Companion Planting With Yams – What To Plant Next To Yams?
Yam is one of the most popular vegetable in the world.
You may have heard that it’s good for weight loss, but what are its benefits?
It contains high amounts of potassium which helps your body maintain normal blood pressure levels. Potassium also plays a role in muscle contraction and relaxation processes.
Potatoes contain vitamins A, C, B6 and K. They also provide iron, manganese and copper. Potatoes are rich in fiber which helps prevent constipation. They are very low in calories and they give you energy when eaten along with other foods such as fruits or vegetables.
The main reason why people love yams so much is because they taste great! They are easy to grow and produce lots of delicious yummy food. There are many varieties of yams available in the market today. Planting the yam vegetable is easy and fun for kids because they get to see the plants grow in your yard or garden.
There are many ways you can prepare yams. If you’re looking for weight loss, you can eat them boiled, baked or mashed with milk and honey. Sweet potatoes also work well when making desserts such as cakes, cookies, pies and many more. Get creative and try different recipes!
It’s easy to grow yams and potatoes. Here is some general information about how to grow these vegetables:
Sweet Potato/ Yam has long vines that can reach lengths up to 15 feet. The best way to grow these vegetables is to plant the tuber in hills. Hills are when you mound up soil and dig a hole (or trenches) into it where you will place the tubers. Sweet potatoes and yams do well with other vegetables such as corn, beans or squash.
To get started, choose a sunny spot in your yard where you would like to see the yam or sweet potato plant. Make sure the area has loose soil that is well drained and free of debris. Prepare your soil by removing any stones or debris and then plow it. To plow the soil, you want to turn it over with a digging tool such as a garden spade or pitchfork.
You can also use a tractor if you have one available. The goal is to have turned over earth that is seven to eight inches deep.
Once your soil is plowed and loose, its time to begin mounding it up to make the hills. This can be done with your hands, but it is faster (and better for your back!) to use a garden rake to drag the soil into a hill. Make the hill about three feet wide at the base and four feet wide at the top.
Once the hills are made, you need to place your sweet potatoes or yams into the holes you have dug. The tubers should be at least three feet apart when planted.
After you have placed all of your tubers in their respective holes, it’s time to cover them up. Keep the soil loose around the plants to help them breathe. Water your yams and sweet potatoes often enough so that the soil does not dry out.
If you are planting your yams or sweet potatoes in the middle of the growing season, then continuing to plant corn or beans on either side of them will help to give the vegetables enough nutrients. If you planted your yams or sweet potatoes in the early Spring, then they will need extra nitrogen. You can do this by placing chopped up pieces of green leaves such as cabbage, kale or even tobacco into the holes next to the yams or sweet potatoes before covering them with soil.
If you need help with your yams or sweet potatoes during the growing season, you can apply a liquid fertilizer every few weeks to promote growth.
Harvest your yams or sweet potatoes when the vines die back or when the plant starts to turn yellow and begins to dry out. To prevent diseases in the future, do not place any remaining tubers back into the ground. Instead, throw them out with the trash.
If you have any leftover sweet potatoes or yams from your meal, don’t throw them out! Instead, place them in a Ziploc bag and store them in your refrigerator’s vegetable drawer for up to two weeks. Sweet potatoes and yams can also be frozen. To do this, simply slice the sweet potatoes or yams and lay the slices on a cookie sheet.
Place the cookie sheet in your freezer and let it freeze solid. Once frozen, remove the slices from the cookie sheet and place them into a freezer bag. They will keep in the freezer for up to six months. When you are ready to eat them, simply place the frozen slices into a pan of boiling water. By the time the water is boiling again, they will be soft enough to eat.
Sweet potatoes and yams will also keep in a cool, dry place (such as a closet) for up to two months. To keep them longer than that, you will need to place them into a refrigerator. Before you do this, make sure to wrap them in newspaper or place them in a cloth bag (such as a cotton pillow case) so that the cold air does not become too damp and cause them to rot.
Sweet potatoes and yams require the same growing conditions, but each one has different harvesting times and lengths of time before they can be harvested. Here are some of their differences:
Yams are not always orange on the inside, but when they are, they do not need to be cooked. When cooked, they turn a golden yellow color.
Sweet potatoes are always orange on the inside and have a longer growing time as well as a longer harvesting period. When cooked, they turn a cream color.
If you are lucky enough to live in a warm, tropical area that receives abundant rainfall, then you can try growing sumpweed (also known as American mallow).
Sumpweed plants grow up to three feet tall and have heart-shaped leaves that are toothed on their ends. They have a thick, hairy stem that is green on the top and light green on the bottom. Their flowers have five petals that are a pale purple in color.
Native Americans used sumpweed in the same way that we use cotton: to make clothing, bedding, cord, paper and even different types of containers.
Sumpweed grows best in full sun. If you live in an area that experiences heavy winds, then you may want to plant your sumpweeds in a protected area.
If you want to harvest your sumpweeds, let the plants grow until they are about four feet tall. Cut off the plants near the base and remove their leaves. Once you have done this, place the stems into a bucket and submerge them underwater (be sure to keep them in a dark place so that they will not rot). Sumpweeds can stay under water for long periods of time before they start to deteriorate.
Sumpweeds grow best in soil that has a pH level between 5.5 and 8.0. If you live in an area that has alkaline soil (soil with a high pH), then you can amend (improve) your soil’s pH by sprinkling agricultural sulfur on the soil prior to planting.
If you have soil with a low pH, then you can’t do anything about it – your best option is to choose another type of plant to grow.
Sumpweeds are a bit more difficult to start from seed. You can try soaking the seeds in water for a few days before planting to see if that helps. Otherwise, you can try planting the seeds a little deeper than normal and giving them a bit more water than normal. Sumpweeds require a lot of moisture when they are growing, so keep this in mind when you are cultivating them.
One of the main reasons why people like to grow sumpweeds is because it is very easy to convert the stems into thread. All you need to turn your harvested stems into sumpweed thread is a hackle, which is a tool that has metal teeth on one end of it. You can use this to separate the stems’ fibers. Once you have separated all of the fibers, place them on a wooden beam and use a heavy wooden hammer to continue separating the fibers.
Once you have done this, you should have sumpweed thread. You can now use this thread to weave cloth or paper.
Sumpweed flowers are also edible. If you don’t need them for decoration, you can pick some of your sumpweed flowers when they are in their prime and add them to a salad or eat them on their own. The flowers have a sweet flavor to them.
There are certain types of bees that love to visit sumpweed flowers. If you want to take advantage of this, you can place an old hive in your sumpweed patch. Sumpweeds make for great honey and their flowers produce a lot of it.
Sumpweeds do not require much attention. Once you plant them, you only have to water them occasionally (sumpweeds can survive in areas where other plants would die).
Sumpweeds can be used for a variety of things. You can use sumpweed flowers for decorating. Their leaves can be used as a flavoring in food. Their stems can be turned into thread.
And the bees that are drawn to their flowers produce a lot of honey, which is a great way to make money.
Sumpweeds are not grown everywhere, so if you happen to live in an area where they are cultivated, consider yourself lucky!
Page last updated August 7, 2017. All information was obtained from The Internet.
Sources & references used in this article:
The tropical tuber crops: yams, cassava, sweet potato, and cocoyams. by IC Onwueme – 1978 – cabdirect.org
Yams. by DG Coursey – Yams., 1967 – cabdirect.org
Yams. An account of the nature, origins, cultivation and utilisation of the useful members of the Dioscoreaceae. by DG Coursey – Yams. An account of the nature, origins, cultivation …, 1967 – cabdirect.org
The yam: a tropical root crop. by L Degras – 1993 – cabdirect.org