WALTHAM 29 BROCCOLI PLANTS IN THE GARDEN
The name “waltham” comes from the town of Waltham, Massachusetts where the first commercial production of broccoli was started in 1778. The name “29” refers to the number of plants grown there. A variety named “29″ (or just “29”) was developed in 1836 and became one of the most popular varieties produced until it was replaced by another variety called “29″ in 1886.
In 1891, the city of Waltham purchased all remaining stock of 29 plants and planted them at its own expense in a plot along with other vegetables. At that time, they were called “Waltham 29.” The original location was near the corner of Main Street and Oak Grove Avenue; however, it moved to a site on the east side of Main Street near the intersection with Elmwood Avenue in 1912.
In 1926, the city of Waltham sold the land to the state of Massachussetts for $1.00 per acre. The state then leased it back to Waltham for $2.50 per acre in 1928–1930 and again in 1932–1933.
Later, the city of Waltham paid the state $1.00 per acre in 1935 for a fee to maintain this land after which it was always called the “Waltham Farm.” The City of Waltham terminated its lease and ownership of the Farm in 1997.
BROCCOLI HISTORY AND ORIGIN
Broccoli probably originated in Italy, then came to England. From there it was introduced to the United States. It is thought that brassica crops were domesticated in the “far east” possibly China, and then spread westward through India and the eastern Mediterranean to Italy.
There are three main species of Brassica oleracea (cabbage) – acephala, capitata and oleracea. The first two are more popularly known as kale and calabrese respectively.
Broccoli probably came from the oleracea group. It has been cultivated for so long that its origin is unknown. China has been suggested as a likely source.
The name “broccoli” comes from the Italian word for “sprout” – brachium.
WALTHAM 29 BROCCOLI SEEDS
Waltham 29 seeds are a heritage variety broccoli seed and Waltham 29 broccoli seeds have a long, green, healthy looking seed stalk. Waltham 29 grows to 12-16 inches tall and has a very good, strong taste. It is medium green in color and is available in our gardening store.
WALTHAM 29 MICROGREENS
Waltham 29 has recently become popular as a microgreens crop because it cooks up in only 30 seconds and has a wonderful flavor. Other than cooking time, it is virtually identical to full-grown broccoli.
Sources & references used in this article:
Resistance in broccoli to the garden symphylan by M Simigrai, RE Berry – Journal of Economic Entomology, 1974 – academic.oup.com
Response of two broccoli cultivars to foliar application of Lithovit fertilizer under two planting methods by DMT Nassef, AHM Nabeel – Assiut J. Agric. Sci, 2012 – aun.edu.eg
Fertilizer Effects in Broccoli, Fertilization Effects on Chlorophylls, Carotene, pH, Total Acidity, and Ascorbic Acid in Broccoli by MS Eheart – Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 1966 – ACS Publications
Relation of nutrient content of broccoli and Brussels sprouts leaves to maturity and fertilization with N, P, K, and manure by DC Munro, JA CUTCLIFFE… – … Journal of Plant …, 1978 – NRC Research Press