The following is a brief description of the cauliflower plant and its characteristics.
Cauliflowers are plants that produce small, greenish flowers called “cauliflowers” or “kale heads.” They grow from stems (or stalks) that resemble those of broccoli. They have a similar shape but smaller size. The leaves are usually round, oval, or elliptical in shape and are arranged in pairs along each side of the stalk.
They vary greatly in color from light green to dark green. Most varieties have only one leaf at a time; others may have two or three. Some varieties will flower all year long while other types do not bloom until spring or summertime.
Cauliflower is a member of the cabbage family and belongs to the same genus as broccoli. Other members of this genus include turnips, kohlrabi, radishes, and Brussels sprouts. However, cauliflower differs from these vegetables in having a flatter stem than most other members of this genus. These flat stems make it easier for the plant to spread out horizontally rather than vertically like some members of this genus do.
The plant has green, thick, and smooth leaves. The heads grow out of the middle of a cluster of leaves that sit on top of the main stalk. They start out small and white. Then they gradually mature until they are a vibrant shade of purple.
After that, they gradually start to turn green, and this is when you know it is time to harvest. The head eventually turns into a yellowish color when it is old.
Sources & references used in this article:
Light harvesting enhancement for dye-sensitized solar cells by novel anode containing cauliflower-like TiO2 spheres by L Yang, Y Lin, J Jia, X Xiao, X Li, X Zhou – Journal of Power Sources, 2008 – Elsevier
Quality of cauliflower as influenced by film wrapping during shipment by F Artés, JA Martínez – European Food Research and Technology, 1999 – Springer
Large-scale cauliflower-shaped hierarchical copper nanostructures for efficient photothermal conversion by P Fan, H Wu, M Zhong, H Zhang, B Bai, G Jin – Nanoscale, 2016 – pubs.rsc.org
Intercropping based on cauliflower: more productive, profitable and highly sustainable by E Yildirim, I Guvenc – European Journal of Agronomy, 2005 – Elsevier
Cauliflower plants having a long stem by J Mozsár, S Groen, P Tjeertes – US Patent 7,759,550, 2010 – Google Patents