Wood Anemones are very interesting plants. They have been used in ancient times for their medicinal properties and they are still being used today. For instance, there is a plant called “Sooty Elm” which contains high amounts of Vitamin C and it helps fight cancer cells. There is another one called “Horsenettle” which has a great effect on blood pressure. These two types of trees produce many different kinds of medicine that can cure various diseases. Another type of tree is known as “Anemone”. Anemones are not only useful for medicine but they also have other uses such as making beautiful flowers, edible fruits or even paper.
The wood anemone (Aurea) belongs to the order Nymphalidae. The name comes from the Greek word anema meaning “wax” and melia meaning “nurse”.
It is a member of the family Angiosperms. Its scientific name is Aequorea victoriae. The genus Aurea includes over 600 species worldwide and most of them grow naturally in tropical regions.
There are several ways to cultivate wood anemones: planting them in pots; growing them out of soil; using chemicals like fertilizer, pesticides, etc.; or growing them in water.
The first two ways are the most common ones.
It is a beautiful plant that can grow to a height of about 30 cm and can even reach over 1.5 m when growing with lots of light.
It has green stems, very slender leaves and lovely flowers which bloom all year round but mostly during spring and autumn. Its roots can sometimes be used for herbal medicine. Skin irritation, fungal diseases and even fever can be treated by using some types of wood anemone.
The anemone (Anemone) belongs to the order Ranunculales. Its Latin name is Anemone coronaria.
The family includes many species such as buttercup, columbine and even opium poppy.
Anemones are flowers that blow all year round but mostly in spring and autumn. They are famous for their colored flowers, which can be seen from afar due to their large size.
It contains many types of flowers such as the wood anemone, the anemone cylindrica and the anemone nemorosa. Each flower has its own set of characteristics and can only grow under certain conditions.
The wood anemone is a beautiful plant that grows in clusters of green-colored leaves. It can be found in mountains, hills or even woods.
It can also be seen growing alone in forests or grasslands, but in smaller quantities. Most of the time these flowers grow individually. The green leaves are divided into three sections, is as long as a finger and has ribs that extend from the base. It gives off a wonderful fragrance which attracts small insects for pollination. Its stems can grow up to about 30-40 centimeters and have many white colored flowers on top, shaped like a funnel. Unlike most other types of anemones, its petals contain black spots. The fruit that grows from this plant is green in color and contains lots of small seeds. All parts of the wood anemone are considered edible. It can be eaten cooked or raw.
The anemone cylindrica grows in clusters, just like the wood anemone. The difference is that it only grows in clusters and not individually.
Most of the time it can be found in grassy areas or forests and on the plains of Eurasia and North America. It can also be found in mountainous areas. The cylindrica’s leaves are green and has no ribs. Its flowers are white in color and has a diameter of about 5 centimeters. It is considered to be a good remedy for headaches, especially those caused by warm weather conditions.
The anemone nemorosa only grows individually unlike the wood anemone and its cluster cousin (the cylindrica). It mostly grows on the plains of Eurasia but also in mountainous areas.
It can also be found in North America. Its flowers are white in color and has a diameter of about 6 centimeters. It is considered to be a good remedy for headaches, especially those caused by cold weather conditions.
Cultivation Of Wood Anemone
It is easy to grow Anemones, they grow in most types of soil and can survive in almost all types of climates. The best time to plant them is spring although it can also be done in autumn.
One should separate the seeds from its fruit and clean the fruit, leaving only the seeds. The seeds should then be lightly covered with soil and watered. After this one must keep watering it every few days but ensure that the soil does not become waterlogged. It grows very quickly and can flower within a year of planting.
Cultivation Of The Cylindrica
Like with the Anemone, it is easy to grow the cylindrica, it grows in most types of soils although sand is the best type of soil to grow them in. One should clean any excess fruit off the plants (only the seeds should remain) and lightly cover them with soil.
Then water the seeds. The seeds should then be watered every few days but ensure that the soil does not become waterlogged. It also grows very quickly and can flower within a year of planting.
Cultivation Of The Cuthbertsonii
This plant is a little harder to take care of than the other types of Wood Anemone. It grows in almost all types of soil but they should be loose and well drained.
It also needs a lot of water so one should ensure that the soil is well watered every few days. It is able to flower within a year.
Other Types Of Anemone
There are hundreds of types of anemones that are found throughout the world. This guide only contains information on three types of anemones that are commonly found, or at least known, across the globe.
Each type is very different to another and each have their own unique flowers.
The Wood Anemone is by far the most common type of anemone and is also one of the easiest to grow. It is found across the globe in most types of soil and can survive in almost all types of climates (although it cannot survive in the cold temperatures found at the poles).
It flowers from late spring to late autumn.
The Cylindrica is a type of anemone that is also found across the globe in most types of soils. It is not as common as the Wood Anemone but can still be found in large quantities.
It can survive in most types of soils and climates. It flowers from the beginning of spring to late summer.
The Cuthbertsonii is a rare type of anemone that only grows in certain types of soil and places. It can only be found on certain mountains in central Asia.
It grows slowly and does not flower easily so it is often seen as a sign of uniqueness and elegance.
The daisy family consists of hundreds of different types of flowers. There are probably more types of daisies across the globe than any other type of flower.
This is a brief guide to help you identify and grow them.
There are three types of common daisies: the Shrubby Cinquefoil, the Tall Cinquefoil and the White Cinquefoil.
The Shrubby Cinquefoil is a short plant that only grows to be about 10-15cm. It has five yellow petals with distinctive dark yellow blotches at the base of each petal.
It grows in most types of soil and can flower all year round Flower wise, it is not particularly special but it is still worth identifying.
Sources & references used in this article:
Habitat-correlated seed germination behaviour in populations of wood anemone (Anemone nemorosa L.) from northern Italy by A Mondoni, R Probert, G Rossi, F Hay… – Seed Science …, 2008 – researchgate.net
Long-term phyto-, ornitho-and ichthyophenological time-series analyses in Estonia by R Ahas – International Journal of Biometeorology, 1999 – Springer
Properties of saponin from wood anemone. by J Grujić-Vasić, E Kovač – Planta Medica, 1990 – cabdirect.org
The wild garden: or, The naturalization and natural grouping of hardy exotic plants, with a chapter on the garden of British wild flowers by P Oudolf, H Gerritsen – 2019 – Timber Press
Forest herbs in the face of global change: a single-species-multiple-threats approach for Anemone nemorosa by W Robinson – 1894 – books.google.com
Anemone patens: prairie crocus, crocus anemone, pasqueflower by L Baeten, P De Frenne, K Verheyen… – Plant Ecology and …, 2010 – ingentaconnect.com
The New England Wild Flower Society guide to growing and propagating wildflowers of the United States and Canada by K Gould, S Wood, A Smreciu – 2013 – era.library.ualberta.ca
Anemone canadensis: Canada anemone, meadow anemone by W Cullina – 2000 – books.google.com
… : a descriptive list of the plants growing wild within eighteen miles of Manchester, with notices of the plants commonly cultivated in gardens; preceded by an … by A Smreciu, K Gould, S Wood – 2013 – era.library.ualberta.ca