What are some good celery companion plants?

Celeriac (Lactuca virosa) – This is one of the most popular celery companion plants. It grows well in all climates and soils. It is easy to grow and it produces large amounts of tender green leaves which make excellent companions for other vegetables such as carrots, onions, potatoes or spinach.

Chicory (Tradescantia spp. and Tradescantus spp.) – This herbaceous perennial plant makes a great addition to any garden. It’s small size allows it to blend into many different types of soil conditions.

Chicory is drought tolerant and tolerates poor drainage conditions. It is not frost hardy but will survive temperatures down to -10°F (-23°C). Its flowers are fragrant with white, pink or purple petals and they last for several weeks after blooming. They are eaten fresh or dried.

Collards (Brassicaceae family) – Collards have long been used as a vegetable and in salads. They are low maintenance plants that produce abundant yields year round. Their short flowering period means they need less space than most other greens so they can be planted close together without crowding each other out. Collard greens can tolerate hot weather better than most other greens and thrive in dry areas too.

Endive (Cichorium Endivia) – A fast growing perennial with low water requirements, it is frost hardy and tolerates poor soil. It is a popular salad vegetable that has a slightly bitter taste. It can easily be grown from seed or transplanted. It may need staking as it can get top heavy if the leaves are not harvested regularly.

This is a good companion to celery, cucumbers and peas.

Kale (Brassicaceae family) – Kale is a nutritious green manure crop that fixates nitrogen in the soil when it is tilled under. It grows well in cooler weather and can tolerate frost. It prefers rich soil and does best when it is heavily watered. It is slow growing and takes about 70 to 80 days to reach maturity.

This plant is easy to grow but does not tolerate extreme heat.

Sources & references used in this article:

A comparison of naturally growing vegetation vs. border-planted companion plants for sustaining parasitoids in pomegranate orchards by M Kishinevsky, T Keasar, AR Harari, E Chiel – Agriculture, Ecosystems & …, 2017 – Elsevier

Characterization of AgMaT2, a plasma membrane mannitol transporter from celery, expressed in phloem cells, including phloem parenchyma cells by M Juchaux-Cachau, L Landouar-Arsivaud… – Plant …, 2007 – Am Soc Plant Biol

Potential of crude seed extract of celery, Apium graveolens L., against the mosquito Aedes aegypti (L.)(Diptera: Culicidae). by …, U Chaithong, P Chaiwong, A Jitpakdi… – Journal of Vector …, 2004 – cabdirect.org

Companion plants and how to use them by H Philbrick, RB Gregg – 2012 – books.google.com

A Study Regarding the Effects of Intercropping Celery with Cauliflower and Cherry Tomatoes by L Riotte – 1998 – Storey Publishing

A study of the effects of planting density and pattern on cucumber yield and yield components in its intercropping with celery. by FM GALEA, N MUNTEANU… – … of University of …, 2017 – journals.usamvcluj.ro

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