Growing Celery From Stump:
Celeriac (or Cabbage) is one of the most popular vegetables in America. It’s easy to grow and very nutritious.
You may wonder how to grow celery from stumps. There are many ways to do so, but there are two main methods that work best for us.
The first method is to use a trellis system. A trellis system consists of several stakes tied together with string or rope.
These stakes are then connected at each end to form a netting around the stalk. Then, the string or rope is attached to the ends of these stakes and they are all held up by other strings or ropes that run through them. The netting acts like a screen between the ground and the stalk.
The second method is to simply plant your stalks directly into the ground. This method works well if you have access to a large area where you can grow celery from stumps.
If not, then planting stalks directly into the ground will work just fine.
This is the basics to growing celery from stumps. You then have to plant in a rich soil that stays damp but not wet.
The ground also needs to have full sun for at least six hours each day.
It is also very nutritious and can be eaten on its own. It is best to keep this plant in containers since it takes up a lot of room.
Tip: Use a trellis system if you want to grow celery from stumps in containers.
You can also plant the stumps directly into the ground. This works well if you have a lot of space to work with.
Again, keep the soil damp and in a location that gets full sun for at least six hours each day.
Celery will be ready to harvest about four months after you plant it. It can take up to a year for it to be ready and it all depends on how large you want the stalks to grow.
The larger you want the stalks to grow, the more time it will take.
Harvest celery by cutting off the stalk at the base. Enjoy this crunchy vegetable on its own or incorporate into your favorite soups, salads, and stir fries.
How Long Does It Take To Grow Celery:
Most people wonder how long does it take to grow celery. Well, that entirely depends on the method you use and how large you want the stalks to grow.
It can take up to a year for them to become large and delicious. The smaller you want the stalks to grow, the quicker they will be ready to harvest.
The fastest way to grow celery is from seed. It takes about two months for the celery to be ready for harvest.
However, the stalks will not be very large and you’ll end up with a lot of celery.
You can also start celery from cuttings or stumps. It takes about 4-5 months for it to be ready to harvest and will produce fairly large stalks.
Celery will continue to grow as long as temperatures stay warm. However, the flavor gets stronger as the weather gets cooler.
It is a biennial and will die after two years no matter what.
What Does Celery Look Like:
Celery has a long stalk that grows in bunches. Leaves will start growing directly out of the main stalk on either side.
These leaves are edible and can be eaten raw or cooked. They have a mild flavor and resemble the laves of a common garden variety lettuce.
The main stalk can range in color from a light to dark green. They are hollow and crunchy.
The stalks also have small bunches of thin white strings that run the length of it. These strings, also known as ribs, are the sweetest part of the stalk and can be eaten raw or cooked.
How To Grow Celery: Summary
Celery grows best in rich soil that is moist but well drained
Full sun to partial shade
Keep the stalks watered as they grow, especially in hotter weather
Harvest celery before the weather gets too cold.
Keep in mind that celery is a biennial plant; it will die after two growing seasons no matter what.
Celery prefers cooler weather but will continue to grow as long as the temperature stay above 40 degrees.
Keep the leaves when harvesting the stalks. They can be eaten raw or cooked.
Bring in the stalks when a hard frost is expected. Celery does not like the cold and can get mushy if it freezes.
Plant celery every few weeks from early spring to late fall to ensure a constant harvest.
Celery can be grown indoors in pots but it will not produce nearly as much as an outdoor garden.
How To Start Celery Seeds:
Celery can be grown from both seeds and cuttings. Seeds take longer but will produce a more reliable harvest.
We recommend starting celery indoors about 6-8 weeks before your last frost date.
Fill pots with rich soil. We recommend using a mix of 1 part peat moss to 1 part loam to 4 parts coarse sand.
Add a balanced fertilizer to the soil before planting.
Plant 3 seeds per pot and keep them evenly moist. Celery has a low germination rate so don’t throw out the seeds that don’t sprout.
If using celery seeds sponge them with water first to help speed up the process.
Transplant seedlings to individual pots once they are large enough to handle and transplant outdoors once the temperature is warmer than 60 degrees at night.
Harvest celery as soon as the stalks are 6-8 inches tall and the leaves are full size.
Cut the leaves and stalks from the base. Cut just below the bottom set of leaves.
Cut bunches by laying them flat on the ground and chopping them with a sharp knife or garden shears.
Leave a couple of inches of stalk on smaller bunches and up to 12 inches on larger bunches.
Celery can also be blanched to increase the quality and sweetness of the stalk.
Cutting the top of the plant causes it to produce more energy into the remaining stalk. Cut about 1/3 of the way up the plant.
Store harvested celery in a plastic bag in the refrigerator for up to one week. Celery starts to lose its crunch after that so eat it quickly or freeze what you don’t use right away.
Celery can also be dried. Simply harvest and dry following the instructions in this article.
Let the celery dry for a day or two, cut it up, and place in airtight containers.
Harvesting celery too late will cause it to get pithy (hollow and tough). Harvesting it too early will make it bitter and tough as well.
Celery can be harvested up to 2-3 times before the plant gets stressed out and stops producing. Even after the plant stops producing it can be left in the ground and will usually survive the winter months.
In fact, you can cut the celery as needed right from the garden during those cold winter months.
There are three main types of celery: Pascal, Gladiator, and Torch.
Pascal celery is the most common and converts more easily from sugar to starch. It has a light flavor and crisp texture.
Gladiator has less pith (hollow center), less bitterness, and sweeter taste than other varieties.
Torch is less common and has a spicy flavor and thicker stalks than other varieties. It is also slower to develop than other variety so it is best planted in the spring or late summer.
Sources & references used in this article:
Do You Have Tips For Growing Cauliflower and Celery? by OB Whipple – 1913 – Montana Agricultural College …
Immunolocalization of mannitol dehydrogenase in celery plants and cells by D Drost – Ask A Specialist, 2002 – digitalcommons.usu.edu
Growth and cytology of celery plants derived from tissue cultures by E Zamski, YT Yamamoto, JD Williamson… – Plant …, 1996 – Am Soc Plant Biol