About Semi-hardwood Cuttings – Information On Semi-Hardwood Propagation
Semi Hardwoods are usually wood species that have been treated with chemicals such as acids, pesticides, fungicides, fertilizers etc. These treatments make them resistant to insect attack but not resistant to other types of attacks like disease or pests. They may even cause some damage if handled improperly.
For instance they can cause a rash when burned and their bark will rot off easily. Some of these woods are: Ash, Beech, Birch, Cherry, Chestnut, Hickory, Maple (especially white), Oak (except red) and Walnut.
The term “Semi” refers to the fact that they are not really hard enough to be called true hardwoods. They are considered semi-hard because they don’t have the strength of a true hardwood. However, there are many different kinds of semi-hardwoods including:
Ash – This is one of the most common semi-hardwoods. It’s also known as poplar. Its wood is very strong and durable.
It can be used for furniture, building materials, musical instruments and much more. Ash is easy to work with due to its durability and resistance to insects.
Cherry – This hardwood has a reddish-brown color and is very popular for furniture and flooring. It’s very strong, but be careful because it doesn’t like to be wet.
Hickory – This wood has a very unique grain pattern and is usually used in tool handles or any other place that extreme strength is needed. It holds up very well under pressure or tension.
Maple – This wood comes in two varieties: hard and soft. The hard variety is one of the hardest woods available and is often used for flooring, furniture, butcher blocks and musical instruments. Soft maple is very easy to work with due to its low density and is often used to make bowls or other items that require a high degree of precision in the woodworking process.
Oak – This wood comes in several varieties including red, white, pin, chestnut and others. They are all very popular for furniture and flooring. It also holds up well when being exposed to the elements and is an ideal wood for building docks and boathouses on lakes and rivers.
Walnut – This is a very popular dark-colored wood that is commonly used in furniture or floors. It’s very strong, durable and easy to work with.
If you are interested in learning about hardwood cuttings you can learn more here now: Hardwood Cuttings
Semi-Hardwood Cuttings – Information On Semi-Hardwood Propagation
Semi-hardwood cuttings are woody parts of the plant that consist of one or two years old wood. In other words, they consist of brand new wood and a little bit of old wood from the previous year. They are also known as softwood cuttings because their stems are softer and more pliable than hardwood cuttings.
This is due to the fact that they contain a higher amount of moisture in them.
But how do you take proper semi-hardwood cuttings?
Let’s find out.
Semi-hardwood cuttings can be used to propagate almost any kind of plant, but their size should be between 3 and 12 inches. Cuttings that are shorter than 3 inches don’t typically have enough flexible wood to enable them to be planted in soil. Cuttings that are longer than 12 inches tend to be more difficult to handle and overcrowd the pots.
So, how do you know which size cuttings you should be taking?
It depends on what type of plants you are propagating and how many you want. Most homeowners will do fine with the 3 to 6 inch range for their cuttings.
Semi-hardwood cuttings should be potted in a good quality, loam-based potting soil. While the size of the container doesn’t matter as much as with other types of cuttings, it is still important that it have good drainage. This is especially important if you live in an area that has a lot of rain or humidity.
You can use plastic pots, wooden pots or even cardboard containers as long as they have proper drainage.
Two or three cuttings can easily be taken out of a 10-inch pot, so if you are taking more than one or two cuttings it is beneficial to either divide the container plants into smaller pots or take the cuttings in smaller containers that will fit the number of cuttings you want to take.
Propagating the Plants
When propagating the plants, you should first take cuttings from the mother plant and then transplant the cuttings into their own containers. This will prevent the shock of transplanting from harming the cuttings.
Temperature: Semi-hardwood cuttings can be taken from many perennial herbs such as sage and rosemary or from deciduous trees such as apples, cherries, plums and pears. The common factors are that they can be easily removed and that they contain soft, flexible wood.
The ideal temperatures for propagating semi-hardwood cuttings range between 65ºF and 75ºF, which means that they can be taken during spring or fall. The temperature of the soil where the cuttings are planted doesn’t have to be exact, but it should be close to this range.
Sources & references used in this article:
Propagation of hazelnut by softwood and semi-hardwood cuttings under Nebraska conditions by S Ercisli, PE Read – V International Congress on Hazelnut 556, 2000 – actahort.org
Rooting of peach hardwood and semi-hardwood cuttings by C Tsipouridis, T Thomidis, A Isaakidis – Australian Journal of Experimental …, 2003 – CSIRO
Influence of growth hormones on adventitious root formation in semi-hardwood cuttings of Celasturs paniculatus Willd.: a contribution for rapid multiplication and … by NL Raju, MNV Prasad – Agroforestry Systems, 2010 – Springer
Propagation of peach and plum by semi hardwood cuttings. by F Wahab, G Nabi, N Ali, M Shah – J. Biol. Sci, 2001
Decreasing the concentration of IBA or combination with ethylene inhibitors improve bud retention in semi-hardwood cuttings of hazelnut cultivar ‘Tonda Gentile delle … by DS Gill, SD Chitkara – Research and Development Reporter, 1990 – cabdirect.org
Peach rootstock propagation under intermittent mist system by C Contessa, N Valentini, R Botta – Scientia horticulturae, 2011 – Elsevier