Cold Hardy Ferns – What Are They?
Ferns are one of the most popular plants for home gardeners. There are many varieties of these beautiful plants which vary greatly in size, shape, color and even fragrance. Some types grow only in certain parts of the world while others thrive all year round. All varieties have their own unique characteristics that make them suitable for different climates around the globe.
There are two main kinds of ferns: those with hardy roots and those without. Hardy ferns require little or no water during dry periods, but they do need regular watering in wet seasons. These plants prefer moist soil conditions and can survive drought conditions if provided with enough moisture. Their leaves may wilt at times, but they will recover quickly.
If left unattended, they may die back completely, but they will soon begin growing again once the soil becomes moist again.
On the other hand, non-hardy ferns cannot tolerate prolonged periods of drought and will eventually perish from lack of water. They are not very tolerant of hot temperatures either and will suffer severe damage if exposed to extreme heat for long periods of time. When grown in areas where it gets too warm, these plants can easily become damaged by frost. They are very sensitive to temperature changes, so they do not fare well during cold winters.
Ferns are one of the most rewarding and interesting plants to grow in your garden. There are many different kinds of ferns, including bracken, hart’s tongue, maidenhair, ostrich, sierra, wandering and wood. You can plant them almost anywhere in your yard or garden, providing that you pick the right variety for your particular region. They look nice planted alongside your house, near your garden or even along the edges of your driveway.
Ferns are commonly used to soften the landscape and provide a more decorative appearance to a yard. They can be used as boundaries between different sections of a garden or even as a natural-looking screen to block an unattractive view. Other than their visual aesthetics, ferns can also provide ground cover to prevent weeds from growing in certain areas.
Sources & references used in this article:
Flora of Alberta: a manual of flowering plants, conifers, ferns, and fern allies found growing without cultivation in the Province of Alberta, Canada by EH Moss, EH Moss, JG Packer – 1983 – books.google.com
Phenology and wintering capacity of sporophytes and gametophytes of ferns native to northern Japan by T Sato – Oecologia, 1982 – Springer
Native plants for Georgia part II: ferns by GL Wade, E Nash, E McDowell, T Goforth, B Beckham… – 2009 – athenaeum.galib.uga.edu
Photosynthetic capacity and leaf reorientation in two wintergreen ferns, Polystichum acrostichoides and Dryopteris intermedia by LD Noodén, WH Wagner Jr – American Fern Journal, 1997 – JSTOR
Photosynthesis, photoinhibition, and nitrogen use efficiency in native and invasive tree ferns in Hawaii by LZ Durand, G Goldstein – Oecologia, 2001 – Springer
Desiccation tolerant vascular plants of Southern Africa by DF Gaff – Oecologia, 1977 – Springer
The Ferns of South Africa: Containing Descriptions and Figures of the Ferns and Fern Allies of South Africa by TR Sim – 1915 – books.google.com
Ferns of the Vicinity of New York: Being Descriptions of the Fern-plants Growing Naturally Within a Hundred Miles of Manhattan Island, with Notes by JK Small – 1975 – books.google.com
A field guide to ferns and their related families: Northeastern and Central North America by B Cobb, E Farnsworth, C Lowe – 2005 – books.google.com