Canadian Hemlock Care: Tips On Planting A Canadian Hemlock Tree
Canadians are very proud of their native trees and shrubs. They have been growing them since time immemorial. These indigenous species are known worldwide for their beauty, uniqueness, and elegance. Canadians love these native trees because they offer us a chance to preserve our natural heritage while enjoying nature’s bounty!
Can you imagine what would happen if we started planting the same kind of trees here?
Our forests would become overgrown with identical trees.
Would it not be better to conserve the diversity of our flora and fauna?
The following list contains some tips on how to plant a Canadian Hemlock Tree (Hemlockus canadensis).
1) Do not use pine needles or pine bark for your hedges.
Pine needles will rot in winter and cause death to your hedges. Pine bark does not hold moisture well so it causes disease and insect infestation.
2) Use only hardy species.
Avoid any species that are prone to die back during cold weather. If you live in Canada, look for Hemlockus canadensis which grows naturally in Ontario and Quebec. You may also want to consider Hemlockus spp., Hemlockus purpurea, Hemlockus sp., Hemlockus crenata, Hemlockus pruinosa, and others that grow naturally in British Columbia and Alberta.
3) Native hedging plants are ideal for hedging.
They grow stronger and healthier when they don’t have to compete with non-native plants. Your hedge will grow stronger and taller than any others on your block!
4) Native plants are also easier to maintain than non-natives.
The roots don’t interfere with the sewer, water, or electrical lines. Plus you won’t have to worry about toxic chemicals or pesticides.
5) Native plants grow better with less maintenance.
Native plants do not have to be watered as much, their leaves do not have to be cleaned off the sidewalk, and they do not have to be mowed as often. This saves you time and money!
6) Native plants attract native birds.
What could be more lovely than a birdbath full of singing birds?
7) Don’t forget that trees are needed in your yard too.
Trees provide homes for birds and animals, prevent soil erosion, provide shade, and offer a source of wood.
8) If you are an animal lover, consider planting clover in your garden.
Many kinds of bees, butterflies, and other insects love clover.
9) Many kinds of grass can be considered native.
Tall grasses are good for hiding and nesting. Shorter grasses are good to add colour to your yard.
10) Native trees can offer a source of food, such as berries, cherries, apples, peaches, plums, apricots, grapes, and others.
11) If you have a big yard, consider planting some prairie grass. Prairies are very colourful in the spring and summer.
12) Evergreens are native and they look nice year round. Many kinds of animals depend on evergreens for survival during the cold winter months.
13) If you use a wood-burning stove in the winter, consider planting oak trees. You will have an ample supply of wood to keep you warm!
14) Leaves are natural and biodegradable. Use them to clean up after your hedge rather than using toxic chemicals.
Sources & references used in this article:
Hemlock woolly adelgid by MS McClure – 1996 – books.google.com
… in tree growth and nutrient supply still apparent 10 to 13 years following fertilization and vegetation control of salal-dominated cedar hemlock stands on Vancouver … by JN Bennett, LL Blevins, JE Barker… – Canadian journal of …, 2003 – NRC Research Press
Canadian Hemlock, Tsuga canadensis by AX Niemiera – 2018 – vtechworks.lib.vt.edu
Growth of planted tree seedlings in response to ambient light levels in northwestern interior cedar-hemlock forests of British Columbia by KD Coates, PJ Burton – Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 1999 – NRC Research Press
Treatment strategies using imidacloprid in Hemlock Woolly Adelgid (Adelges tsugae Annand) infested eastern Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis Carrière) trees by JJ Doccola, W Hascher, J Joseph Aiken… – … and Urban Forestry, 2012 – researchgate.net
Effects of nutrient and light limitation on mountain hemlock: susceptibility to laminated root rot by PA Matson, RH Waring – Ecology, 1984 – Wiley Online Library