GINSENG FICUS PRUNING
A ficus ginseng bonsai tree is a popular choice among bonsai enthusiasts because it offers many advantages over other types of trees. For example, it produces good foliage which makes it attractive to visitors; it grows fast and yields large quantities of fruit; and its branches are strong enough to support the weight of the trunk. However, there are some disadvantages too. These include the following:
It takes time to grow a ficus ginseng bonsai tree. This means that the tree will not produce fruit immediately after planting, but rather several years later.
The plant requires lots of water and fertilizers. Although these materials are available at nurseries or garden centers, they may contain harmful chemicals such as herbicides or pesticides. They may also be expensive and difficult to obtain in your area.
Because the tree needs so much attention, it is prone to disease.
In addition, a ficus ginseng bonsai tree is susceptible to pests such as scale insects and spider mites. You can read more about these pests here.
If you want to grow a ficus ginseng bonsai tree with all these advantages, then you need to choose one that has been trained properly. You can read more about this here. If you do not want to dedicate your time and attention to a ficus ginseng bonsai tree, then it is better to plant a seedling in the ground. You can still read more about the advantages and disadvantages of this approach here.
Ginseng Ficus Pruning
The most challenging aspect of growing a ficus ginseng plant is learning how to prune it. Although pruning may sound easy, it can be difficult for people who do not have any experience in this area. For example, you need to know when to prune the plant and how much you should cut off. If you prune too much, the plant will lose its leaves and dies. Alternatively, if you do not prune enough, the plant will lose its fruit-bearing capacity.
However, if you are careful and you follow the advice in this article, you can successfully grow a ficus ginseng bonsai tree that produces delicious fruit.
When To Prune A Ficus Ginseng Bonsai Tree
The first thing that you need to know about pruning a ficus ginseng bonsai tree is when to do it. There are two main reasons to prune a ficus ginseng plant. The first is to remove dead or dying branches and the second is to promote new growth.
Dead Or Dying Branches
All plants have weak branches that can easily snap off in the wind. If this happens, the plant must quickly grow another one to take its place. To do this, it diverts all of its resources into growing a new branch. This is why you should cut off dead or dying branches because it forces the plant to grow another one. You can tell a branch is weak if it looks weak and detached from the main plant.
The other reason to prune a ficus ginseng bonsai tree is to promote new growth. Ficus plants send out new shoots from the places where its branches connect to the main trunk. By pruning these areas, you force the plant to send out new shoots. These new shoots turn into branches and then grow into new leaves. This means that, by pruning, you can increase the number of leaves that your plant produces.
There are several different ways that you can prune your ficus ginseng bonsai tree. The first is called the one-third rule or the balanced approach. This style involves pruning back every branch so that they are all at least one-third shorter than the “leader” branch. This will ensure good growth while still promoting new branches.
The second is called the open-center approach and it requires much more maintenance. With this style, you should prune back every branch so that the “leader” branch is in the center. This will lead to more growth but it can get out of hand quickly.
The third style is called the hedge method and involves cutting back your plant to a few select branches. You should only use this technique if you have had experience with the one-third rule. Only use this technique if you want to turn your plant into a large hedge.
When you are first starting out, it is best to use the one-third rule and only prune dead or dying branches. Over time, you can experiment with different styles to see which one you like best.
Fertilizing Your Ficus Ginseng Bonsai Tree
Another important part of growing ficus ginseng bonsai tree is fertilizing it. You should fertilize your plant once every two weeks during the spring and summer months with a general purpose fertilizer. During the fall and winter, you should decrease the frequency to once every four weeks. You can buy fertilizer at a garden center or you can make your own using a recipe from the internet.
Over time, your ficus ginseng bonsai tree will grow significantly. You may find that its container is no longer big enough to hold it. If this is the case, you can repot your plant into a larger pot or even plant it into the ground.
This concludes our article on growing ficus ginseng bonsai tree from seeds. We hope you found it to be enlightening.
Ficus Microcarpa Ginseng Bonsai Tree : How To Grow A Ficus Ginseng Bonsai Tree
The Ficus ginseng is native to the Far East and Central Northern Asia and is also known as the Aralia Pentagyna. The plant normally grows in the wild on hillsides with rich loamy soil and is somewhat tolerant of coastal conditions, though it can only survive in acidic soil.
The Aralia Pentagyna is a slow growing plant which will not grow significantly during its first five years, except to put on a little in height. Though it can live for up to one hundred years and normally grows to between four and eight feet high (depending on the variety), though of course you can prune it and train it as a bonsai.
The plant produces small flowers followed by berries which contain a number of seeds. The bark of the Ficus ginseng is a reddish colour and the five-lobed leaves are between three and eight inches long and similarly wide, they have a glossy green upper surface and a yellow-white underside.
There are around half a dozen varieties of this plant, with the most common being the Ficus ginseng var. pentagyna. There are also variegated and smaller leaf varieties available.
Ficus ginseng bonsai care is not too difficult, however it does require more attention than many other plants. They like a position in bright or partial shade, but will not tolerate full sunshine. These plants cannot stand any frost and need to be kept indoors in climates where the temperature falls below 10 degrees centigrade, otherwise they will simply shrivel up and die.
In terms of soil, a well-draining mixture is best. The soil should contain plenty of humus and nutrients as this plant has a large appetite. Waterings should be kept to a minimum, do not over water this plant or it will become susceptible to fungal infections which can kill it. Feed fortnightly with an acid fertilizer.
The plant normally grows quite slowly but you can top-dress it to encourage new growth and therefore branches. You can also prune the plant to shape and train it.
Growth is fastest when the plant is in active growth between March and August, and it is during this period that it will require most attention. During this period you should also repot the plant every second year.
The Ficus ginseng is not common in cultivation and so outside of the botanical gardens, your only option is to buy a plant, unless of course you happen to find one in the wild. In either case expect to pay between $40 and $50 for a starter plant.
This plant is quite difficult to find in nurseries and garden centres, you may have more luck looking on-line.
Ficus ginseng care is quite easy and the plant tolerates indoor conditions well. However it does not tolerate any frost, so if you live in a cooler climate it will need to be kept indoors. It also has large appetites, so don’t skimp on feeding or watering.
Finally this plant is an exotic and could be susceptible to disease in our less familiar climate, though this can be minimized with the right Ficus ginseng care.
Picture Ficus ginseng (Ficus Retusa) from Wikipedia.
The Ficus Retusa is a small tree or large shrub that grows between 5 and 15 feet in height and has a spread of around 15 feet. The bark is dark grey and the leaves are dark green in colour, they can be between 3 and 6 inches long and 1.5 to 3 inches wide. The flowers are small, green and inconspicuous.
The Ficus Retusa is native to the tropics, meaning that it prefers warm humid conditions. It is hardy and can grow outside in the UK providing it is given a sheltered spot and plenty of water during the summer months. However it is fairly unusual to find this plant for sale in the UK, it is more commonly found in botanical gardens or large private gardens. This is because outside of its native environment it is fairly delicate, it cannot tolerate any frost and it is susceptible to a number of fungal diseases.
This plant is fairly easy to look after as it has few needs and tolerates abuse fairly well. It just requires a sheltered position, plenty of water during the summer months and shade from direct sunlight. It should not be placed in an area that is prone to cold winds. It will grow outside of its native environment but only in the mildest parts of the country.
The Ficus Retusa can be pruned to make it into a tree or tall bush or allowed to run along the ground as a low spreading shrub. It is fairly slow growing and so will not need repotting very often. Repot every two or three years in a good quality loam based compost.
A large pot is required as this plant tends to put on a lot of growth each year, it should have plenty of space to allow the roots to expand.
This plant prefers humid conditions but it must be remembered that the container must be able to drain well or root rot can occur. Occasionally mist the leaves during the summer to keep them healthy.
This plant can tolerate low light conditions but it will not grow anywhere near as well and will become leggy. The leaves will also get spots and fungal diseases if the conditions are poor. It should therefore be placed in a position where it can receive direct sunlight between 10am and 3pm, it should then be given shade until the evening when it can be put outside to soak up the evening sun. It should not be placed in full sun all day as this can burn the leaves.
If you want to keep this plant outside it should be given partial shade and shelter from the wind but it must be remembered that the soil must not be allowed to dry out.
Propagation can be carried out by taking tip cuttings in spring or stem cuttings in summer,allow the cuts to heal over and placed them in a container filled with damp sand. Once rooted they can be potted up.
The Ficus Retusa can also be propagated by seed which can be collected and sown during the spring. The seeds can take several months to germinate.
The Ficus Retusa produces small white flowers which are followed by clusters of small yellow berries. The fruits are edible and have a sour taste.
This plant has few pests, however it can be susceptible to scale insects and mealy bugs, they can be removed with a cotton wool bud soaked in alcohol or pesticide.
The Ficus Retusa is not regarded as being poisonous but it may cause an allergic reaction in some people. The Ficus Retusa or Weeping Fig can be found in the wild but is also widely available in most nurseries.
The Ficus Retusa prefers indoor conditions and will not tolerate outdoor locations with low winter temperatures. It is normally placed as a feature plant and allowed to trail along surfaces. It does have large leaves which can be used as a feature but it also has aerial roots which will also assist in this. It is perfect for filling up large spaces on a wall with relatively little effort. The large leaves also make excellent sun shades.
It is easy to maintain, insect and rot resistant, can tolerate low light levels and the aerial roots can be used to hold containers. It is also relatively slow growing and will stay small if required.
It does not have many pest problems and is suitable for most people.
Sources & references used in this article:
64 Popular Types of Bonsai Trees You Can Grow by E Tovar – florgeous.com
Groundcovers for the South by M Harrison – 2006 – books.google.com
Food plants of China by S Hu – 2005 – books.google.com
Heirloom Gardening in the South: Yesterday’s Plants for Today’s Gardens by WC Welch, G Grant – 2011 – books.google.com
One Green Thumb and Nine Sticky Fingers by RC Blaisdell – 2019 – books.google.com
SALARY IN THE WORLD (GAJI) by WIN TURF – msaprudin.wordpress.com
Flower and tree magic: discover the natural enchantment around you by R Webster – 2012 – books.google.com