Broomweed (Sedum spicatum) is a weed that grows naturally in many areas of the world. It is found mostly in dry, sandy soil with occasional exceptions such as deserts or rocky terrain where it may grow under rocks. It tends to have a dense mat of leaves which are dark green at first but turn brown before they fall off completely. These plants produce no seeds and thus do not compete with other vegetation for water or nutrients from the soil. They are commonly used in landscaping because of their resistance to herbicides. However, broomweed can cause problems if grown in large quantities due to its ability to spread rapidly through the landscape.

The plant’s common name comes from the fact that it looks like a bunch of dirty rags tied together. When trampled, these rags look like little broomsticks which then become tangled up into a knot. The plant itself is actually a perennial herbaceous vine. Its flowers appear in late summer and early autumn. The plant produces small white berries called “broom” which are eaten as a delicacy in some parts of Europe.

How to Kill Broomweed?

Broomsedge is very difficult to kill, however there are several methods that can be tried out depending upon your situation.

Hand pulling

One of the easiest ways to kill this weed is to pull it out by hand. Broomsedge spreads itself through its deep roots that can grow up to 15 feet deep into the earth. The shallow roots can be pulled out within a couple of weeks, however the deep roots will take considerable time. If you have enough hands on deck, then you can start pulling out the weeds and throwing them into a pile where they will eventually rot down. You must be careful not to damage any of your plants while pulling out the weed.

Mowing

While mowing, weeds will get shredded and melted down by the lawn mower, however this won’t work for the deep-rooted broomweed. The main reason why this method doesn’t work is because the top part of the broomseed will be chopped off however the root remains intact which means that it will continue growing. If you have a lot of time on your hands, then you can try mowing the weed repeatedly over a period of time until nothing is left.

Herbicide

Pour out glyphosate or another increasingly concentrated herbicide on the patch however, be careful when doing this as it might get into your other plants. Broomsedge cannot be killed off by most common weed killers in the market. Soap-based and vinegar-based are not effective on broomweed either.

Pulling and spraying is a good combination. If you have the time to pull up the broomweed and are careful in your application of herbicide, then this will eventually kill off the entire patch of broomweed.

Broomsedge Plant: How To Get Rid Of Broomsedge - Image

Broomsedge Removal

It’s important to try to prevent this noxious weed from spreading as it has a lot of invasive roots that can affect your lawn by making it weak. Broomsedge spreads itself through seeds, pollination and by sending out runners. It can survive in a wide range of environments and conditions. There are several ways to get rid of broomweed from your lawn and garden.

Hand Weeding

This is the best way to get rid of small patches of broomweed. Since it has shallow roots, you can easily pull them up. If you have limited time, then this is the best option for you.

Mowing

If you have a lot of time on your hands, then you can try repeatedly mowing your lawn. While the top part of the plant will get shredded by the lawn mower, the root will remain intact. This will then grow back eventually which is why this method won’t completely get rid of broomweed.

Apply herbicide

This is the best way to kill off broomweed in your lawn if you have a lot of time and dedication. The main problem with this method is that most herbicides don’t work on broomweed. You can try using a more and more concentrated mixture of the herbicide after each application while also being careful not to damage your other plants.

You can also try applying a soap-based or vinegar-based herbicide since these are more effective on broomweed than other options in the market.

The best way to do this is through repeated applications of the spray over a period of time until nothing is left. You can also try doing this in combination with another method such as hand weeding.

Pulling

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This is effective but it takes a lot of time as the roots are deep. It is worth it in the long run since pulling up the roots of the broomweed effectively kills the entire plant.

You should do this in combination with another more efficient method since pulling up all of the broomweed can take a lot of time and effort.

Prevention is Always Better than a Cure

Broomsedge spreads through a process called fragmentation. The plant has very thin, brittle roots that easily break off when touched. These pieces of root can then grow into new plants if they find suitable soil conditions.

Sources & references used in this article:

Structure and function of an old-field broomsedge community by FB Golley – Ecological monographs, 1965 – JSTOR

Fertility and management treatments to control broomsedge in pastures by EJ Peters, SA Lowance – Weed Science, 1974 – JSTOR

The spider population of the abstract Broomsedge Community of the southeastern Piedmond by RD Barnes, BM Barnes – Ecology, 1955 – JSTOR

Broomsedge (Andropogon virginicus) Response to Herbicides and Burning1 by TJ Butler, JF Stritzke, LA Redmon, CL Goad – Weed technology, 2002 – BioOne

Arsenical herbicides for removing broomsedge from forage grasses by SA Lowance, EJ Peters, RE Mattas – Weed Science, 1975 – cambridge.org

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