only when called, normally by powerful magic. They are known to ally with mortals who can draw them into the mortal realm.

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Nalzambor is a land filled with strife. It has been for centuries as petty warlords fight for control of land. However, not all are in a rush to reach unity.

Some find the status and order of things adequately satisfying.

The Empire is the most notable empire in Nalzambor. It is lead by the Immortal Emperor, an ancient being who has ruled for nearly two millennia. His name was long lost to history, but he is known by the title given to him for his legendary deeds.

The Empire stretches from the bitter cold of Rask to the blazing desert of Durgan and everywhere in between.

Most of the population lives as thralls under their respective tribes, nations or city-states, but some do enjoy the benefits and security that come with living under a stronger government. Slavery still exists, but is not as prominent in the Empire as it is elsewhere.

The Empire is very technologically advanced compared to the rest of the world. Guns, cannons, and a wide variety of mechanical devices are used in war. There are internal struggles from region to region, but the government is always attempting to keep things together and remain stable.

The Rask frontier is mostly controlled by criminal organizations that do not acknowledge the Empire’s authority. Most citizens are either indentured servants or under the influence of criminal overlords. The land is run by criminals, for criminals.

The Felkan Kingdom is the strongest nation in Nalzambor. It was once a proud military state, but has since become a proper kingdom with an emphasis on order and law. Most prominent criminal organizations in Rask pay the Felkan Kingdom for protection, as they have an increasingly large military.

The Felkan Kingdom also has strong ties to the Empire, enough that it is considered a vanguard against Rask. If war ever broke out between the Empire and the Felkan Kingdom, the Empire would lend aid to the Felkan Kingdom.

The Felkan Kingdom has a powerful navy, strong military and well trained citizens. It has influence over several islands off the coast of Rask as well as expansionistic ideas towards Rask proper.

The Orcs of Drak thrak are a series of city-states and small tribes located in the southern region of Rask. Recently, the tribes united to form a single nation. They have strict rules regarding magic and only allow its use by Shamans who are tasked with keeping the faith alive.

The rest of the population is primarily warrior-type people.

The Orcs of Drak thrak have no real interest in expansion, but they do defend their territory zealously. They also have no major allies, and trade mainly with the Forsaken of Nuro and those that visit their lands for various reasons.

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The Forsaken are a group remnants of the Neroth cult that was destroyed during the events of Chapter 2. The survivors fled to various places, but eventually overcrowding and lack of resources in their current locations forced them to merge into one large community. Their leader is Gideon, the only remaining known priest of Neroth.

With his guidance, they are attempting to resurrect their dead god.

Their current location is unknown. They could be anywhere.

The gnomes of Flogger tribe live in the mountains of Rask. They occasionally visit the surface world to trade (and occasionally steal) various things.

As their name suggests, they are a tribe of gnomes that mostly consists of tinkers. They are generally friendly towards other people, so long as they aren’t evil. Their leader is Chief Togbang.

The Felkan Kingdom is ruled by the royals. Currently, there are two in power, a brother and sister royal pair with the siblings being twins. The king is Eldolith ex-Morningstar, named so because of her infamous father who was the head of the Morningstar mercenaries that worked for the Empire decades ago.

The queen is Albreda.

You may remember her being the shy, quiet girl that was in Sister Catalina’s class during your time at the Academy. Back then, Albreda tried to avoid all contact with others. It is a bit surprising to you that she managed to become queen.

While she still isn’t what you would call social, she is a lot more outgoing and friendly than she once was. The siblings get along, for the most part. They have the same goals in mind for the kingdom. One of those being expanding into Rask.

The Felkan Kingdom has a strong military and powerful navy. They also have trade routes with several other nations and are generally on good terms with them all.

The new Western Confederacy is made up of five towns; three Human, one Elven and one Dwarven. The capital is Madeilen, which is located in the former Thon region. The leader of this new confederacy is former Thon’s Reach Mayor Daniel Mathers.

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He started rebuilding the town not long after the Empire abandoned it and eventually took control of the other four towns, forming the confederacy with them. The Dwarves of Kal Torlin refused to join, claiming that their mined out and collapsed tunnels were not worth the effort it would take to make them liveable again. The Elves of Elvendale outright refused to join, much like they did during the Empire. As for the Holgard Republic, the Confederacy and it have been trading insults over the Rasktrade river.

The new Confederacy is actually not on particularly good terms with the Kingdom, despite both being on the same side in this war.

The Felkan Kingdom and the New Confederacy have been trading insults with each other for along time. This has escalated into a few small skirmishes in Rask, but nothing major has happened yet.

Unsurprisingly, the Church of Joachim has next to no presence here, instead being replaced by various Varsite priests preaching the worship of Dendrin. The only Joachimites in the area are a few wandering missionaries. They keep to the major towns, trying to spread the word of Joachim and avoid hostile folk.

Finally, there are the Everhale Elves. Their village is actually located in the former elven forest region of the Arat province. Like the dwarves of Kal Torlin, they were dug out of the mountainside when the Empire abandoned the area.

Unlike the dwarves, they actually welcomed the gnomes’ entrance into the Arat province. The reasons why are unknown to most and speculation ranges from them wanting to exploit any new trade opportunities to simply wanting to help fellow underground dwellers.

The elves have a reasonably sized military, but have not involved themselves in the war. It is known that they trade with both the Felkan Kingdom and the New Confederacy. Given how close to Arat province they are, there are many theories to why they have not become more involved in the conflict.

The most popular one being that they want to remain friendly with all parties for trading purposes.

Sources & references used in this article:

Primula elatior Jacquin: its distribution in Britain by M Christy – Journal of Ecology, 1922 – JSTOR

Natural hybridization in Britain between Primula vulgaris Huds (the primrose) and P. elatior (L.) Hill (the oxlip) by RAY TABOR

Studies in British Primulas. II. Ecology and taxonomy of primrose and oxlip (Primula vulgaris Huds. and P. elatior Schreb.) by SRJ Woodell – Watsonia, 1969 – Citeseer

Studies in British Primulas. I. Hybridization between primrose and oxlip (Primula vulgaris Huds. and P. elatior Schreb.) by DH Valentine – The New Phytologist, 1948 – JSTOR

The Works of Charles Darwin: Vol 26: The Different Forms of Flowers on Plants of the Same Species by DH Valentine – The New Phytologist, 1947 – JSTOR



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