Zone 5 Nut Trees – Hardy Nut Trees That Grow In Zone 5
Hazelnuts are one of the most popular nuts in the world. They have been used since ancient times for food and medicine.
Hazelnuts are very hardy trees that grow well in almost any climate conditions. There are many varieties of hazelnut trees with different characteristics and uses. Some of them include:
Hardy hazelnut trees produce large quantities of nuts year after year. These nuts are high quality and nutritious.
The hazelnut tree is native to North America, but it was introduced into Europe during the Middle Ages. After its introduction, it became a common food source for peasants and farmers throughout Europe.
Today, there are several varieties of hazelnuts grown in various parts of the world including India, Africa and Australia.
There are two types of hazelnut trees, hardy and semi-hardy. Hardiness refers to the ability of these trees to withstand cold temperatures without wilting or dropping their leaves.
Semi-hardness refers to how quickly they will drop their leaves when exposed to freezing temperatures. A hardy tree will usually not lose all its foliage even if it gets too cold for a long period of time.
Hazelnut trees have been known to survive temperatures as low as -30 degrees Fahrenheit for short periods of time. They can also survive extended periods of drought and poor soil.
They are very easy to grow in the backyard or in large containers. Once they are mature, they can tolerate soggy soil and flooding. They do not require much maintenance and are very hardy once established. There are two ways to propagate hazelnut trees; by seedlings and cuttings.
Propagating Hazelnut Trees
There are two ways of producing new trees from cuttings. The first one is by taking 4-inch cuttings from the roots of an established tree in the fall.
Plant these cuttings into a container or directly into the ground. The second method is by planting seeds during the summer. It is important to plant the seeds 2-4 inches deep and keep them moist until they start germinating. It can take up to three months for the seeds to sprout. Once they start sprouting, keep them evenly moist until they are well established.
Hardy hazelnut trees generally produce nuts after three or four years. Once they start producing nuts, you should harvest them and replant the seeds immediately to produce more trees.
Once the seedlings reach 1-2 feet in height, trim the top leaves so that the plant has a strong foundation to grow on.
As the trees grow, add manure, compost and mulch around them to keep the soil moist. Hazelnut trees grow best in rich soil that’s well drained and has a slightly acidic pH level.
You can test the ph of your soil using various home kits available. If the soil tests acidic, you can adjust the pH by adding lime to it. Add fertilizer once or twice a year to promote healthy growth.
About The Hazelnut Tree
The Hazelnut tree is a very common species of tree that grows naturally in many areas of the world. It can grow up to thirty feet tall and produces a single trunk with a spread of up to fifteen feet.
It has compound leaves with 7 to 11 leaflets and tiny yellow flowers with five petals. It produces a roundish shaped nut that contains a single brown shell with a seed inside. All parts of the tree are extremely poisonous if ingested.
Sources & references used in this article:
Growing Fruit & Nut Trees in the Mid Klamath Region by M DuPont – mkwc.org
The home orchard: Growing your own deciduous fruit and nut trees by CA Ingels – 2007 – books.google.com
Arboretum Review: Arboretum Nut Trees by LC Snyder – 1972 – conservancy.umn.edu