How To Grow & Care For Guava Tree From Cutting
Growing From Cuts Of Guava Plant
Grown By A Professional Gardener
Guava Plant Growing Tips: How To Grow And Care For Guava Fruit Trees. If you are interested in growing guavas, then it is better if you read this article first before proceeding with your own cultivation.
You will get a good idea of what kind of care you need to give them.
What Is A Cut Of Guava Plant?
A cut of guava plant is a piece of the fruit that has been removed from the stem or branch. There are two types of cuts: 1) The main part of the fruit (the upper half), which includes all the fleshy parts; 2) The lower portion, which consists only of seeds. Some varieties have both kinds of cuts.
The main part of the fruit contains all the fleshy parts, including the seed pods. These include:
1) The black skinned fruits (Prunus persica).
They are round, oval or oblong in shape and have a thin layer of hard pulp inside. They range in size from one inch to four inches across.
The pulp is white and firm when ripe.
2) The yellow-orange fruits (Prunus serotina).
The skin is harder and thicker than the black-skinned fruits.
The lower part consists only of seeds and is too bitter to be eaten. It is usually thrown away when preparing the fruit for eating.
Some people do not like the cuts, as they believe that they do not ever have quite the same flavor as the whole fruit. Others feel that the cut guavas are more plentiful and less messy to eat.
What Is Guava?
Guava is a common tropical plant of the Myrtle family. It has a hairy brown bark, palmate leaves and green flowers. The calyx lobes are short and rounded. It has small, oval-shaped pointed fruits with green skin, which ripen to yellow or golden-yellow. They have soft, juicy, jelly-like flesh and many round black seeds. When fully ripe the fruit gives off a powerful aroma.
Guava is another name for many species of trees and shrubs having edible fruit. The most common guavas are: 1) The black-skinned guava (Psidium Guajava), which grows in the Southern states; 2) The common yellow guava, (Psidium cattleianum), which is grown in Florida and other parts of the South; and 3) The Apple Guava (Psidium Cattleyanum), which is grown in South Florida.
Guava is more common in tropical countries for its delicious flavor, than in the US. It is used mainly for making jelly, preserves and wine.
The seeds are also toasted and eaten as a substitute for coffee. Guavas have been recommended for treating diarrhea and other intestinal disorders.
What Are The Interesting Facts About Guava Trees?
Guava is a woody, evergreen tree or shrub, with brown furrowed bark and palmate leaves. The flowers are greenish-white in large terminal panicles. The fruit is pear-shaped with a yellow or pinkish rind, containing soft jelly-like flesh and many small seeds.
Guava can grow up to 30 feet high, but is usually much smaller. This plant does not tolerate cold weather.
Guava is one of the most extensively cultivated fruits in the tropics, especially in Central America, the West Indies, and parts of southern Asia. It is cultivated throughout tropical Asia up to an altitude of 3,000 feet in India.
Guavas are also grown in Florida, the Caribbean Islands, Hawaii and Australia.
The guava is a native of South America, probably Brazil, but was first cultivated in Tahiti from whence it obtained its common name.
Where Are Guava Trees Grown?
Guava trees are grown in warmer climates around the world. They can grow in most places where other fruits grow, as long as the temperature stays above 32º F. They are mainly grown for their edible fruits. The tree is not grown on a large scale but is common in many gardens and orchards.
What Does A Guava Look Like?
The guava is a small tree which can reach 15 feet in height, but is usually kept shorter by pruning. The leaves are opposite, oval and up to 2 1/2 inches long. The flowers are white or yellow with a reddish base and are produced in dense terminal panicles.
The fruit is green or yellow when ripe, oval or pear-shaped and may be from 1 to 3 inches long. It is soft, juicy and acidic.
These plants are dioecious, so there are separate male and female plants. Only the female plants produce the fruit.
How Are Guava Trees Grown?
Guava plants can be grown from seeds or from grafts or layering of cuttings. Seeds should be soaked in water for 24 hours before planting to improve the chance of germination.
The seed must be planted very carefully because even a slight damage can prevent it from growing. A very shallow hole should be created and the seed placed in it.
Once the plant starts to grow, it will need support, so the stem should be tied to a small stick to help it grow upwards.
Guava plants grow well in light to dense shade and require lots of water. They also need a lot of organic matter in the soil.
When growing guavas from cuttings, ensure that the cutting has been taken when the plant is in active growth and insert it into moist soil. The best time to do this is in the spring.
What Is The Best Way To Care For Guava Trees?
Caring for guava trees is quite easy. They need to be watered well and need a lot of fertilizer along with organic matter mixed into the soil. Guava trees like organic matter such as decayed leaves or grass clippings mixed into the soil.
Guava trees can survive in most climates and tolerate frost, but they do not do well in hot weather and will need extra water and protection if grown in hot areas.
Guava trees are fairly disease resistant. They can suffer from scale insects, but these can be controlled by using an appropriate pesticide.
The guava moth can cause the fruit to become deformed, but this usually does not kill the tree.
Guava trees are quite fast growing and multiple crops of fruit can be produced within a few years.
What Diseases Or Problems Can Guava Trees Have?
The main pest of guava trees is the guava psylla, a small jumping insect. This insect feeds on the leaves of the plant and causes them to wilt and become deformed.
The fruit can be affected by a fungus called gray mold which spreads over it and makes it inedible. The fruit can also be attacked by the guava fruit moth which turns it into a mushy, inedible mess.
Sources & references used in this article:
Guava growing in the florida home landscape by JH Crane, CF Balerdi – 2015 – egovlink.com
Guava: An exotic fruit with potential in Queensland by CM Menzel – Queensland Agricultural Journal, 1985 – researchgate.net
Growing guava for processing by RA Hamilton, H Seagrave-Smith – 1959 – 184.108.40.206
Knowledge Based System for Diagnosing Guava Problems by I Dheir, SS Abu-Naser – International Journal of Academic …, 2019 – papers.ssrn.com
Rapid clonal propagation of guava through in vitro shoot proliferation on nodal explants of mature trees by MN Amin, VS Jaiswal – Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture, 1987 – Springer
Phenological stages of the guava tree (Psidium guajava L.) by DM Salazar, P Melgarejo, R Martínez, JJ Martínez… – Scientia …, 2006 – Elsevier
Occurrence of insect pests on guava (Psidium guajava) tree by M Sarwar – Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 2006 – zsp.com.pk
Identification and Characterization of Pestalotiopsis spp. Causing Scab Disease of Guava, Psidium guajava, in Hawaii by LM Keith, ME Velasquez, FT Zee – Plant Disease, 2006 – Am Phytopath Society