Why Do Succulents Rot?
Root rot is caused by poor soil quality. It is caused due to lack of moisture and nutrients in the soil. A good way to prevent it from happening is to provide adequate drainage. If you don’t have enough water in your garden, then succulent plants will not grow well. Also, if you are using fertilizer with too much nitrogen, then there won’t be enough available for succulent roots. You need to know what type of soil you have. There are many types of soils available in the market. Some of them are clayey, sandy loam, silt loam, gravel and sandstone. All these soils contain different amounts of minerals and other elements which make up the soil structure. Soil texture plays an important role in how well a plant grows under certain conditions. Therefore, you must understand the characteristics of each type of soil before choosing one over another for your garden.
Succulent Root Rot Signs
The most common sign of succulent root rot is yellowing leaves. When the leaves turn yellow, they are already damaged and cannot recover quickly enough to survive. If you see the same thing happening to your succulents, then you should immediately take action to stop the disease from spreading. Other symptoms include wilting, brown spots or patches on the foliage and eventually death of the plant.
How To Prevent Succulent Root Rot?
The best way of preventing root rot is to first give your plant the right kind of soil. It should have good drainage and aeration. Succulent plants need more potassium than nitrogen, so choose a fertilizer that has more of the former.
Another thing you can do is use a little bit of sand and grit when you prepare the soil for your succulent plants. This gives them just enough space to grow and spread out their roots. A succulent mix or cactus mix soil from a garden store would be perfect for your needs.
How To Treat Root Rot
Even if you have taken all the necessary steps to prevent root rot, it can still happen to your succulents. If you think that your plants have contracted the disease, then act quickly. The best way of treating root rot is to remove the infected plant from its pot and discard all the soil around its roots. Soak your plant in a bucket of water for at least an hour.
Afterwards, use a spray bottle to give it a proper rinse.
Afterwards, re-pot your succulent and make sure that the new soil has good drainage and aeration. Leave the re-potted plant in shade and away from direct sunlight for at least a week. If there are any areas where the roots have turned completely black or mushy, then remove them immediately.
With these tips, you should be able to maintain the health of your succulent plants. Happy growing!
Sources & references used in this article:
Vegetative propagation of cacti and other succulents in vitro by J Gratton, MF Fay – Plant Cell and Tissue Culture, 1990 – Springer
In vitro propagation of succulent plants by F Bailey, Z Allaway – 2019 – Penguin
Effects of elephants and goats on the Kaffrarian succulent thicket of the eastern Cape, South Africa by J Gratton, MF Fay – Plant Cell Culture Protocols, 1999 – Springer
A quick and easy method of drying plant specimens, including succulents, for the herbarium by GC Stuart-Hill – Journal of Applied Ecology, 1992 – JSTOR
Designing with succulents by U Eggli, BE Leuenberger – Taxon, 1996 – JSTOR
The uses of succulent plants by DL Baldwin – 2017 – books.google.com
Succulents that cope with climatic diversity by PE Downs – The National Cactus and Succulent Journal, 1966 – JSTOR