Pepper seeds are very useful if you want to start growing your own food. They have been used since ancient times. Nowadays they are grown for their flavor and color but they can also be eaten raw or cooked with other ingredients like onions, garlic, etc… But there is another use of these seeds which is even better than eating them! You can save them from the seed packet and then later use them to make your own homemade salsa!
What Is A Seed Packet?
A seed packet is a small plastic bag containing several seeds. These packets contain different kinds of seeds that are usually mixed together. For example, one might include red and yellow peppercorns, black and white poblano chiles, and sweet Mexican habaneros. Each packet contains between 20 to 40 seeds depending on the variety.
How To Save Seeds From Seed Pouch?
You can save seeds from seed packets. Some people prefer to buy seeds because it saves time and money. However, saving seeds from seed packets is not difficult at all. All you need is patience and some tools such as a knife, scissors, tweezers or a spoon. Here’s how you do it:
1) Cut open the package so that the inside looks like a ziplock bag.
2) Pick out the seeds you want and put them all in a container, We recommend that you use an empty margarine tub or baby food jar.
3) Place the container in a dry place with a cool temperature such as a refrigerator, paper bag or even a cookie tin.
4) Check the seeds every day for mold or mildew.
If there are any, throw the entire batch away. If you see any signs of growth, plant the seeds immediately in small pots.
5) Plant the seeds once they turn into little plants and start putting out a few leaves.
Make sure to keep them watered and put them in a sunny place.
Here are some tips to help you along:
Always use seeds that have come straight from the fruit or vegetable itself and not from a packet.
Seeds that have been dried naturally taste better and grow stronger plants. You can dry them in paper bags or even in the sun.
Avoid buying seeds from big box stores like Home Depot or Lowes as they usually sell weak varieties. It’s best to buy them from a reputable dealer or even online.
Buying quality seeds is always better than saving weak ones because the plants grown from them will also be weak. Quality seeds produce quality plants which in turn produce quality fruits, vegetables or herbs.
If you are planning to save seeds from store bought packets, make sure they are not treated with any kind of chemical or pesticide. If you’re not sure, just throw them away and buy new ones!
How To Germinate Pepper Seeds?
1) Get a small container such as a margarine tub or baby food jar.
Fill it up with a seed starting mix. The seed starting mix should be about 1-2 inches deep.
2) Place 2 or 3 pepper seeds in the mix.
Do not cover them with the mix. Instead place them on top so that they are exposed.
3) Place the container somewhere warm and sunny such as a windowsill or outside on the ground.
Keep the soil moist but not wet.
4) Keep the seeds moist but not wet.
You can do this by placing a clear plastic bag over the container. Poke a few holes in it to let the moisture out.
5) Wait for the seeds to start growing little green shoots.
This should take about 2 weeks in ideal conditions.
6) Once you see the green shoots, it’s time to transplant them into bigger pots or into your garden.
If you want to plant them in your garden, just do it as you would with any other seed.
7) If you plan on keeping them inside, Use a pot with drainage holes and a good seed starting mix.
Place several seeds in one pot as peppers like being planted in clusters. They also grow well if they are planted together rather than alone. Keep the soil moist but not wet and place them in a sunny windowsill.
Harvesting Pepper Seeds:
Once the peppers turn red, yellow, orange or whatever color they are, it’s time to harvest. This should take about 2 months after the original sa pplies turned the proper color.
1) Carefully pluck the pepper from the plant.
Avoid touching it with your hands as much as possible and handle it by the stem only.
2) Place the pepper in a bag and put it in the fridge overnight to let it chill.
It is important that the pepper be cold when you open it as heat will cause the seeds to start sprouting.
3) The next day take the pepper out of the bag and using a knife carefully make a small cut on the side of it.
4) Carefully remove the seeds from the fruit flesh and place them in a bowl.
5) Repeat this process with all the peppers that need to be harvested.
6) Place the bowl in a sunny window and leave it for about a week.
Make sure the seeds are not disturbed. After a week, if there is any leftover fruit flesh, discard it, otherwise pick out any remaining bits of it and spread the seeds out into a single layer on a piece of newspaper.
7) Leave them to dry for about a week in a dark place.
8) Store the dried seeds in an airtight container in a cool dry place.
Once you have your own seeds, you can grow as many plants as you want and never have to buy peppers again!
How to grow Broad Beans
What you will need:
1) First choose a sunny spot in your garden to start your potatoes.
It’s best to pick a new spot each year as the same ground grows best from seed.
2) Build up the soil with plenty of compost and fertilizer.
Broad beans love nitrogen rich soil so some well rotted manure or bonemeal will help them thrive.
3) Hoe the ground to prepare for planting and then make long trenches, spaced 60cm (2ft) apart with the trenched lined up together.
4) Place a seed potato at the bottom of each trench and then cover with soil and compost.
The seed potatoes should be about as thick as your finger. Some gardeners like to cut their seed potatoes into fairly small pieces to get more growing points, but it isn’t essential.
5) Keep the soil evenly watered and well weeded for the first few weeks until the plants start to grow.
After that just keep watering and feeding. Broad beans love a lot of food and plenty of water so keep them happy and they will reward you with large yields.
6) Once the plants have flowered it is time to harvest your broad beans.
Carefully dig up the plant and shake off as much soil as you can.
7) Pick out any loose pods and then spread the plants out to dry in the sun or near a fan.
Once completely dry store in a jar out of direct sunlight. You will need to shell the seeds once they are dry.
Can be stored for around 12 months.
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Sources & references used in this article:
Saving your own vegetable seeds: A guide for farmers by S Sukprakarn, S Juntakool, R Huang, T Kalb – 2005 – books.google.com
Different seed selection and conservation practices for fresh market and dried chile farmers in Aguascalientes, Mexico by KH Kraft, J de Jesús Luna-Ruíz, P Gepts – Economic Botany, 2010 – Springer
Venturi-driven flotation separator for chili peppers by JL Victor – US Patent 6,988,622, 2006 – Google Patents
Heterosis utilization of CMS lines in hot (sweet) peppers and techniques for its hybrid seed production by SB Wang, HL Zhao, JB Liu, JB Sun, LP Ding – 2002 – worldveg.tind.io
Hybrid Seed Production in Capsicum by TG Berke – Journal of New Seeds, 2000 – Taylor & Francis
Effects of drying procedure, cultivar, and harvest number on capsaicin levels in dried jalapeno peppers by LO Pordesimo, H Li, JH Lee… – Applied Engineering in …, 2004 – elibrary.asabe.org
… alkanes in C. annuum (bell pepper) fruit and seed using GC-MS: comparison of extraction methods and application to samples of different geographical origin by E De Rijke, C Fellner, J Westerveld, M Lopatka… – Analytical and …, 2015 – Springer