Cold Hardy Clematis Plants: Tips On Growing Clematis In Zone 3
The following are some tips for growing clematis in zone 3. These plants are not only cold hardy but they have high yields too! They grow well even in very hot and dry conditions.
So if you want to start your own garden then these plants will definitely make it possible for you to do so!
1) Choose a location with good drainage.
If you live in a place where there is no water or rainfall then you might need to use drip irrigation system. Watering your plants regularly will certainly help them to thrive.
2) You can choose from several types of soil for planting clematis.
I prefer to use peat moss because it works better than sand. But you can also use potting soil or composted manure.
3) Choose a sunny location.
Clematis love sunlight and they tend to flower best under such circumstances. If you live in a place where there is no sun then you might need to cover your plants with shade cloths at least during the day time.
4) Test the soil’s acidity before planting.
Clematis prefer slightly acidic soil with a ph level between 5.5 to 6.
5. If your soil does not meet these specifications then you can try to alter it by buying and applying agricultural sulfur.
5) You can also improve upon the soil’s texture by adding organic materials such as peat moss, compost, and rotted manure.
6) After preparing the location and soil then you can start planting.
Clematis can be propagated by either seed, division, cuttings or by layering. I prefer to grow them via stem cuttings because these methods produce better results.
7) Deadhead plants daily during their blooming period.
This means that you should remove the spent flowers before they go to seed.
8) You can also prune your plants during the dormant season (end of summer).
Cut several feet off the top of the plant and remove any dead or diseased canes.
9) Clematis can be affected by several different types of pests.
If you notice anything like that then you need to treat your plants right away by using pest control products.
These are just some of the steps that you need to follow when growing clematis in zone 3. By following the steps provided here you can be assured that your plants will grow and thrive. I have been growing these plants for many years now and I hope that you too will have a lot of success with yours as well.
The Downside of Growing Clematis
Most people who have a garden usually have at least one type of clematis. These perennial vines attract a lot of attention every year not just because of their interesting flowers but also because they cover big sections of the garden with either green, white or purple colored leaves.
If you are new to clematis then you may want to ask yourself if it is hardy enough for your place. The answer is yes. Clematis are hardy flowers that grow in many different types of soil and in places that get several types of weather every year.
Some species even grow naturally in the snow!
If you want to know how to care for clematis then it’s really quite easy. Clematis like dappled sunlight, moist soil, and organic mulch.
Sounds pretty easy right?
Well it is….unless you live in an urban area.
Because if your garden has been planted in the back portion of your urban property then you may be facing a few challenges.
The Backyard Gardener’s Dilemma
You may have heard that if you want to plant a garden in the city then you need to do it on the roof of an apartment building or on the balcony of a high-rise because there is no more virgin soil left in the city. This is true.
So what do you do if you don’t live in a high rise and you still want to grow a garden?
One solution is to start using containers.
This seems easy enough, right?
Just buy a few containers at the local garden center, plant your seeds or young plants, put them on the balcony and wait for them to grow. Well, as with most things in life there are always some complications.
If you live in an urban area then your balcony or roof may not get a lot of sunlight. This can be due to several reasons. One reason could be that the apartment building next to yours has gargoyles on its roof.
Gargoyles are sculptures that are spouting water from their mouths. These statues are often used in garden decor but in this case it’s being used to keep birds from nesting and defecating in the apartment building’s pool.
The constant splashing of water is great for keeping birds away but it also keeps your balcony from getting dappled sunlight. If you’re lucky then the balcony above yours doesn’t have anything like that and you can get the sunlight you need. (Sigh) If only those people didn’t have to put their garbage out right next to yours every Monday morning.
You also have another major problem and that is cats. Your building is right in the middle of a very busy street and it seems like there’s a feral cat on every corner.
What do those lazy morons expect these cats to eat? The pigeons?
That’s exactly what happens. Once the pigeons figure out that these cats aren’t going anywhere they start roosting in the nearest tall object, which just happens to be your gargoyle statue.
So now you have two major problems, but fear not because there is a way to solve these dilemmas. Solar garden lights are powered by the sun and therefore don’t use electricity. They aren’t usually very powerful, except for the ones that those lazy morons leave on top of their roof all day.
You can easily go up there and remove the batteries from these lights before they can do any harm.
Finally you can start protecting your balcony with a simple garden net. You can get one that goes all the way around the perimeter or just around the plants that are most vulnerable. Keep the net a little loose so the plants can still grow past it.
Once you have finished setting everything up you will be ready to care for your clematis and the rest of your plants without any major issues. Well, at least not for the first year or so.
You may also be interested in: How To Care For Clematis.
A Quick Guide To Cold Hardy Clematis
There are a few clematis varieties that thrive well in colder regions such as Canada, the Nordic countries and the northern part of the United States. These are known as cold hardy clematis plants and can survive temperatures of around -40 degrees Celsius. The name might not sound very appealing to you but if you live in such a cold region then these plants are invaluable.
The first thing you should know about growing cold hardy clematis plants is when to plant them. You can plant them any time between September and November. You should wait until all danger of frost has passed, even if that means you have to wait until Christmas or maybe even Valentine’s day as long as the ground isn’t frosty any longer.
The second thing you should know is that they won’t grow very fast the first year but don’t worry, this is completely normal. All cold hardy clematis plants need time to develop a strong root system before they can start growing upward in search of sunlight. You will also find that the stems are a lot thicker than the ones you are used to seeing with other varieties of clematis plants.
The third thing you should know is how to prepare the soil. You should use a shovel and dig a hole that is deeper and wider than what you would normally do for other varieties of clematis plants. Cold hardy clematis plants need a generous amount of room to allow their roots to spread out as they grow.
Fill the hole back up with whatever soil you dug out plus some good quality compost and horse manure. You can also add in some bone meal to give the plant even more nutrients.
After your cold hardy clematis plants have been planted they should be wrapped with plastic garden fencing or some other kind of material that will protect them from the wind. You don’t want the plants to get ripped out of the ground by a storm. Remove the fencing or covering after a few weeks.
It should begin to grow very quickly during spring and summer and then again during fall and winter.
Love Your Clematis
After reading this extensive article on how to care for clematis you are ready to embark on a new phase of your relationship with these wonderful plants. You already know that they are a delightful addition to your garden or home and now you know how to care for them as well.
As long as you follow the tips in this guide and tips from other articles on the website you will have beautiful clematis plants for many years to come.
Thanks for reading and good luck!
Other Articles You May Enjoy:
How To Propagate Clematis . Learn the secrets of successful clematis propagation and have all the plants you need.
How To Start Seeds Indoors . A step by step guide that will show beginners how easy it can be to start seeds indoors.
How To Create A Nature Retreat . This beautiful and private sanctuary is located just off of your basement!
Sources & references used in this article:
Growing Clematis by CJ Martin – 2008 – hoosiergardener.com
Clematis plant named ‘EVIPO031’ by MN Olesen, RJ Evison – US Patent App. 10/897,896, 2005 – Google Patents
Clematis plant named ‘EVIpo015’ by MN Olesen, RJ Evison – US Patent App. 10/756,048, 2004 – Google Patents