Sago Palm Watering – How Much Water Do Sago Palms Need?
The average size of a saguaro cactus is 2 to 3 feet tall and 4 inches wide. They are native to Mexico, Central America and South America. Their flowers bloom from March through June. The fruit (palm) grows up to 6 inches long and 1 inch thick. They have a very high resistance to drought. There are many varieties of saguaros but they all grow in the same genus, Solanum. The name “sago” comes from Spanish words meaning “water”.
In fact, there are two species of saguaros: the Mexican and the American variety. The Mexican variety is called the California or Saguaro cacti because it grows in southern California and Arizona. The American variety is called the Redwood or Sequoia cacti because it grows in northern California and Oregon. Both types are edible. However, the American variety has a higher sugar content than the Mexican variety so it’s not recommended to eat them raw.
The average life span of a saguaro is between 50 and 100 years. Some live longer than 200 years! There are some reports that they can grow up to 40 feet tall but these have not been confirmed.
Saguaros are very sturdy in nature. They don’t have many predators (animals that hunt for food) because their bodies store a lot of water and they have sharp spikes. Animals cannot eat them because the outer skin is very prickly. The spikes can also grow up to a foot long! The only predators to saguaros are humans and the giant Saguaro spider, which is found nowhere else in the world except the Sonoran Desert in Arizona.
Saguaros reproduce through sexual and asexual reproduction. A saguaro that is born from seeds grows into a baby saguaro, which stays small. They can grow up to 3 feet tall and 6 inches wide. The other type of reproduction occurs when a mature saguaro develops branches with “arms”. These arms can drop off and grow into new saguaros or remain on the parent plant as it dies.
The giant saguaro is a symbol of the Sonoran Desert. The Tohono O’odham Indians used the saguaro for food, water, medicine and shelter. They called the saguaro “the giant cactus”. They have many legends about the saguaro. For example, they believe a man fell in love with a saguaro and was turned into a human woman for her crime.
She was sentenced to live on earth as punishment.
The saguaro’s range extends into southern California as well. They grow mainly in the Sonoran Desert. We can find them along roadsides, hillsides and mountainsides. In fact, you can even find them in your own backyard! They grow best in areas that do not have a lot of rain or snow.
The sun’s rays warm their bodies so they don’t become weak from cold weather. They blend into the desert landscape because they have a waxy coating on their skin. The coating is called “bloom” and helps it gather sunlight to make energy.
The saguaro cactus (scientific name: Carnegiea Gigantean) is a type of cactus that grows in the Sonoran Desert in the United States and Mexico.
Did you know that there are over 20 different species of cacti in the Sonoran Desert?
It is also home to many other species such as javelinas, coyotes, roadrunners, owls, rattlesnakes, hedgehogs and more!
The average weight of a barrel cacti is 25 pounds. They grow to be about 3 feet tall and 4 feet wide. When they bloom, they only produce 3 to 6 flowers per stem. Their flowers are white and only bloom at night.
The saguaro cacti lives up to 100 years. They grow slowly so it takes them a long time to reach maturity. The average height of a saguaro cactus is 10 to 20 feet. Some can grow taller than that if they don’t become food for other desert life. Saguaros look like they have long arms and can only grow in areas with low water levels.
They cannot survive in the snow line.
The saguaro gets its name from the Tarahumara Indians who used them as shelters. The Tarahumara Indians are also called the “foot people” because they don’t like to ride horses. They use saguaros as shade and shelter from the hot desert sun.
The saguaro cacti lives in the Sonoran Desert, which is on the U.S.-Mexico border. The Sonoran Desert gets less than 10 inches of rain a year. It can get as hot as 120 degrees!
What Makes a Desert?
A desert is a place that very ,very little rain falls on. Some places that are usually deserts today may have been forests, grasslands or even shallow seas in the past. Deserts cover about one fifth of the land on our planet! There are two types of desert, hot and cold.
Most of the world’s hot deserts are in the middle east and central Asia. Some of the world’s cold deserts are in Antarctica, the ocean and in northern Canada.
Deserts are often hard to cross because there are few roads and because the ground is very uneven. A person can walk 5 miles on hard, dry sand and only travel 1 mile across loose sand.
Deserts usually don’t have much water. Most of the rain that falls never reaches the ground but evaporates instead.
Sources & references used in this article:
Growing area of sago palm and its environment by MH Bintoro, MI Nurulhaq, AJ Pratama, F Ahmad… – Sago Palm, 2018 – library.oapen.org
Growth performance of sago palms (Metroxylon sagu Rottb.) in peat of different depth and soil water table by JF Shoon, A WATANABE, D HIRABAYASHI… – 2006 – pdfs.semanticscholar.org
Revival of an ancient starch crop: a review of the agronomy of the sago palm by M Flach, DL Schuiling – Agroforestry systems, 1988 – Springer