The trumpet vine (Ceratocystis) is one of the most popular ornamental plants in Florida. Its flowers are beautiful and its leaves are long-lasting and attractive. However, there is a danger associated with these plants: they can become invasive if not controlled properly! If you have ever planted or grown any kind of plant, you probably learned that it takes time before new growth appears after planting. That’s why it is so important to control your garden’s native species.
When the plant reaches maturity, it will produce seeds which germinate when water drips onto them. These seeds then develop into vines, which can spread throughout your garden very quickly. They are often called “vines” because they look like little vines.
They grow slowly and take a long time to reach their full size, but once they do, they can quickly overrun your garden.
What Is A Trumpet Vine?
A trumpet vine is a perennial herbaceous plant that grows up to three feet tall and wide. It produces white flowers in clusters from May through July. The leaves are opposite and alternate red and green at the base of the stem; each leaf has five leaflets (carpels). The leaflets are three to nine inches long and one to three inches wide. The vines can easily be trained as a support for their flowers to grow upwards.
The flowers have a strong, sweet smell which some people like, but others dislike. It is especially noticeable at night when the flowers give off a sweet perfume that attracts night insects and hummingbirds. The seeds are very small, flat pods or follicles, which contain dark gray seeds about 1 to 2 millimeters in length.
How To Take Care Of A Trumpet Vine?
The trumpet vine grows best in full sun or partial shade and in rich, well-drained soil. It can be grown in containers: the smallest pot should be at least 15 liters to support the roots. The soil must be well drained and must contain plenty of organic matter. This type of soil is often lighter and less dense than other types of soil, which allows oxygen to reach the roots. The soil should be watered often to keep it from drying out, but the plant should not be allowed to stand in water.
The most important thing is to control its growth if you do not want your garden overrun by this plant. When you’re planting a new trumpet vine, space it so that it has room to grow, but also put a barrier around it so that it’s easier to keep under control. Use fencing, concrete or bricks to contain the plant if you do not want it to spread.
If the trumpet vine can’t spread, it can’t take over your entire yard or garden. Also be sure to pull up any seedlings that appear in unwanted places. If you do not want any of your garden plants or flowers to get overtaken by the vine, keep it away from them by using a barrier or by planting the flowers and vegetables you want to grow in a different area.
If you’re really worried, you can always keep it in a pot so that you can easily move it around.
How To Care For A Trumpet Vine After It Has Spread?
When the trumpet vine has spread and taken over a good portion of your garden, it is important to keep on top of pulling out the vines that grow out of bounds. If you don’t, you might find yourself with more plants than you intended because they aren’t easy to get rid of!
The key here is to get familiar with what the plant looks like so that you can identify it when it has spread. Once you know what it looks like, you can get rid of any other plants that look similar, but aren’t a trumpet vine. This will prevent you from accidentally killing off other plants in your garden by mistake.
Managing and removing all the vines from your garden can be a lot of work. It can be hard to keep up, so you might want to have a helper to ensure that you don’t miss any. If you don’t have anyone to help you, try getting ahold of all the vines you can see and pull them out as fast as you can; it’s always better to remove them sooner than later because they spread so quickly!
You also might want to think about how you dispose of them. If there are a lot, you might want to think about burning them as opposed to putting them in your recycling or trash.
Although it can be hard work keeping on top of the trumpet vine, it’s important that you do or you might find that your garden becomes overrun and you won’t be able to grow anything else!
How To Start A Trumpet Vine Plant From Seed?
Although trumpet vines can be planted from seed, they do not always grow true to type. This means that the vine you get might have very different features than the parent plant; it could take longer to bloom, or not bloom at all! If you want to get a head start on your vine and you want it to have the same flowers as the parent plant, you will need to take a cutting from the parent plant. This is much easier and more reliable to do.
Follow the steps below to start your own cutting:
Use a sharp knife or pruning shears to remove a long stem section from your plant. Look for a green shoot that is about the thickness of a pencil and between 5-8 inches long. Make sure it is also firm and not beginning to flower yet.
Cut the stem as close to the base of the plant as you can without hurting other branches or leaves. Place the stem in a glass of water and set it in a warm sunny location. Watch for roots to begin growing in the water. This could take a few days or it could take several weeks, so be patient! Once there are signs of little white roots growing in the water, it is time to pot it up into its own container.
You can use a small 8 oz plastic cup or something similar. Fill it 3/4 full with standard potting soil. Once you have the soil in the cup, make a small hole in the center and place your new cutting into it.
Fill in around the stem with more soil and gently pat it down to remove any air pockets. Water it generously and place it back in its warm, sunny location. Keep an eye on it to make sure it stays moist, but not waterlogged. You can feed it a teaspoon of general purpose fertilizer once a week.
When planting your cutting, you have two choices. You can either place it in a bigger container and grow it outdoors, or you can place it in a 4″ pot and grow it indoors.
If you choose to plant your cutting outdoors, select a spot in your yard that gets full sun exposure. Dig a hole that is deep enough to cover most of the root ball. Gently remove your cutting from its container and place it in the hole.
Fill in the hole with dirt and pat it down gently.
Water it well and keep an eye on it to make sure it keeps getting plenty of water. You can fertilize it once a month during the growing season to help keep it healthy and growing well.
If you’re going to be growing your new vine indoors, you will need a place with bright, indirect sunlight. It should have a window that it can sit near so that it still gets some sunlight, but not directly in the window. This will prevent it from getting too much sun and burning its leaves.
You will also need to replant it into a bigger container. You can do this by opening up the root ball and removing the soil. Select a container that has a good drain hole in the bottom and re-pot it.
You want to make sure the new container has plenty of holes in the bottom to allow excess water to drain out the bottom. Use a standard potting soil and gently tuck the vine into it. Gently firm the soil around the root ball without damaging the roots. Water it well and place it in its new, brightly lit location. Keep an eye on it and water it often to make sure it doesn’t dry out or get too soggy.
Fertilize it once a month to keep it growing strong. You can begin training it to grow however you want after 6-8 weeks by gently twisting and pulling the stem where you want new growth to appear.
Once your vine grows several new stems and vines, you can begin pruning them down to keep it under control and growing fruit clusters. You can either prune the stems back to the main vine, or prune each stem back to a pair of leaves. This will cause it to put all its energy into fruit production.
Once your plant starts producing cherries, you can choose to either pick them and eat them right away or you can allow them to ripen on the vine longer. You can also do a little of both since they will continue to ripen even after you pick them.
You can begin sharing your fruit with friends and family, or you can begin juicing them and making wine! Now that fall is approaching, now is the perfect time to get started.
Good luck, and happy growing!
If you have any tips to share, or questions, please leave them in the comment section below.
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Sources & references used in this article:
Shrubs by …, CB Mist, D Knight, AFL Akebia, CT Vine, EI Creeper – 1972 – ajax.ca
Growth and flowering of black iris (Iris nigricans Dinsm.) following treatment with plant growth regulators by NM Al-Khassawneh, NS Karam, RA Shibli – Scientia Horticulturae, 2006 – Elsevier
The savage garden, revised: Cultivating carnivorous plants by P D’amato – 2013 – books.google.com
Trees, shrubs, and vines of the Texas Hill Country: a field guide by J Wrede – 2010 – books.google.com