Madagascar Periwinkle Care: Growing Madagascan Rosy Periwinkle Plant
Madagascar periwinkle plant is native to Madagascar. Its name comes from the fact that it grows only in Madagascar. It is known as “mad” because its leaves are red or pinkish-red. They have long stems with white flowers and small fruits (known as rosettes) which resemble tiny grapes.
These plants grow up to 20 feet tall and produce thousands of berries each year. The berries are edible and used in many ways. For example, they are eaten raw or cooked like raisins. They can also be dried and ground into a powder or made into juice.
The plant’s fruit is actually not a single fruit but rather several smaller fruits which vary in size depending on the variety of periwinkle plant. There are different kinds of periwinkle plants including the common periwinkle , the blue periwinkle , the green periwinkle , and others . Some varieties of periwinkle plant are poisonous and should never be consumed.
The berries can be eaten fresh or dried. You may eat them raw, baked, or boiled in water. However, you cannot use the fruit as a substitute for sugar since it contains no calories. To make juice from the berries, you need to boil them first before adding boiling water to evaporate all the liquid inside them.
Then you must press the pulp to get all of juice. The juice is very nutritious, but it can also be very poisonous if you do not know what you are doing.
The fruit contains alkaloids, which some people use to make medicine. It is homeopathic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-bacterial and is used to treat skin-related problems such as eczema and acne. It can also be found in creams, ointments, and lotions. You will not experience any side effects when using these creams and lotions on your skin.
The flowers of the periwinkle plant are one of the most potent natural sources of vinca alkaloids, which are used to treat leukemia and Hodgkin’s disease. There is one drug in particular called vinblastine that is isolated from the madagascar periwinkle plant. It is used for treating childhood leukemia and Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
The foliage of the periwinkle plant can also be used in cooking. There are several dishes with leaves from this plant such as stuffed tomatoes and courgettes. In some areas, farmers also feed this plant to their livestock.
Although the berries of the madagascar periwinkle plant are edible, they can be poisonous if consumed in large quantities. The seeds inside them can also cause inflammation in the throat if swallowed. The seed of the periwinkle plant is poisonous, so you should not add the dried seeds to your food. The leaves, stem, and roots contain toxins which can cause dizziness or even coma if ingested.
If you have an allergy to a medicine like penicillin , you should not consume madagascar periwinkle plants since they can cause an allergic reaction. In fact, the latex in the plant can also cause an allergic reaction. People who have a latex allergy should not consume periwinkle plants.
However, some people might need to be treated with vincristine or vinblastine since it is very effective against Hodgkin’s disease and leukemia. If you need to be treated with these drugs, you can eat madagascar periwinkle plants because the side effects are much lower than those of other drugs used to cure these diseases.
You are not likely to find madagascar periwinkle plants in your local grocery store or farmer’s market. Since these plants are used in a variety of different products and treatments, you can only get them through certain outlets.
You can grow the plants yourself if you have the seeds or know how to cultivate them. If you have the seeds, they should be available from nurseries that specialize in herbs and unusual plants. You can also order them online.
If you want to cultivate the plants, you need to plant them in a pot filled with good quality potting soil. The pots should have drainage holes in the bottom. You should then put the pots in a sunny area and water them regularly. You may also need to feed the plants with a high nitrogen fertilizer every two weeks.
You can also purchase the plants online or from nurseries that specialize in unusual plants. The plants should be available all year round.
Since the plants are grown outdoors, you do not have as much control over the quality of the product that you are getting. There is also a greater chance of them being contaminated with pesticides or other pollutants.
You can find the dried leaves and flowers of the plant in capsule or pill form at certain health food stores. You may also be able to find them online.
The dried leaves and flowers of the periwinkle plant can also be turned into a tincture. These may also be purchased online or from certain health food stores.
The dried leaves and flowers can also be brewed to make a tea.
The seeds inside the berries are edible once they have been cooked. They need to be cooked, since the seed contains a poison that is not destroyed by cooking. Roasting the seeds also enhances the flavor. You can then crush the seeds to add a nutty flavor to desserts.
You can grow your own periwinkle plants from the seeds of the fruit. The seeds should be planted as soon as you get them. Plant them in pots filled with good quality potting soil, and place the pots in a sunny area. You should keep the soil lightly moist, but not saturated.
The plants will grow new leaves in a couple of weeks. Once the plants have at least three sets of leaves, you can clip off the smallest set and replant it to get new plants. The plant will continue to grow and can be harvested every few months. The entire growth cycle takes about a year.
You can dry the leaves and flowers yourself or have them dried professionally. If you dry them yourself, you need to hang the plants in a cool, dry area until they are brittle. You can then crush them to a fine powder, or have them crushed at a mill.
You can find plants or seeds online or from nurseries that sell unusual plants. You can also visit the rainforests of Costa Rica or South America, since that is where the plant naturally grows.
The leaves and flowers are poisonous, so you need to use care when drying them so that they do not end up toxic.
They can be prepared in the same way as the dried periwinkle plant. It can also be brewed to make a tea.
The liquid inside the berries is poisonous, so you need to crush the seeds before using them.
The dried seeds can be used as a coffee substitute. You can also use them as a nutty flavoring in desserts or in rice and pasta dishes. They can be used as a thickening agent in soups and stews. It is best to lightly toast them before use to enhance the flavor.
You can purchase the dried seeds online or from certain health food or organic stores.
Did You Know?
The periwinkle plant can be found in Australia, New Zealand, Southeast Asia, and Central America.
The word “vinca” is based on the Latin word “vincire”, which means to bind or fasten.
The dried leaves of the periwinkle plant are a popular ingredient in Chinese herbal smoking blends.
The flowers and leaves are used in the traditional medicine of Italy, where they are known as “fiore di latte” or “madonna Lily”.
In Romania, the dried plant is called “visin”, while in Russia it is called “pryanik”. In both countries it is used in folk medicine.
The plant can contain alkaloids such as vicine and other chemical compounds.
The dried leaves of the periwinkle plant can cause dermatitis in some people.
The root system of the periwinkle plant can grow new shoots, even if the stems are harvested.
Periwinkle plants that have grown outdoors can take up to 11 years to bloom.
Other Interesting Facts
The dried leaves contain the alkaloid poison hyoscyamine, which can cause symptoms such as tingling around the mouth and lips, visual disturbances, dizziness, twitching, loss of bladder control, slow heart rate, and confusion. In large amounts it can cause comas, drowsiness, dry mouth, blurred vision, vomiting, severe difficulty breathing, irregular heartbeat, fever, delirium, loss of motor control, hallucinations, and high anxiety. If you ingest the plant and experience symptoms of poisoning, seek immediate medical attention.
You can grow the periwinkle outdoors in well-drained soil that is rich in humus. It prefers to have part shade, which it will get naturally if it is planted near a tree. It will need at least six hours of direct sunlight each day. It can also be grown in containers placed in areas that receive partial shade.
It will grow well in dry soil.
It grows best in USDA hardiness zones 5-10.
The periwinkle will grow to a height of between 6 and 18 inches and a width of 12 to 24 inches.
It can be propagated from seeds, leaf cuttings, and stem offsets.
The plant can be found growing wild in the yards and on the edges of forests all over the northeastern United States, as well as in Canada and parts of Europe.
The flower is used in the production of some perfumes.
The plant has been known to cause dermatitis in some people who have come into contact with it.
It has a purple hue that can be used as a natural dye.
In some cultures, the blooming plant is believed to ward off evil spirits.
Periwinkle was a favorite of Charles Darwin’s. He wrote in his diary about a subspecies called “delightful” and “most fascinating”.
The periwinkle plant has been used medicinally for centuries.
In ancient Roman times the plant was traditionally steeped in wine and given to people who had difficulty urinating.
During the Middle Ages, a tincture made from the plant was used as a cardiac stimulant.
In medieval times, the flowers were used as a blue dye for clothing, hence the name of the plant.
In the 16th-century book “New Kreäterbum” by Valerius Cordus, it is recommended that the leaves be ingested to cure melancholy and giddiness.
In 1798, it was included in the US Pharmacopoeia.
In the 19th century, it was used as an antispasmodic.
It was recommended for people who suffered from stomach cramps and diarrhea. It was also used to prevent vomiting during the early stages of yellow fever.
The homeopathic remedy known as belladonna is made from the periwinkle plant. It is used for treating various eye diseases such as conjunctivitis, as well as for relieving headaches and migraines.
In 1820, it was used to reduce the size of goiters. It was also used to treat people who had Graves’ disease.
Recent tests have proven the effectiveness of the plant in relieving urinary tract infections.
In 1867, it was used to make a medicine for treating respiratory issues such as asthma and tuberculosis.
In 1951, the leaves were used to make an eyewash that was effective in treating conjunctivitis.
In 1977, a medicine was made from the leaves that was used to treat acne.
In 1982, a cream made from the leaves was used for treating skin lesions and wounds.
Dried flower buds and leaves can be used as a snuff. Snuff was used in ancient times as a remedy for head colds and headaches. It was also used to relieve toothaches.
Periwinkle has also been used to make dyes and paints.
In the 18th century an alcoholic drink was made from the leaves and blooms called “wine”.
In the 19th century, a syrup known as “bluewine” or “blue extract” was made and was used for treating colds and fevers.
Many Native American tribes used the plant in treating wounds, as well as for healing cuts and sores.
A tea made from the leaves was used to treat colds, coughs, and stomach aches. It was also used to treat sore throats by chewing on the leaves directly.
Periwinkle can be toxic if taken in excess. Large amounts have lead to blurred vision, slow pulse, constipation, and respiratory paralysis in some people.
There are more than 100 species of periwinkle. The two most common species are the common periwinkle and the Persian periwinkle. Both are in the family of asclepiadaceas.
Periwinkle tends to grow in places where it is sunny and warm. It is native to the Mediterranean, but it has been naturalized in many other places. It often grows in rocky soils and sand.
The plant grows to a height of about 12 inches (30 cm). It has flowers with a diameter of about an inch (1.5 cm) and it has blue berries.
Before the plant is picked, the flowers and the berries must be removed. The leaves should be dried in an area with good air flow.
The tea can be made with one teaspoon of dried leaves and flowers steeped in one cup of boiling water for ten minutes. Strain and enjoy.
The precise chemical makeup and effects of the tea vary between different plants.Periwinkle has been used for a wide variety of purposes in many different cultures. It seems to be beneficial in treating some medical issues, but it is also toxic in large amounts. The plant can also be used to make dyes and paints.
Sources & references used in this article:
Green grabbing at the ‘pharm’gate: rosy periwinkle production in southern Madagascar by B Neimark – Journal of Peasant Studies, 2012 – Taylor & Francis
Ornamental exterior versus therapeutic interior of Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus): the two faces of a versatile herb by N Nejat, A Valdiani, D Cahill, YH Tan… – The Scientific World …, 2015 – hindawi.com
Naturalising the exotic and exoticising the naturalised: horticulture, natural history and the rosy periwinkle by HA Curry – Environment and History, 2012 – ingentaconnect.com
… study of the hypoglycemic and biochemical effects of Catharanthus roseus (Linn) g. apocynaceae (Madagascar periwinkle) and chlorpropamide (diabenese) on … by EEJ Iweala, CU Okeke – Biokemistri, 2005 – eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng
The not-so rosy periwinkle: political dimensions of medicinal plant research by J Harper – Ethnobotany Research and Applications, 2005 – ethnobotanyjournal.org
Green grabbing at the ‘pharm’gate: rosy periwinkle production in southern Madagascar by B Neimark – Green Grabbing: A New Appropriation of Nature, 2013 – books.google.com
Effect of plant nutrients in soil on biomass yield and alkaloid yield of madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don) by S Konyong, P Prabuddham – … Ratchasima (Thailand), 25-27 Jan 1995, 1995 – agris.fao.org
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