Nootka Rose Info: History And Uses Of Nootka Wild Roses
The history of the Nootkas is quite interesting. They are native to the area where they live now called “Northwest Coast”.
There were two tribes living there at one time, but they disappeared due to wars and other reasons. But their descendants still exist today, and they have been cultivating plants since long ago. The Nootkans used to grow many different kinds of flowers, fruits and vegetables. Today they only cultivate some of these plants, such as the wild roses (nootka) and the baldharts (muktuk).
The Baldhorns are not native to North America. They originated from South Africa, where they were introduced into Australia.
Since then they spread all over the world. Some of them are cultivated in Europe, Asia and North America.
In the past, the Nootkan tribe was divided into several groups. Each group had its own chief or leader.
These chiefs could make decisions without consulting others. However, nowadays most of the members of these groups live together under one government called “the Empire” which governs everything in this region. The Empire’s ruler is the emperor, who has absolute power over everyone in his region.
The Nootkans are known for their very good medical abilities. Even though they rely on magic and religious beliefs as a base for their knowledge, they still make good use of scientific methods to achieve their goals.
Thanks to this combination, they managed to cure many deadly diseases that plagued their ancestors.
The Nootkans are also very skilled in arts and crafts. They blend this skill with their knowledge of nature to produce many products.
One of them is wild rose oil, which they use in perfumes and incense manufacture. Other examples include dyes made from plants, clothing made from plant fibers and fur, musical instruments, and many others.
The Nootka wild rose (Rosa Nutkana) grows naturally all over the northwest region of North America. They mostly grow in coastal areas, where the soil is loose and sandy.
The Indians gather the wild roses for many purposes. They are used to make perfumes, and also to produce oil to burn in lamps. The Indians use this oil for religious ceremonies.
The Nootka Indians gather the rose hips and produce juice from them. The juice is then boiled until it thickens into a reddish mass.
This mass is then cooked until it becomes hard. Finally, it is broken into pieces and stored for future use.
The Indians use this substance as a medicine to treat colds and respiratory problems. They also use it as a food additive to provide extra calories in their diets.
It has an acidic taste similar to that of aspirin (trade name Acetylsalicylic Acid). It is not known exactly what chemical compounds exist in this plant that give it its medicinal value.
The Nootka Indians have also used the wild rose for hundreds of years as a food source. The Indians eat the fruits directly or cook them into cakes.
They pick the flower petals and steep them in boiling water to make a sweet drink. Sometimes, they add berries or seaweed to change the taste.
For generations, the Nootka Indians have burned the dried petals of these flowers and inhaled the smoke to relieve headaches. They also believe that smoking the dried petals can induce a kind of “dream state”.
These people mix ground-up petals with other plant materials (often grasses) and make cigarettes. Some groups still use this method to relieve stress, even though most now smoke tobacco in the form of manufactured cigarettes.
The Nootkan Indians also use the petals as a food colouring to give a distinct reddish tint to foods such as pasta and ice cream. In the past, the Nootkans have also used this substance as a dye in artwork.
They grind the petals up and mix them with gelatine to produce a paint that retains its colour.
There is some evidence that wild rose might have some medical value. It may be able to prevent excessive bleeding, reduce swelling and relieve pain.
It is also possible that it might be able to fight certain types of cancer, although this has not been proven.
The Nootkan Indians have used the hips, or fruits, of the rose plant as food for centuries. They were often eaten fresh or they could be dried and stored for future use.
The fruits are rich in vitamin C.
Despite the many uses of the plant, it is not without its dangers. Every part of the rose plant (including the fruit and wilted petals) contains a strong poison that can kill an adult human.
Even the smoke from burning dried petals can cause illness and even death.
Like many other herbal medicines, rose hip is not without its risks. However, it has been used for centuries by the Nootkan Indians, and is unlikely to disappear from use anytime soon.
The Nootkan Rose (Rosa Nutkana) is found on every coastal island of the North West region of North America, from Alaska down to California and inland about half way to the Rockies. The berries are fairly tasteless and very small, but are said to be edible.
It was the only native rose of the area, and exists in great profusion all around the seashore.
In winter and spring it has pretty clusters of flowers, which have a peculiarly delicious fragrance, more like that of ripe pineapples than of roses. As the name Nutkana indicates, it is found in Nootka Sound and other parts of Vancouver Island.
The Indians eat the hips of the rose and they are said to have been used as a substitute for tea.
The Nochtkan Rose (Rosa nutkana) has very small edible berries, although only slightly sweet. The chief value of the plant is as a decorative garden subject.
It grows rapidly from seed, is very hardy and succeeds in any but the poorest soil if near the sea. There is a white flowered form called Alba and a pink one Rubra.
The name nutkan is derived from the Indian tribe living in British Columbia near Nootka Sound where it was first found.
The Nootkan Rose (Rosa nutkana) and the Alaska white rose (R. albiflora) are closely related species and can easily be mistaken for one another.
They have smaller flowers than most roses, but they have a very sweet scent. They spread rapidly by means of underground stolons and can be used as ground cover. They do best in a fairly rich moist soil, but will grow almost anywhere.
The Nootkan Indians are the native people of Oregon, Washington and Vancouver. Surprisingly, the wild rose is the only rose native to northwestern America.
The berries of this plant contain Vitamin C and were eaten by the Nootkan tribe to prevent scurvy.
Nootka Rose, or the wild rose as it is sometimes called, is found on every coast of North America, from the coldest parts of Alaska to the hot dry south of California. It grows best in a damp soil, such as that found near the sea-coast, but will do very well in almost any soil if there is plenty of moisture in it.
It is an extremely hardy plant and will grow almost anywhere, even on land which everyone else considers to be incapable of growing anything.
It is extremely tolerant of pollution and will thrive in areas where most plants would quickly die. It is a very fast growing plant and a patch of it can soon cover an area several metres wide.
The rose grows tall with arching stems and its thorny stems make it an ideal barrier plant. If left unchecked it will soon grow into a thick hedge.
“It’s nice out here, I kind of wish that I brought something to draw with. I could draw a picture of this place, it’s really picturesque.
The rolling green fields, the wind blowing through the long grass, the wild flowers in the fields… wait, is that someone else out there?”
The farmer quickly gets up and runs back to the farmhouse, leaving you alone in the field. A little while later a young girl comes out to see what you are doing.
She is pretty, with long blonde hair and deep blue eyes. She can’t be any older than twelve, but she seems to be intelligent and curious enough for someone twice her age.
She is curious about you, and comes right up to you without showing any fear. You try to ask her who she is and where you are, but neither of you can understand the other.
You try to communicate in a variety of ways, including miming, using your hands to form the words and even trying to pronounce words the way that you think they are said, all without success. Eventually you manage to communicate that you come from a place called “England” and that you launched your boat from a place called “Penzance”. This information excites her a great deal and she rushes back into the house. She returns a little while later with a book and some pencils. She proudly shows you pictures of her family, including one of her with her father standing in front of this very farmhouse.
At last you are beginning to understand each other. You explain that you are a sailor who was blown off course in a storm and ended up on the coast nearby.
She tells you that you are in a place called Minnesota and that it is land-locked, hundreds of miles from any sea. You both wonder how you can get back home from here.
Her name is Karen, and she tells you that she goes to a school in a town called Minneapolis. You have no idea where that is, but she gives you clear directions on how to get there.
All you need to do is travel towards the setting sun, cross a big river called the Mississippi and head towards a big rock shaped like an arrowhead. Once you find that, you head straight towards it and then turn left and you will come to Minneapolis. She tells you that from there you should be able to find your way back to England.
With this new information and the help of Karen’s map, you think that you could probably find your way to Minneapolis. Karen is worried about you and wants to let someone know where you are in case you get lost on your way to the town.
She describes you to her mother, who listens attentively and seems relieved that at least someone knows where you are.
Karen and her mother seem reluctant to see you leave and offer you some food before you go. After accepting a few slices of homemade bread and some jam, you think that you are ready to continue your journey.
You spend the next two days following Karen’s directions. You walk for miles and see more wildflowers than you ever knew existed.
You look at endless fields of wheat and canola with their heads bowed in the sunshine, and pass several more homesteads just like Karen’s in the two days it takes to reach Minneapolis.
Sources & references used in this article:
“The importance of a rose”: evaluating the cultural significance of plants in Thompson and Lillooet Interior Salish by NJ Turner – American anthropologist, 1988 – Wiley Online Library
Nootka Sound and the Surrounding Waters of Maquinna by JR Jewitt, R Alsop – 1896 – London: C. Wilson
Host plant use by apple maggot, western cherry fruit fly, and other Rhagoletis species (Diptera: Tephritidae) in central Washington state by H Harbord – 1996 – books.google.com
Unchecked and Unbalanced: How the Discrepancy Between Knowledge and Power Caused the Financial Crisis and Threatens Democracy by WL Yee – The Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 2008 – BioOne
Constructing Colonial Discourse: Cook at Nootka Sound, 1778 by SJ Liebowitz – 2011 – JSTOR
BALDHIP ROSE by NE Currie – 2005 – books.google.com
Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of native Rosa sp. from British Columbia, Canada by R gymnocarpa Nutt – Citeseer