Madagascar Palm Care: How To Grow Madagas
The following are some facts about Madagascar Palm (Pelargonium falcatum) which you may need to know before starting your own home plantation of Madagascar Pines.
1. The name “madagascar” comes from the Malagasy word for “pearl”.
2. The species name is Pelargonia excelsa or Pelargonia excelsa var.
3. The genus name is Peltigerus.
4. There are over 500 species of palms worldwide and only 20 species of the genus Peltigerus.
Most of them grow in tropical climates and they have no natural enemies other than humans who destroy their habitat with deforestation and development activities such as building roads, dams, etc..
5. All species of Peltigerus belong to the family Elaeagnaceae.
6. The genus Peltigerus contains several subspecies, but all of them are found in Africa and Asia.
7. Peltigerus albiflora – native to Madagascar; it grows in dry areas and is not very hardy; it is susceptible to diseases like black rot, leaf spot, powdery mildew, scale blight and stem rust.
8. Peltigerus madagascariensis – known as the “Madagascar silver leaf”, it is found in lowland and hill forests of dry areas; it has soft, silver-gray leaves with a dark green midrib.
9. Peltigerus maraisii – common in Namibia and South Africa; it grows well in arid savanna or desert conditions.
10. Peltigerus marubenti – tends to grow in large numbers, usually on dry hillsides and among rocks. It has a wide distribution throughout most of southern and eastern Africa.
11. Peltigerus ranomafoaty – grows naturally in Madagascar; it prefers damp conditions near rivers or marshes; it is shorter than other species and is often wrapped around rocks or surrounding shrubs.
12. Peltigerus venosus – has three subspecies:
a. Peltigerus venosus subsp. calox – found in the Comoros Islands; it usually grows among rocks or on dry hillsides.
b. Peltigerus venosus subsp. marojejya – common throughout eastern Madagascar; it grows near the shores of lagoons and is very salt-tolerant.
c. Peltigerus venosus subsp. veve – found in the highlands of Madagascar; it is smaller than the subspecies mentioned above and grows on rocks or on dry soil.
13. If you want to grow a madagascar palm tree from seed, you should allow them to dry out before storing, as they are very susceptible to fungal diseases like black root rot if they are not dried out completely.
14. If you want to start your own madagascar palm tree from seed, you can do so by placing the seeds in a container filled with moist sand or potting soil and placing it in a warm environment until the seed germinates. The ideal temperature is between 22 and 24 degrees Celsius (72-75 degrees Fahrenheit).
Once the seedlings are 2 or 3 inches tall (5 or 7 centimeters) they can be transplanted into small pots or larger tubs.
15. You can grow your own madagascar palm tree from a young plant. They are available in many different sizes starting from 5 inches tall (13 cm) up to a full-grown tree that is 6 feet tall (1.8 m).
16. You should place your young madagascar palm tree outdoors during the spring and summer, but it should be brought indoors before the first frost in the fall when temperatures drop.
17. Before placing your tree outdoors in the spring, you should trim off any damaged or dead leaves.
18. It is important that your madagascar palm tree is placed in a location where it will get as much natural light as possible – this will ensure that it grows healthy and strong.
19. You should water your palm tree when the top inch of soil becomes dry. You can do this by submerging the entire pot in a bucket of water for 10 to 15 minutes.
It is best to do this early in the morning so that the foliage can dry before nightfall.
20. Your madagascar palm tree will grow best if you fertilize it every two weeks with a general purpose fertilizer. You should never fertilize a palm tree in the summer, as it will cause the growth of unwanted foliage and not flowers.
21. While your madagascar palm tree is in the growing stage, you should prune any dead or damaged leaves as they appear. This will ensure that the tree grows as healthily as possible.
You should also pinch out the tips of the youngest leaves to encourage the development of side shoots.
22. Your madagascar palm tree will generally flower between 5 and 7 years after germination, although this can vary depending on the time of year that it was planted. It will also only flower once.
After the flowers have died, fruits will develop over the next 6 months. These fruits are not edible.
23. Once your palm tree has flowered, you should prune any dead or brown leaves to ensure that the tree does not lose too much energy. You should also pinch out the tips of the youngest leaves so that it has time to grow leaves and develop flowers before it reaches its flowering stage.
24. Once your palm tree has flowered, it can then be repotted. This is done to give the soil a chance to recover nutrients that were depleted during the plants growth.
It should then be placed in a well-lit area where it can receive at least 8 hours of direct sunlight each day.
25. You should not water your palm tree during the winter months, but you can mist the foliage 2 or 3 times a week.
26. You should not fertilize your palm tree during the winter, but you can begin again in the spring.
27. Your palm tree should be repotted every 2 or 3 years in the spring, when it is beginning to grow. This will allow the soil to recover from the plants constant nutrient draw
28. You should water your palm tree during the summer, but make sure that it does not stand in water. Rather, let the water drain through the pot.
29. Allowing your palm tree to stand in water will cause root rot and may kill the tree.
30. It is important that your palm tree is placed in a location where it can receive between 4 and 6 hours of direct sunlight each day to ensure that it continues to grow as healthily as possible.
31. You should repot your palm tree in the spring just before you begin fertilizing it again. So that it has time to recover before growth begins again.
32. You should only water your palm tree when the top 2 inches of soil become dry. You should do this by submerging the entire pot in a bucket of water for about 10 minutes.
33. Your palm tree will most likely not flower until at least 5 or 6 years after you first planted it. It will then only flower once.
After the flowers die, fruit will develop. This fruit is not edible.
34. After the palm tree has flowered, you should prune any damaged or dead leaves so that the tree does not lose too much energy trying to sustain them.
35. You should fertilize your palm tree every 3 months during spring and summer, but only during the first year after it has flowered. This will ensure that the tree recovers from flowering and produces fruit the following year.
36. Your palm tree can grow very large, so you should always be careful when moving the tree or repotting to make sure you do not hurt its roots or break its trunk.
37. If you want to move your palm tree, you should do so before the tree begins to grow again in spring as this is the easiest time.
38. You can prevent your palm tree from flowering again by stopping fertilizing it as soon as it begins to flower.
39. If you do not want your palm tree to produce fruit, you should continue fertilizing it and moving it into darker locations over the winter months where it will not receive sunlight.
40. If you want your palm tree to produce fruit, do not interfere with its fertilizing or sunlight habits.
41. You can prevent your palm tree from producing fruit for a couple of years before it will naturally stop producing the fruit.
42. Your palm tree is likely to live for at least 20 or 30 years, but some people have managed to get them to live up to 60 years.
43. You should never ever prune the top of your palm tree as this could cause the roots to become damaged and kill it or cause it to become unbalanced and fall over.
44 .You should always try to keep your palm tree sheltered from high winds and make sure you do not place it in direct sunlight if there is the risk of strong winds.
45. You should always keep your palms watered, but not wet and make sure that they are placed somewhere that they do not get too much direct sunlight as this will burn their sensitive leaves.
Well done! You have completed all the facts about palm trees. You should now go and try the Palm Tree Quiz: #1 to #40 again to see if you can get a higher score.
You should also go and try the Palm Tree Quiz: #41 to #80 to test your knowledge again. Finally, you can go back to the Palm Tree Lessons Menu and take another quiz or jump to a different category of plant. Good luck!
Sources & references used in this article:
Conservation and Management of a Threatened Madagascar Palm Species, Neodypsis decaryi, Jumelle by J Ratsirarson, JA Silander Jr… – Conservation …, 1996 – Wiley Online Library
Diversification of Pachypodium by DO Burge – Cactus and Succulent Journal, 2013 – BioOne
Indoor medicinal plants: Beneficial biocatalysts for air filtration and bioremediation–A review by L Inbathamizh – International Journal of Green Pharmacy (IJGP …, 2020 – greenpharmacy.info
A checklist of succulent plants of Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India by RM Patel, UM Qureshimatva… – Tropical Plant …, 2016 – pdfs.semanticscholar.org
CERTIFIED ORGANIC VETIVER MADAGASCAR, TOAMASINA by H DE MELVILLE – Citeseer